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Århus
Århus inner city in 1998, from the South Harbor side
Århus is located in Denmark
Århus
Location in Denmark
Coordinates: 56°09′N 10°13′E / 56.15°N 10.217°E / 56.15; 10.217
Country  Denmark
Region Central Denmark Region
Municipality Aarhus Municipality
Area [1]
 - Urban 91 km2 (35.1 sq mi)
 - Metro 9,997 km2 (3,859.9 sq mi)
 - Municipal 468 km2 (180.7 sq mi)
Population (2009)[2],[1]
 - Urban 239,865
 - Urban Density 2,636/km2 (6,827.2/sq mi)
 - Metro 1,228,398 (17 municipalities in East Jutland metropolitan area)
 - Metro Density 123/km2 (318.6/sq mi)
 - Municipal 307,000
 - Municipal Density 656/km2 (1,699/sq mi)
Time zone Central Europe Time (UTC+1)

Aarhus, or Århus (Danish pronunciation: [ˈɒːhus, ˈɒːhuːˀs]  ( listen)), is the second largest city in Denmark, and 99th-largest in the European Union, and the sixth-largest amongst the Nordic countries. The principal port of Denmark, it is situated on the east side of the peninsula of Jutland in the geographical center of Denmark. Aarhus is the seat of the council of Aarhus municipality with 307,000 [3] inhabitants and 239,865[2] in the inner urban area, and app. 800.000 inhabitants within 1/2 hour transport.(StorÅrhus) [4] the city claims the unofficial title "Capital of Jutland".[5]

Aarhus is the main and biggest city in the East Jutland metropolitan area (Danish: Byregion Østjylland). which is a co-operation in the eastern Jutland with 17 Municipalities [1]. With more than 1.2 million people living in the area it represents approximately 23% of the population of Denmark and is the second largest metropolitan area after the Copenhagen metropolitan area[6].

Contents

Name

During the Middle Ages the city was called Arus, and in Icelandic chronicles, it was known as Áróss. It is a compound of the two words ār, genitive of ā ("river", Modern Danish å) and ōss ("mouth", obsolete in Modern Danish; in Modern Icelandic this word is still used for "river delta"). The city is located on the mouth of the small river, Århus Å (Å being the Danish word for a small river).

Through regular sound development, Medieval Danish Arus became Aars or Oes, a form which persisted in the dialects of the surrounding parishes until the 20th century. In 1406 Aarhus became prevalent in the written sources, and gradually became the norm in the 17th century. Aarhus is probably a remodelling after the numerous Low German place names in -husen, possibly as a result of the influence of German merchants.

The city is mentioned for the first time by Adam of Bremen who states that "Reginbrand, bishop of the church of Aarhus (Harusa)" participates in a church meeting in the city of Ingelham in Germany.[7]

Aarhus Cathedral; rebuilt to its current size in 1500, with the longest nave in Denmark

Geography

The city lies roughly at the geographical centre of Denmark on the peninsula of Jutland. Forests reach from the south into the city to within a kilometre (0.6 mi) of the city centre, because the city has grown around the forest, and some areas are completely surrounded by the city, such as Risskov. The city is built mostly around the harbour, which is predominantly industrial, although a large recreational marina is situated south of it as an extension.

Aerial view of Aarhus from the north.

While some of the highest points in Denmark are close to the city, the general landscape is typically hilly, interspersed with forests and meadows; the city itself is very hilly north of the centre (for Danish standards, that is; see Highest hill, Denmark). The coastline consists mainly of sandy beaches, but stony areas are not uncommon. The immediate coastal regions are not heavily populated due to a national policy of keeping residences inland rather than crowding the coast.

The city lies at the junction of railway lines from all parts of the country. To the south west (about 21 km (13 mi), by rail) lies a picturesque region that contains the Gudenå. Several larger lakes extend West from the Skanderborg railway junction and rise to heights exceeding 152 metres (500 ft) at Himmelbjerget. The railway traverses this district of moorland and woodland to Silkeborg.

Transport

Århus Citybikes.

Aarhus Airport, a local airport of Aarhus, is located 40 km (25 mi) north-east of Aarhus, in Tirstrup. The number of available destinations leaving from Aarhus Airport is rapidly increasing because of the rising international interest among the City, but residents also use the bigger Billund Airport, situated 95 km (59 mi) south-west of Aarhus. There have been plans for constructing a new, bigger airport for a long time, but so far, the plans have not been realized.

Aarhus is served by commuter rail that connects the city itself with neighbouring towns. The main station in Aarhus is Århus Central Station, which is located in the city centre. Most city bus lines go through the inner city and pass through either Park Alle or Banegårdspladsen (lit. English: "Central Station Square", German: Bahnhof Platz) or both. County and Inter-city buses terminate at Aarhus Bus Terminal which is located 900 meters north-west of Banegårdspladsen, in front of the Radisson SAS Scandinavia hotel located at Margrethepladsen 1, 8000 Århus C).

The Danish ferry company Mols-Linien connects Aarhus with Copenhagen(located at the isle of Zealand). The fastest ferries in the world (100 km/h) operate up to 10 times daily from the port of Aarhus to the port cities of Sjællands Odde and Kalundborg on Zealand. The ferriers takes both vehicles, and the Busline 888 which is the fastest link between the two Danish capitals.

