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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Österreichische Bundesbahnen
Type Government-owned corporation
Founded 1923
Headquarters Vienna, Austria
Area served Austria
Industry Transport
Products passenger transport and freight transport
Operating income €513.6 million
Net income €42.3 million
System length
Österreichische Bundesbahnen
Locale Austria
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) (standard gauge)
Electrification 15 kV, 16⅔ Hz Overhead line
Length 5,700 km (3,541.8 mi)
Headquarters Vienna
Locale Austria
Track gauge 760 mm (2 ft 5+78 in)
old ÖBB Logo
ÖBB announcement in German and English by Chris Lohner
Current ÖBB announcement
Older ÖBB announcement
The various logos of the ÖBB over time, starting with the oldest, which is a classic "flying wheel" as used in different variants by many railway companies around the world...
...a more modern one introduced in the 1970s...
... to the latest one, where the shape of the initial Ö is suggestive of the power/on/off symbol now used on many electronic devices.
Interior of an ÖBB regional passenger car

The Austrian Federal Railways (German: Österreichische Bundesbahnen, ÖBB) is the national railway system of Austria. Additionally it administers Liechtenstein's railway system.

The ÖBB is the successor to the Bundesbahn Österreich (BBÖ, Federal Railway of Austria) which was incorporated into the Deutsche Reichsbahn between 1938 and 1945.



  • 1882 – Gradual nationalisation of the railway network of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy into the Imperial Royal Austrian State Railways (Kaiserlich-königliche österreichische Staatsbahnen).
  • 1923 – Foundation of the independent, commercial enterprise, the Austrian Federal Railways (Österreichische Bundesbahnen) which used the abbreviation BBÖ, because ÖBB was already taken by the Swiss Oensingen-Balsthal-Bahn.
  • 1938 – The Anschluss of Austria into the German Empire. The BBÖ was taken over by the Deutsche Reichsbahn. During the Second World War about 41 % of the Austrian railway network was destroyed.
  • 1947 – The ÖBB (by that time the Swiss private railway used the abbreviation SP for its goods wagons in international traffic, so its the abbreviation ÖBB could now be appropriated) was reformed as a state-owned company. Its infrastructure was rebuilt and electrification was accelerated.
  • 1969 – A new federal railway law was enacted. The ÖBB became a non-independent, economic entity, that was run as a branch of the government's industrial programme and remained entirely within the Federal budget.
  • 1992 – The ÖBB was broken out of the Federal budget and turned into company with its own legal status (a cross between a GmbH and an AG in Austrian commercial terms). The company is 100 % owned by the Republic of Austria. This change had two primary aims: 1. It had to conform to EU rules on the admission of Austria into the European Union. 2. The financial demand on the public purse was to be reduced as a result of improvements in efficiency and the pressure of competition.
  • 2004 – The ÖBB was reorganised into ÖBB Holding AG and a number of operating subsidiaries. The holding company was to oversee the operations of the companies assigned to it, coordinate a coherent strategic approach and allocate tasks for the whole enterprise.[1]
  • 1 January 2005 – The subsidiaries of ÖBB-Holding AG became autonomous and independent operationally. See below.

The Austrian rail system is largely electrified. Electrification of the system began in 1912 but did not reach an advanced state until the 1950s. The last steam locomotive in regular service on the standard gauge network was retired in 1978.

The post-war laws related to the Austrian railways were the:

  • Eisenbahngesetz (EisbG 1957),
  • Schieneninfrastrukturfinanzierungsgesetz (SCHIG 1999),
  • Eisenbahnhochleistungsstreckengesetz (HIG 1999) and
  • Bundesbahngesetz (1992).

Current structure

On 1 January 2005 a new organisation structure was put in place, which is consolidated by a single shareholder, namely the Republic of Austria.[2]

ÖBB-Holding AG (a holding company which gives a strategic overview of the railway)

  • ÖBB-Dienstleistungs GmbH
  • ÖBB-Infrastruktur Bau AG (Infrastructure planning, management, and construction)
    • Brenner Eisenbahn GmbH
    • ÖBB-Immobilienmanagement GmbH
  • ÖBB-Infrastruktur Betrieb AG (Maintenance of railway lines, stations, and infrastructure)
  • ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG (Passenger transport)
  • Rail Cargo Austria AG (Freight transport)

Subsidiary companies of ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG and Rail Cargo Austria AG are:

  • ÖBB-Traktion GmbH (provision of locomotives)
  • ÖBB-Technische Services GmbH (technical services)

The business units are based on the separation of sales and infrastructure.

Österreichische Bundesbahnen
Sales Infrastructure
Passenger transport Network
Freight transport Tracks
Traction Signal-/System technology
Technical services Telekom
Power plants Energy network
Facility management Planning/Engineering
Facility management


According to the Annual Report 2007, the company employs 42,893, thereof 9,273 employees, 32,299 tenured employees and 1,321 apprentices. In 2007, ÖBB-Personenverkehr AG carried 447 million passengers of which 238 million were bus passengers. [3]

The ÖBB has

  • 5,700 km (3,500 route miles); 57% electrified
  • 1,230 locomotives.
  • 3,136 passenger vehicles
  • 220 Electrical Multiple Unit
  • 145 Diesel Multiple Unit
  • ÖBB's bus services travel 52,500,000 km (32,621,988 mi) per year.

Principal Lines

Rail links to adjacent countries

See also

Other railways in Austria


  1. ^ ÖBB-Holding AG: Aufgaben
  2. ^ ÖBB-Holding AG: new organizational divisions
  3. ^ Annual Report 2007 statistic data
  4. ^ Described by the operator, Linz AG Linien In German


External links

OBB may refer to:

  • Oriented bounding box, a type of bounding volume used in computer geometry.
  • Österreichische Bundesbahnen (Austrian Federal Railways).
  • OTC Bulletin Board, a regulated quotation service for stocks that are not listed on one of the major U.S. stock exchanges.

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