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Félix Édouard Justin Émile Borel

Émile Borel
Born 7 January 1871(1871-01-07)
Saint-Affrique, France
Died 3 February 1956 (aged 85)
Paris, France
Occupation Mathematician, Politician

Félix Édouard Justin Émile Borel (7 January 1871 – 3 February 1956)[1] was a French mathematician[2] and politician.

Borel was born in in Saint-Affrique, Aveyron. Along with René-Louis Baire and Henri Lebesgue, he was among the pioneers of measure theory and its application to probability theory. The concept of a Borel set is named in his honor. One of his books on probability introduced the amusing thought experiment that entered popular culture under the name infinite monkey theorem or the like. He also published a number of research papers on game theory.

In 1913 and 1914 he bridged the gap between hyperbolic geometry and special relativity with expository work.

In the 1920s, 1930s, and 1940s he was active in politics. From 1924 to 1936, he was a member of the French National Assembly. In 1925, he was Minister of Marine. During the Second World War he was a member of the French Resistance.

Borel died in Paris in 1956.

Besides a crater on the Moon, the following entities are named after him:


  1. ^ May, Kenneth (1970–80). "Borel, Émile". Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 302-305. ISBN 0684101149.  
  2. ^ Emile Borel's biography - Université Lille Nord de France

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote


Félix Édouard Justin Émile Borel (7 January 18713 February 1956) was a French mathematician and politician, originator of the Infinite monkey theorem.


  • Quels que soient les progrès des connaissances humaines, il y aura toujours place pour l'ignorance et par suite pour le hasard et la probabilité.
    • Whatever the progress of human knowledge, there will always be room for ignorance, hence for chance and probability.
      • Emile Borel (1914). Le hasard. Librairie Félix Alcan. p. 12-13.  

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