History

Interlacing knotwork designs and stylized dragon ridge plates on a reconstruction of an early church at Moesgaard Museum

The bishopric of Aarhus dates back to at least 951, and archaeological findings date back some 1300 years to Viking times. The city itself is presumably older than 770 AD, making Aarhus the oldest big city in Scandinavia. The favorable central position of the city within Denmark afforded it trade from Germany, the Baltic countries, the greater peninsula of Jutland and the communities on the many smaller islands in its vicinity, which meant that trade always had a great significance to the town - a significance which is still true today.

The Aarhus city seal from 1421 and 1608.

The city did not expand outwards until the late 19th century, and Aalborg remained the largest city on the peninsula until the 1920s. The relatively fast, albeit late, growth of the city can be ascribed to the general tendencies of a population moving from rural to urban areas during the industrial revolution. Industrialisation meant that proximity to trade routes became more important, giving the harbour city some advantages over other nearby cities as new industries came into existence.

Viking Age and before

fortified Viking Town Aros (Aarhus) 950 AD
fortified Viking Town Aros

The oldest archaeological findings in Aarhus are glass pearls, which date to the end of the 7th century. Half buried long houses, used both as homes and workshops for the Vikings have also been found.[8] In the houses and the adjoining archaeological layers, combs, jewelry and basic multi-purpose tools have been found that indicate the settlement is from approximately year 900. Digs in the spring of 2005 revealed a so-called city-ditch from the year 850 which might have marked the trade centre upon which the city is built.

The finding of six runestones in and around Aarhus indicates the city had some significance around year 1000 as only wealthy nobles traditionally used them.[9] The center of Aarhus was once a pagan burial site until Aarhus' first church, Holy Trinity Church, a timber structure, was built upon it during the reign of Frode, King of Jutland, around 900.[10]

17th-18th centuries

During the wars of the 17th century, it is probable that the city suffered in a significant way. Fortifications still exist south of the city as a reminder of the German imperial campaigns between 1627 and 1629. In 1644, Sweden taxed the city harshly and between 1657 and 1659, it was occupied by Swedish troops on several occasions.

In spite of these and other misfortunes, such as plague and city-wide fires, Aarhus was still quite a significant city in Denmark due to its favourable geographical position which was of significant importance for trading. Trade came mainly from the inland of Jutland but also from Norway, Lübeck, Amsterdam, England, France and Spain. In the middle of the 18th century the trade fleet consisted of approximately 100 ships.

19th century

In the 19th century, the city gained more independence from the dominance of Copenhagen and Hamburg. While it had been the third largest city in Jutland during the early 19th century, its population surpassed Randers in 1840 and in 1850, Ålborg, thus becoming the largest city in Jutland and the second largest in Denmark.

The city's material prosperity continued to increase as the harbour expanded and the railway network grew. Culturally, it marketed itself as the "Capital of Jutland" and expanded many of its cultural institutions like the national library, universities, the Aarhus Theatre and hospitals.

Main sights

Århus Domkirke; begun in the 12th C., restored in Gothic architectural style

Demographics

More than 300,000 people live within the city limits of Aarhus,[11] while an additional 500,000 live in the surrounding local area of the East Jutland region. Aarhus is also a major part of the larger East Jutland metropolitan area with 1,200,000 inhabitants, which makes East Jutland the second most-populated area in Denmark, after the Copenhagen area.[12][13]

Aarhus is divided into several districts and suburbs with its own postal code (Postdistrikter).

Districts (boroughs) inside the 2nd city beltway:

65,000 of the population of Aarhus are under 18 years of age. Aarhus has been growing at a steady rate of about 1% per year since 1950, when the city had about 150,000 inhabitants. The University of Aarhus estimates an increase of around 20,000 more students in the next six years, with attendant concerns over a lack of housing. In response, the city council has already initiated a large range of building projects in order to house some 100,000 new citizens before 2030 so the city population will rise to almost 400,000 inhabitants.

The population of Aarhus is both younger and better-educated than the national average,[13] which is often attributed to the high concentration of educational institutions and facilities in the area.

Nearly 12% of the population are immigrants, which is high for Denmark, but modest when compared to some other European cities. The largest immigrant groups (January 1, 2008) are Lebanese (4,644), Turks (4,089), Somalis (3,476), Iraqis (3,140), Vietnamese (2,382), and Iranians (2,199). These groups live mainly in the western parts of Aarhus, where the Gellerup area is famous for its high concentration of immigrants (88%, 2006). The vast majority of the immigrants in Gellerup are Arabs, Turks and Somalis. Other large immigrant groups in Aarhus include Germans (1,573), Poles (1,555), Norwegians (1,050), Afghans (958), and Britons (763).

Culture

The Old Town open air museum; one of two museums in the area, and four in Denmark, with open air displays of period architecture. See The Old Town, Aarhus

Aarhus is a centre for education on the peninsula of Jutland drawing students from a large area, especially from the western and southern parts of the peninsula. The relatively large influx of young people and students creates a natural base for cultural activities and there are many cafes and restaurants as well as discothèques, cinemas, museums, amusement parks and various other venues of entertainment. Each year the town hosts several festivals and concerts including Aarhus International Jazz Festival and Aarhus Festuge the biggest festival in Scandinavia. The Vestereng park facility is also a site for large popular music concerts.

