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Élisabeth Guigou

Assumed office 
19 June 2002
Preceded by Véronique Neiertz

In office
18 October 2000 – 5 May 2002
Preceded by Martine Aubry
Succeeded by François Fillon

In office
4 June 1997 – 1 October 2000
Preceded by Jacques Toubon
Succeeded by Marylise Lebranchu

French Deputy Minister for European Affairs
In office
3 October 1990 – 29 March 1993
Preceded by Édith Cresson
Succeeded by Alain Lamassoure

Member of the European Parliament
for France
In office
19 July 1994 – 5 July 1997

Born 6 August 1946 (1946-08-06) (age 63)
Marrakesh, Morocco
Political party Socialist
Spouse(s) Jean-Louis Guigou
Alma mater ENA

Élisabeth Guigou (born Élisabeth Vallier, 6 August 1946, Marrakesh, Morocco) is a French Socialist politician.


After attending ENA, France's elite graduate school of public affairs, she worked on Jacques Delors' staff in 1982 before being hired by Hubert Védrine in François Mitterrand's . She was appointed Secretary-General of the Interminsterial Committee on European Economical Matters in 1986 during the period of cohabitation.

She first got a taste of front-line politics when she was appointed Minister of Eureopean Affairs (1990-1993), during the campaign on the Maastricht Treaty, before she was elected to the European Parliament in 1994. During 1994-1995 she was member of the Tindemans group.

In 1997, she was elected to the National Assembly in the Vaucluse département and entered incoming Prime Minister Lionel Jospin's cabinet, as Minister of Justice (1997-2000) and then as Minister of Employment (2000-2002).

She failed to be elected Mayor of Avignon and, facing possible defeat in her district, got nominated as a candidate for the National Assembly in 2002 in the heavily left-wing département of Seine-Saint-Denis. She was re-elected in 2007.

She is a founding chairwoman and co-president with Jean-Noël Jeanneney of Europartenaires, a group linking business interests with the European Union. She has also created a lobby group called Femmes d'Europe (Women of Europe) and sits on the board of directors of Jacques Delors's foundation Notre Europe (Our Europe). She campaigned for the Yes in the referendum on the 2005 Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe.

She is the spouse of Jean-Louis Guigou, a professor of economics, former technical adviser to Michel Rocard and civil servant. They have one child.

Political career

Governmental function

Minister of Employment and Solidarity : 2000-2002.

Keeper of the seals, Minister of Justice : 1997-2000.

Minister of European Affairs : 1990-1993.

Electoral mandates

European Parliament

Member of the European Parliament : 1994-1997 (Became minister in 1997, and elected in parliamentary elections). Elected in 1994.

Member of the National Assembly of France for Seine-Saint-Denis : Since 2002. Elected in 2002, reelected in 2007.

Member of the National Assembly of France for Vaucluse : Elected in 1997 (Became minister in 1997).

Regional Council

Regional councillor of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur : 1992-2001 (Resignation). Reelected in 1998.

Municipal Council

Deputy-mayor of Noisy-le-Sec : Since 2008.

Municipal councillor of Noisy-le-Sec : Since 2008.


Political offices
Preceded by
Jacques Toubon
Minister of Justice
Succeeded by
Marylise Lebranchu


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