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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Î, î (i-circumflex) is a letter in the Kurdish, Turkish and Romanian languages. This letter also appears in French, Welsh and Walon language as a variant of letter “i”.

Contents

Usage in various languages

Kurdish

Î is the 12th letter of the Kurdish Kurmanji alphabet and represents /iː/.

Romanian

Î is the 12th letter of the Romanian alphabet and represents /ɨ/. This sound is also represented in Romanian as letter â.

Italian

Î is a variant of I in Italian. It should be used when forming the plural of male nouns ending in "-io", to avoid placing the stress on the wrong syllable. Example: "principio" /prin'tʃipjo/ (principle) has the plural "principî" /prin'tʃipi/ , while "principe" /'printʃipe/ (prince) has "principi" /'printʃipi/ as plural. However, the usage of Î in Italian is rapidly decreasing; most Italians write "principi" for the plurals of both "principio" and "principe".

Other usage

In mathematics

  • The letter \mathbf{\hat{\boldsymbol{\imath}}} is sometimes used to denote a unit vector in mathematics.

Character mappings

Charset Unicode ISO 8859-1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16
Majuscule Î U+00CE CE
Minuscule î U+00EE EE
Ascii î Alt+140

See also

External links

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter I with diacritics
Letters using circumflex accent

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Basic Latin alphabet
 AaBbCcDd 
EeFfGgHhIiJj
KkLlMmNnOoPp
QqRrSsTtUuVv
 WwXxYyZz 

I is the ninth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its English name (pronounced /aɪ/) is spelled i.

Contents

History

Egyptian hieroglyph ˁ Proto-Semitic Y Phoenician Y Etruscan I Greek Iota Old Turkic ı/i
D36

In Semitic, the letter Yôdh was probably originally a pictogram for an arm with hand, derived from a similar hieroglyph that had the value of a voiced pharyngeal fricative (/ʕ/) in Egyptian, but was reassigned to /j/ (as in English "yes") by Semites, because their word for "arm" began with that sound. This letter could also be used for the vowel sound /i/, mainly in foreign words.

The Greeks adopted a form of this Phoenician yodh as their letter iota (Ι, ι). It stood for the vowel /i/, the same as in the Old Italic alphabet. In Latin (as in Modern Greek), it was also used for the consonant sound of /j/. The modern letter J was originally a variation of this letter, and both were interchangeably used for both the vowel and the consonant, only coming to be differentiated in the 16th century.

In modern English, I represents different sounds, mainly a "long" diphthong /aɪ/, that developed from Middle English /iː/ after the Great Vowel Shift of the 15th century, as well as the "short", open /ɪ/ as in "bill". The dot over the lowercase 'i' is sometimes called a tittle. In the Turkish alphabet, dotted and dotless I are considered separate letters and both have uppercase (I, İ) and lowercase (ı, i) forms.

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of I
NATO phonetic Morse code
India ··
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode, the capital I is codepoint U+0049 and the lower case i is U+0069.

The ASCII code for capital I is 73 and for lowercase i is 105; or in binary 01001001 and 01101001, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital I is 201 and for lowercase i is 137.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "I" and "i" for upper and lower case, respectively.

See also

References

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter I with diacritics
ÍíÌìĬĭÎîǏǐÏïḮḯĨĩĮįĪīỈỉȈȉȊȋỊịḬḭƗɨİi
Two-letter combinations
IaIbIcIdIeIfIgIhIiIjIkIlImInIoIpIqIrIsItIuIvIwIxIyIz
IAIBICIDIEIFIGIHIIIJIKILIMINIOIPIQIRISITIUIVIWIXIYIZ
Letter-digit & Digit-letter combinations
   I0I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9    0I1I2I3I4I5I6I7I8I9I   

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

The Latin script
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Variations of letter I

Íí Ìì Ĭĭ Îî Ǐǐ Ïï Ḯḯ Ĩĩ Įį Īī Ỉỉ Ȉȉ Ȋȋ Ḭḭ Ɨɨ İi Iı ɪ IJij IJij

Letters using circumflex accent

Letter

Î upper case (lower case î)

  1. The letter I with a circumflex accent.

Romanian

Pronunciation

  • IPA: [ ɨ . din . i ]

Letter

Î (capital, lowercase î)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the phoneme /ɨ/. Preceded by I and followed by J.

Usage notes

Î is used at the beginnings and ends of words, while  (which has the same pronunciation) is used only within words. (As such, in its capital form, the letter  is only seen within words that are completely capitalized, e.g. ROMÂNIA). Î is still used when forming negative past participles and gerunds (e.g. neînţeles, not neânţeles, although the latter can be found in some sources)


Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

I is the ninth (number 9) letter in the English alphabet.

In English, I is a pronoun which means "me".

Meanings for I








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