One major tourist attraction in Aarhus is The Old Town (Danish: Den Gamle By), which is not actually an old part of the city itself, but a collection of historic Danish buildings gathered from all around the country. The city also hosts the Tivoli Friheden amusement park as well as the Deer Park situated in the large nearby public forest.

The iconic late Viking Age Mask Stone found in Aarhus, housed at the Moesgård Museum.

Architecturally impressive sights include the 13th century cathedral in the centre of the city; Århus Domkirke is the tallest cathedral in Denmark, as well as the second tallest in Northern Europe, being only 45 cm (18 in) shorter than its counterpart in Trondheim. The Aarhus City Hall is a uniquely designed building drawn by renowned architect Arne Jacobsen, located in the city centre. The city hall is included in the national educational canon for culture as an example of important architectural work.

There are many museums scattered around the city with ARoS being the newest and largest featuring daily exhibits of contemporary art. Other museums include Aarhus Kunstbygning also featuring mostly contemporary art, Frihedsmuseet focusing on the occupation and resistance movement during World War II and Kvindemuseet mainly showcasing feminist history and culture.

Being a comparably large Danish city, Aarhus has received a fair share of immigrants from various other cultures and is as such also home to one of the few ghettos in Denmark, Gellerup. The international cultures present in the community are an obvious and visible part of the city's daily life and contribute to many cultural flavours uncommon for the North, such as the Arabic themed Bazar West, a market with shopkeepers predominantly of foreign descent.

The city has an active and visible gay and lesbian community which the city officially attempts to promote and nurture.[14] The Aarhus Festuge festival usually includes several exhibits, concerts or events specifically designed for these communities. There are several clubs, discos and cafes aimed at gays and lesbians: Danish D-lite (sports), G bar(disco) or Gaia Vandreklub (hiking club) are a few examples.

It is common for tourist brochures and local politicians to refer to the town with the tongue-in-cheek slogan "The world's smallest big city"[15] reflecting the fact that the city has everything a city needs despite not being a metropolis like London. Another popular, and perhaps better known, phrase to describe the city is "City of Smiles" - a slogan first coined by the city council in the 1930s as an advertising slogan, and which subsequently is used widely in popular culture today.

Sports

In the southern-Aarhus Marselisborg Park, the sports center named Atletion is located comprises athletics, the football NRGi Park and the indoor sports NRGi Arena. Several sport clubs have their home ground in Atletion, including Aarhus Gymnastikforening, the Danish superliga football team, and Aarhus GF handball team, the 1960 European Cup runner-up. Although basketball is a minor sport in Denmark, Aarhus is considered the main Danish hub of the sport, with the local team Bakken Bears being the most successful team in Denmark for the past decade.

Aarhus (and especially Atletion) has served or will serve as the host of many sport events in recent years including:

Education

The town is home to the University of Aarhus, Aarhus School of Business, Aarhus Technical College, The Danish School of Journalism, the Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus, VIA University College and the Engineering College of Aarhus and several other high-end education centres. It is possible to receive higher education in many areas, from engineering and dentistry to language and theology.

The University of Aarhus has approximately 40,000 students in the city and 30,000 students at the university with approximately 5,000 new students per year.[16]

Politics

The city council consists of 31 members elected for 4-year terms. Anybody eligible to vote and residing in Aarhus municipality can run for a seat on the city council. After elections have determined the members of the city council, the council elects a mayor, 2 deputy mayors and 5 councilmen.[17] The current Mayor of Aarhus is Nicolai Wammen of the Social Democrats elected by the city council after the 2009 municipal elections.

The city is divided into 6 minor administrative bodies which together constitute the magistrate led by the mayor and the 5 elected councilmen as political and administrative directors. The 6 magistrate departments of the city are the “Mayor’s Magistrate”, “Social and Employment Magistrate”, “Technology and Environment Magistrate”, “Health and Social Magistrate”, “Culture and Service Magistrate” and “Children and Youth Magistrate” and handle all the day-to-day operations of the city.

Aarhus is the seat of Aarhus Municipality. Until the 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, which replaced the Danish counties with five regions, it was also the seat of Aarhus County, which has now been disbanded in favor of the new Region Midtjylland, its seat located in Viborg.

Aarhus has twinning agreements with Gothenburg, Turku, Bergen, Harbin, Saint Petersburg and Julianehåb; [18] and has a connection with Swansea.

Suburbs

Industry and business

Emma Mærsk, at the time the world's largest container ship, in Aarhus Harbor, 5 September 2006. Aarhus' central location within Denmark facilitates transport throughout the country and beyond

The harbour is one of the largest industrial harbours in Northern Europe and the largest in Denmark. The facilities are very modern and handle approximately 12 million tonnes of cargo (2006) and are therefore among the 100 biggest containerports in the world.[19] Much agricultural produce is exported, while coal and iron are among the chief imports. The harbour itself is maintained by Århus Stevedore Kompagni A/S originally based in Aarhus but currently operating several harbours around the world.

The region is a major producer of agricultural products with many large farms in the outlying districts. Cattle, pork and grain are the main products with a sizable related refinement industry present. Computer and technology heavy industries are mainly focused in the urban areas with an abundance of small and medium sized IT and service companies dotting the city centre.

The Ceres Brewery, part of Royal Unibrew, was originally founded in Aarhus. Royal Unibrew announced the closure of Ceres in 2008.

Famous people

Politics

Science

Sports

Music and culture

References

  1. ^ a b c "Vision Østjylland", Miljøministeriet, 20. august 2008 (Danish), a describtion of the East Jutland metropolitan area
  2. ^ a b BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas database from Statistics Denmark
  3. ^ http://www.aarhuskommune.dk/portal/borger/kort_statistik/aarhus_i_tal
  4. ^ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_urban_areas_in_Denmark_by_population
  5. ^ Bridgwater, W. & Beatrice Aldrich. (1966) The Columbia-Viking Desk Encyclopedia. Columbia University. p. 11.
  6. ^ "Danish Befolkningsforhold i Østjylland, Miljøministeriet, august 2008
  7. ^ Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae 2.4.
  8. ^ Hans Skov, "Aros 700-1000", in: Vikingernes Aros Århus 2005, 15-39.
  9. ^ Gundhild Øeby Nissen, "Runesten", in: Vikingernes Aros Århus 2005, 46-51.
  10. ^ Damm, Annette. Viking Aros (2005) ISBN 87-87334-63-1
  11. ^ Aarhus Kommunes Statistiske Årbog, 2005
  12. ^ Danmarks Statistik 2006a (Danish)
  13. ^ a b Peter Bro, Ph.D.-studerende, M.Sc., Aalborg Universitet, Henrik Harder, Lektor, Ph.D. HD.O MAA, Aalborg Universitet (2007). "Fremtidens Byudvikling i Østjylland" (pdf). http://www.trafikdage.dk/doks/endeligtpaper/tdpaper107.pdf.   (Danish)
  14. ^ Homo i Århus at Aarhus.dk (Danish)
  15. ^ Holiday Djursland and Mols
  16. ^ BESTAND AF STUDERENDE, OKTOBER 2005, Aarhus Universitet, November 21, 2005 (Danish)
  17. ^ Byråd, Aarhus Municipality, July 15, 2003 (Danish)
  18. ^ Århus Kommune: Twinned towns
  19. ^ XII.Godsomsætning, Århus Havn, 2000 (Danish)

External links

Coordinates: 56°09′26″N 10°12′39″E / 56.1572°N 10.2107°E / 56.1572; 10.2107


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Aarhus article)

From Wikitravel

Århus, (pronounced: Oar-Hoos) is the main city on the Jutland peninsula in Denmark. With a population of just over 300,000 people (1,200,000 East Jutland metropolitan area) it also holds the title of Denmark's second largest city.

City Hall
City Hall

Understand

Århus offers an elegant mix of cosmopolitan city and quaint small town charm, with wonderful pubs, restaurants and romantic places. The average age of its inhabitants is among the lowest in Europe. This is mainly because of the large student population.

The tourist office is located just to the left of the main train station. It's called "Visit Aarhus" [1].

Some interesting facts:

  • There are many plans of highrises in Århus, including the future tallest building in Denmark (Lighthouse -142 meters).
  • Århus is part of the East Jutland Metropolitan area, which has the by far fastest growing population in Denmark.
  • Århus has a big, well known cultural festival week, called "Århus Festuge" (Aarhus Festival) [2].
  • Århus has for many years been known as a nesting box for Danish musicians and bands, primarily in main stream pop and rock music.
  • Århus is known as The City of Smiles (da. Smilets By). It probably just started as a slogan to improve the city's image, but it has nevertheless caught on, and has for many years been a common nickname for the city.
  • Århus is also known as The City of Cafés - visit the city and you will soon know why.
  • Tourist Information Office (across from the railway station) pick up the leaflet "Århus - five historical walks". The walks are all really short and you could do them all easily in a day as they are all in the city centre.

Talk

The Danes are reserved towards strangers, but friendly towards tourists, and will normally be happy to give you directions and advice in fluent English.

Get in

By train

Trains run 1-2 times an hour from Copenhagen (København) to Aarhus and takes about three hours. Adult fare is DKK 324, an addition DKK 30 to reserve a seat. Discounts are available for persons 25 years old or younger (if buying a WildCard at the expense of 180 DKK) or older than 65 years. Also, discounts can be obtained by buying Orange Tickets some weeks in advance. Details on DSB's homepage [3].

It is also possible to catch a train to any other part of the Jutland peninsula, or occasionally to Hamburg, though connections are usually bad.

Tickets used in trains are also usable in buses, and if you are travelling from Copenhagen, you can use your ticket for the rest of the day to get around Århus at no extra expense.

By bus

Abildskou [4] operates buses from Copenhagen (Valby Station), Copenhagen Airport, Hamburg Airport and Berlin.

Eurolines [5] operates buses to Hamburg, from where you can continue to any other european city.

By boat

Mols Linien [6] operates ferries to Odden and Kalundborg

By plane

Aarhus Airport, Tirstrup [7] is approx. 45 minutes bus-ride away. Airport buses [8] arrive and leave from Banegårdspladsen in front of the railway station, a one-way ticket costs 90 DKK. Tickets are sold on the bus. Accepted currencies are; Norwegian Crowns, US Dollars, Pounds and Euro. Major Credit Cards are also accepted.

Aarhus airport is serviced by a number of major European airlines; flights from London are serviced also by the low-cost flight provider Ryanair, which has been known to provide fares as low as 1p per(one-way)trip.

Billund Airport [9], with many flight connections, is approx. 90 minutes bus-ride away. Airport buses arrive and leave from Radisson SAS Hotel, a one-way ticket costs 180 DKK. Tickets are sold on the bus. Accepted currencies are; Danish Crowns and Euro. Credit Cards are not accepted.

Get around

The entire city is clean and well organized, making walking an excellent and enjoyable way to get around.

Rent a bike in Bikes4Rent [10] or better yet, borrow a free City Bike, available around in the city. You need to insert a DKK 20 coin, which you get back when leaving the bike in another "bike station" (not available during winter months).

You can buy a cheap Aarhus Pass [11] which covers all bus transport and all the museums.

Bus tickets for travel within the city limits (Århus Kommune limits) are 18 DKK, 9 DKK if you are under 16 years of age [12].

Tickets are also available in 10-trip tickets, that vary in price depending on how far you want to go (115 DKK - 560 DKK (115 - 210 within Århus Limits), cheaper cards are also available for under 16 year olds).

Finally there are tickets that allow you to ride all you want for 30 days, again prices vary depending on how far you want to go.

Taxi

Aarhus Taxa - 89 48 48 48 [13].

Taxamotor Århus - 70 33 83 38 [14].

JetCab (Bike Taxi)- No phone No. [15].

See

Anyone who appreciates seeing European architecture will find many points of interest in the city, not least the Concert Hall ("Musikhuset" from 1982 by Johan Richter), which is located next door to the new art museum ARoS.

Store Torv
Store Torv
Den Gamle By
Den Gamle By
  • ARoS (Aarhus Art Museum), Aros Allé 2, +45 8 730 66 00, [16]. Tu-Su 10-17, except W 10-22. One of Denmark’s largest museums, be sure to check out the '9 Spaces', a maze of black-walled galleries. 90 DKK, under 18's free.  edit
  • Bymuseet, Carl Blochs Gade 20, +45 86 13 28 62, [17]. M-Su 10-17, except W 10-20. The town museum of Århus placed in a very nice modern building. 30 DKK.  edit
  • Den Gamle By (The Old Town), Viborgvej 2, +45 86 12 31 88, [18]. Collection of 75 original Danish buildings dating from 1597 to 1909 moved to create an open-air museum village; there are shops and restaurants, some true to the period.  edit
  • Kvindemuseet (Women's Museum), Domkirkepladsen 5, +45 86 18 64 70, [19]. Tu-Su 10-16, except W 10-20. 40 DKK.  edit
  • Moesgaard Museum, Moesgård Allé 20 (Take bus 6 South), +45 89 42 11 00, [20]. Apr-Oct 10-17, Nov-Mar Tu-Su 10-16. Is a good place to study Danish prehistory, the main attractions are two finds from the Iron Age - the Grauballe Man, the only completely preserved bog body, and the impressive sacrifices of weapons from Illerup Ådal. 60 DKK.  edit
  • Rådhuset (The Town Hall), Rådhuspladsen 2, +45 89 40 20 00‎, [21]. by the famous architect Arne Jacobsen is one of the highlights of Danish architecture. Don't miss the Grisebrønden statue (the well of the pigs) with the drooling and peeing pigs, located in the Town Hall Square.  edit
  • The University Park by C.F.Møller, Kaj Fisker,(buildings) and C. Th. Sørensen (landscape) is another noteworthy piece of architecture. Here you find the State Library, a Natural History Museum [22] and the Steno Museum [23] with collections on science and medicine.
  • Vor Frue Kirke, Vestergade 21, +45 86 12 12 43, [24]. Church with an interesting crypt church in the basement, built about 1060. It is one of the oldest still existing stone churches in Scandinavia, maybe the oldest.  edit
  • Århus Domkirke (Aarhus Cathedral), Domkirkepladsen 2, +45 86 20 54 00, [25]. May-Sep 9.30-16,Oct-Apr 10-15. The beautiful cathedral is over 800 years old, and the longest in Denmark. Next to it, Aarhus Cathedral School is situated, also over 800 years old and the oldest still existing high-school in the world.  edit
  • Århus Kunstbygning, J.M. Mørks Gade 13, +45 86 20 60 50, [26]. Tu-Su 10-17, except W 10-21. Center of contemporary art. 45 DKK.  edit
  • Århus Viking Museum, Skt. Clemens Torv 6, +45 89 42 11 00, [27]. M-F 10-16, except Th 10-17.30. Small viking museum located in the basement of the Nordea Bank next to the cathedral. Free.  edit

Do

For concerts, try The Concert Hall [28], Train[29], Voxhall [30], Gyngen [31], Fatter Eskil [32], Musikcafeen [33] or Studenterhus Århus [34].

Enjoy one of the many nature offerings, all of which can be reached by foot from the city: Botanisk Have (The Botanical Garden), Universitetsparken (The University Park), Vennelystparken, Riis Skov (Riis Forest) or Havreballe Skov (Havreballe Forest). The beautiful 8 km. stretch of forest south of the city is equally suited for a hike, especially the old forest around the Moesgård Museum and Skovmøllen (Forest Mill). The Brabrand Lake is ideal for biking and rollerskating, as there are 10 km of flat paths without any car traffic.

Theatre & Cinema

For independent and european cinema, visit Øst for Paradis [35]. For mainstream movies, visit Cinemaxx [36] in Bruuns Galleri, Biocity [37] opposite from the train station or Metropol [38] in Trøjborg.

  • Aarhus Studenternes Filmklub, Ny Munkegade 1530, +45 86 12 74 88, [39]. The filmclub of the Aarhus University, but open for everyone. 60 DKK.  edit
  • Slagtehal 3, Mejlgade 50, [40]. is your choice, if you're into horror movies, movies every Thursday 50 DKK.  edit
  • Aarhus Theater, Teatergaden, +45 89 33 23 00, [41]. The city's main theater  edit
  • Tivoli Friheden, Skovbrynet 5, +45 86 14 73 00, [42]. 11-23 (varies greatly). Amusement park is located south of the center. Check opening days in the webpage. Also featuring concerts. 65 DKK / All-ride ticket 130 DKK.  edit
  • Jysk Væddeløbsbane, Observatorievejen 2, +45 86 14 25 11, [43]. Go watch a horse race 40 DKK.  edit
  • RaceHall, Hasselager Centervej 30, +45 86 28 01 70, [44]. Go for a gokart race in what they claim is the largest indoor Race track in Europe 310-580 DKK.  edit
  • Århus Skøjtehal, Gøteborg Alle 9, +45 86 10 42 19, [45]. Ice skating is possible during the winter in Århus Skøjtehal, or outside the Concert Hall. 37 DKK.  edit
  • Huset (The House), Vestrbros Torv 1-3, +45 86 76 20 00, [46]. M-Th 9-21,F 9-16. You can make your own artworks in the free ateliers in this activity center  edit
  • There are many colleges and schools of higher education in the city, the biggest of which is Aarhus University [47] (Da. Aarhus Universitet), with around 35.000 students, also including the Aarhus School of Business [48]. This means that the city is crowded with students.
  • Learn Danish in the Universitys Danish Courses [49] or in the LærDansk [50].
Strøget
Strøget
  • There is a pedestrian shopping street (Strøget), highlighted by upscale Scandinavian clothing shops and Salling and Magasin department stores.
  • Bruun's Galleri [51] Located next to the railway station. The biggest city mall in Denmark with 95 shops and a cinema. (there are plans of expanding Bruun's Galleri over the traintracks running next to it).
  • "The Latin Quarter" - so called by the locals - is the shopping district north of Store Torv between Guldsmedgade and Mejlgade. Here you will find the small 'independent' shops and some of the city's oldest cafés.

Eat

There are hundreds of restaurants in Århus, reaching from cheap kebab joints, to high-class dining. Århus is generally known as one of the best places to eat in Denmark, probably due to the strong competition. However, the best places are not necessarily located on the most prominent addresses, so a bit of browsing is recommended. You could also try Åen - walk down "the river" in the city center, there are lots of restaurants and cafes with high standard.

The locals regularly frequent the many cafés when going out for a meal. Besides being the best option for breakfast, brunch and lunch, most cafés serve excellent home made burgers, salads, sandwiches, soups and snacks at reasonable prices.

  • Casa Mia, Tordenskjoldsgade 12, [52]. Nice and cosy italian restaurant serving simple and tasty pizzas and pasta dishes. Enjoy the food at the restaurant, or have it as take away. Pizza about 60 DKK.  edit
  • Havnens Perle, Sverigesgade 1A, +45 86 13 22 56, [53]. Located at the habour. This place has been awarded the best danish barbecue restaurant in Aarhus. Enjoy a fresh made burger, hotdogs or a traditional danish meal with pork, potatoes and loads of cream sauce. A main meal is around 68 DKK and they serve more roadhouse-style food than restaurant - ensure you check out the website before making the trip out there.  edit
  • Restaurant Koch, Pakkerivej 2, +45 86 18 64 00, [54]. in the harbour has only one menu at DKK 1000. Open Thursday and Friday night only  edit
  • Restaurant Seafood, Marselisborg Havnevej 44, +45 86 18 56 55, [55]. Located at the marina they serve, as the name suggests, seafood. The food is photo-worthy when served and tastes equally as good. The menu even comes with a translation page in case you're not familiar with Danish, although it's easier to just get the waiter to translate for you!  edit
  • Latin Brasserie and Creperie, Klostergade 2, +45 86 13 78 12. located on a corner in the Latin Quarter. They serve good mussels with handcut chips.  edit
  • Mackies's Cantina (Mackie's Pizza), Sct. Clemens Torv 9, +45 86 12 36 61, [56]. nice restaurant and café, known for introducing pizza eating without knife and fork, into Århus. Pretty cheap prices.  edit
  • Mefisto, Volden 28, +45 86 13 18 13, [57]. A simple cafe with great food. The menu includes seafood, tapas, meat. Mains from DKK 170.  edit
  • Schweizer Bageriet, M.P. Bruuns Gade 56. Located up the hill south of the railway station. A tasty bakery full of danish delights - perfect for breakfast, although you'll have to find your coffee elsewhere.  edit
  • Sidebar, Skolegade 21 (behind the Aarhus Theater), 86 13 72 00, [58]. Innovative 'food for sharing' features food from around the world. International environment and world-class service. Kitchen open until midnight.  edit
  • Skovmøllen, Skovmøllevej 51, +45 86 27 12 14, [59]. Eat your lunch in an old watermill in the forest, then stroll along the stream, running through a beech forest down to the beach.  edit
  • Valhalla, Åboulevarden 35, +45 86 13 27 47, [60]. located under the bridge beneath the main pedestrian street Strøget. You can enjoy a 1 hour all you can eat buffet feast which includes food, drinks (including pulling your own beers), and dessert for around DKK 150.  edit
Århus river
Århus river

Aarhus's large student population fuels a lively nightlife. There is a robust nightlife for those who are looking for a night on the town. Århus can deliver everything from big mainstream clubs to small alternative hangouts playing niche music.

Prices for food and drink are higher than in other parts of Europe, especially near the river (Å in Danish). The favorite local beers are Tuborg, Carlsberg and Ceres (which is brewed approximately 1km away from most of the clubs!)

  • Train [61], Toldbodgade 6. Could be called Århus' main club. Don't miss 'Kupe' [62]next door for the pre-party. Beer 45kr.
  • Essens [63], moving to new location, new name, May 2008. Absolutely best cocktails in town - cool and ambient atmosphere. Exceptional dj-lineup playing electronic music every Friday and Saturday.
  • Fidel's [64]. Cocktail bar.
  • Klubben, Fuglesangs Alle 1. "Probably the best bar in Denmark" - if you can get in. It's only for students from the Business School (It's IN the school), but guest tickets are obtainable. Every Thursday there's a crazy party with beautiful girls, hip music and cheap beer.
  • Social Club [65], Klostergade 34. Biggest and best student club in Århus. Inside there are two separate discos and a nice arrangement of dance floors. They are very strict on the Student ID so don't forget it. Furthermore, "Happy hour" at Social Club can be very happy indeed - they serve free beer from 23:00-24:00. If you're lucky enough that it's your birthday that night, they will give you a free bottle of vodka and sodas. Beer 40kr (After happy hour), Drinks 45kr for a double.
  • Sams Bar [66], Klostergade 28. If you don’t get in to Social Club, go to this neighboring club. Beer 40kr.
  • Heidis Bier Bar [67], Klostergade 34.
  • Herr Bartels [68], Åboulevarden 46. Longest bar in town, serving the best drinks in town. Nice atmosphere, nice crowd and drinks for 50kr a piece is considered cheap. Recommended.
  • VoxHall [69], Vester Alle 15. Basically a concert hall, with a good, tightly planned concert schedule. Tickets are usually bought at the door, but if you're going to a major concert, buy before-hand!
  • Gaz station [70], Åboulevarden 21. Start the night in one of the cafés on the opposite side of the club.
  • Bodega Kurts Mor, Fredens Torv 7. Beer 20kr.
  • Flintstone [71], Rosenkrantzgade 20. A small but cozy pub not far from the main walking street. Nice and friendly staff! Beer 35kr
  • Bridgewater [72], Åboulevarden 22. Biggest sports bar in town. Good atmosphere and lots of people even if there's no game. Beer 20kr (More on Saturdays).
  • Castenskiold [73], Åboulevarden 32. sunny cafe during the day and sizzling bar at night, sleek design and creative cocktails, has become something of a clubhouse for city's design and fashion elite.
  • Musikcaféen [74], Mejlgade 53.
  • Broen [75], Nordhavnsgade 20. Club on a boat.
  • Hos Anders [76], Frederiksgade 25. Beer 20kr.
  • Jacobs [77], Vestergade 3. Expensive, centrally located, pretty average.
  • Blender [78] Århus' gay club.
  • Waxies [79], Frederiksgade 16.
  • Römer [80], Åboulevarden 50. Very good club with blasting tunes. Recommended! Beer 40kr. Drinks 45kr.
  • Sherlock Holmes [81], Frederiksgade 76. Nice big pub with only-English speaking staff.
  • Den Sidste [82], Paradisgade 9. Literally "The last one" in Danish. Fills up when other clubs close up. Beer 20kr.
  • Die kleine Bierstube [83]. Nice German bar.
  • Thorups Kælder [84] is the city’s oldest basement, reputedly built in the 13th century by Cistercian monks. Today you can enjoy a drink or two in this basement bar where you can almost hear the rustling sound of the monks’ habits sweeping across the floor.
  • RIS RAS filliongongong [85], Mejlgade 24. Also just known as Ris Ras, this cozy and alternative bar offers a great variety of beers, rums and... Hookahs! When the tiny bar gets packed, you can find more secluded - but not less cozy - rooms in the basement.
  • Sidebar, Skolegade 21 (behind the Aarhus Theater), 86137200, [86]. 16:00-03:00. Sophisticated ambience featuring the best cocktails in town. Denmarks largest drink offering. Friendly service and welcoming environment.  edit

Sleep

Prices for hotels are higher than in other parts of Europe. There is a youth hostel, but it is not very fancy

  • Danhostel [87] - The youth hostel is in the forest about 3 km north of town. Can be reached by bus.
  • City Sleep-in [88] - Homeless shelter that doubles as hostel in Havnegade in the center 5 min from the train station. Functional but rather spartan, and definitely not clean. Dormitory from 18 Euro, but you don't have to pay just use the backdoor, metaldoor located 20m to the right of main entrance.

If you do decide to spend the night don't hesitate but try the suicide room number 21.

  • Cab Inn [89] - Right in the center between the Church and Åen. Rooms go from €71 (single) to €103 (triples). The rooms are quite small but a TV and private shower and toilet are included. Two stars
  • Blommehaven Camping [90] - Camp site in the beautiful Marselisborg Forest, 5 km south of the city center. Can be reached with bus number 6 and 19 straight to the site.
  • Århus Camping [91] - Camp site, 4 km north of Århus
  • Hotel Guldsmeden Aarhus [92] - Small hotel situated in the old town in the very heart of Aarhus. Two stars.
  • Comfort Hotel Atlantic. The Comfort Hotel Atlantic is set in a modern building with views across the picturesque harbor and the city of Aarhus in Denmark. Three stars.
  • Hotel Mercur [93]. Hotel Mercur in Viby Aarhus occupies a modern tower situated just outside the city center, near the main approach roads to the city, 500 meters from the E45 motorway. Three stars.
  • Hotel Villa Provence [94] A small French oasis bursting with an almost private atmosphere and character, right in the heart of Aarhus. Three stars.
  • Hotel Ritz [95] Best Western hotel, just next to the train station. Three stars.
  • Plaza Aarhus Scandic [96]. The Scandic Plaza Aarhus is a modern hotel set in the town's pedestrianised shopping area, two kilometres from the old town. Three stars.
  • Scandic Aarhus [97]. Built in 1989, the Scandic Aarhus is a six-storey hotel, located two kilometres from the Old Town and four kilometres from the city center and train station. Aarhus Tirstrup Airport is 50km from the hotel, with an approximate driving time of 45 minutes. Three stars.
  • Hotel Oasia [98] Århus newest hotel, opened June 2008, furnitured with Nordic design.
  • Hotel Royal [99]. Luxury hotel situated in the centre of Aarhus. Four stars.
  • Radisson SAS Scandinavia Hotel Arhus [100]. The sleek Radisson SAS Scandinavia Hotel with its minimal brick exterior, is in Aarhus's Margrethepladsen, next to the concert hall and less than one kilometer from the city center. Four stars.
  • Helnan Marselis Hotel [101]. The monumental Helnan Marselis waterfront hotel was designed by Danish architects Friis and Molkte and completed in 1967. Four stars.
  • Havnehotellet [102]. A clean hotel right on the marina. The hotel is unmanned and so check-in is done on a computer. The marina is a nice place to sit and watch the sunset with a bottle of wine from the vending machine! (no mini-bars) and is only a 5 minute walk from the main city centre, although you can catch the bus if you want. There are a couple of restaurants and an ice-cream shop there so you don't have to leave the marina if you don't want to.
  • Badeanstalten Spanien, Spanien 1, +45 86 13 25 77, [103]. M-F 7-21,Sa 7-17,Su 9-17. Hot spot for the city's gay community, has an indoor pool, steambaths and saunas. Many children in the pool in weekends. 37-60 DKK.  edit
  • Århus Svømmestadion, F Vestergaardsgade 3, +45 86 12 86 44, [104]. is a better option than Badeanstalten Spanien, if what you want to do is actually to swim. 37 DKK.  edit
  • Germany (Consul Finn Prang-Andersen), Havnegade 4, +45 86 18 25 88.  edit
  • Italy (Consul Henning Holmen Møller), Lille Torv 6, +45 86 12 14 00.  edit
  • Japan (Consul-General Jørgen E. Handberg), Dalgas Avenue 57, +45 86 18 03 22.  edit
  • Netherlands (Consul Søren Lund), Sct. Clemens Stræde 7, +45 86 12 50 00.  edit
  • Norway (Consul Heine Bach), Store Torv 1, +45 89 33 36 19.  edit
  • Spain (c/o CFJE), Olof Palmes Allé 11, +45 86 19 02 22.  edit
  • United Kingdom (Consul Claus Herluf), Skolegade 19 B, +45 87 30 77 77.  edit
  • Århus is surrounded by beautiful beech forests; take a walk in Marselisborgskoven or in the deer park.
  • As a coastal city, there are many beaches to walk - just remember warm clothes October through early April. There are history trails from Moesgaard Museum right down to the water, with reconstructed stone age, iron age and viking houses and tombs, rune stones etc.
  • The local soccer team AGF, plays their home games at Atletion [105], which can hold around 21.000 in attendance. If you're a soccer fan, don't miss a home game (Played on Saturdays or Sundays) as the atmosphere is amazing during game night!
  • Djurs Sommerland [106], amusement park has Denmarks largest rollercoaster. Can be reached with buses 121, 122 and 123 in 1h15m. Discount if buying your entrance ticket in the bus (you only pay DKK 20,- extra for the bustrip there and back).
  • Ebeltoft is a quaint little town about an hour bus ride away. You can catch bus 123 with a day ticket costing DKK 125 (note that you can use this to also get out to the airport if arriving/leaving the same day). It has one main cobblestone street lined with shops and cafes and you can visit the glass museum (it has a mirror room that you can walk in!) or the world's longest wooden ship. The actual bus ride there takes you through some lovely green hilly countryside too. Just make sure you get off at the station called Ebeltoft C rather than waiting till the end of the line which is the Ebeltoft bus station... unless you enjoy a bit of a walk which one could say is a nice way to view the residential streets one wouldn't normally have done!
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!
Routes through Aarhus
AalborgRanders  N noframe S  SkanderborgKolding

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Danish

Proper noun

Århus

  1. Aarhus, a Danish port city, on the central east coast of the main peninsula Jutland.
  2. The Danish county of which it is the capital.
  3. The former Catholic bishopric of which it was the see.







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