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Östergötland
Map
The provinces of Sweden with Östergötland highlighted
Coat of Arms
Land Götaland
Main corresponding county Östergötland County
Indigenous dialect(s) {{{dialects}}}
Area 9,987 km²
Flower Cornflower
Animal Mute swan

Östergötland is a one of the traditional provinces of Sweden (landskap in Swedish) in the south of Sweden. It borders Småland, Västergötland, Närke, Södermanland, and the Baltic Sea. In older English literature one may also encounter the Latinized version Ostrogothia.

Contents

Administration

The provinces of Sweden serve no administrative functions. However, the corresponding administrative county, Östergötland County covers the entire province and parts of neighbouring provinces.

Heraldry

From 1560 Östergötland was represented with two separate arms until 1884 when the current one was granted. The arms is represented with a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Gules a Griffin with Dragon Wings, Tail and Tongue rampant Or armed, beaked, langued and membered Azure between four Roses Argent."

Geography

Typical Östgöta plains

From west to east, in the middle parts, extends the Östgöta Plain (Östgöta-slätten). It is largely agricultural. In the southern part of the province, the terrain becomes marked by the south-Swedish highlands, with hills and countless lakes. The northern parts are also hilly, and are otherwise dominated by forests.

Outside the eastern shore of Östergötland lies an archipelago, the islands and islets of which cover an area of 118 km². The Bråviken bay continues further into the country. Some of the more notable islands are Korsö, Gränsö, Arkö, Djursö, Yxnö, Finnö, Emtö, Fångö and Stora Ålö.

Traditionally, the region is divided into two halves, east and west of the river Stångån (Östanstång and Västanstång respectively), which flows from the south into lake Roxen at Linköping.

The eastern part of Göta Canal traverses the province from the Baltic sea at Mem to lake Vättern at Motala.

  • Highest mountain: Stenabohöjden 327 meters
  • Largest lake: Vättern (Second largest lake of Sweden)
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Towns

The Palace in Finspång

Cities and the year of their now defunct royal charter.

Today, the largest city in the province is Linköping, with Norrköping second. Skänninge is of virtually no importance; Vadstena is also small. Additional towns without a royal charter that have emerged in the 20th century are Finspång and Åtvidaberg.

History

The church tower at Bjälbo.

The earliest mention of Östergötland (the Ostrogoths of Scandza) appears in the Getica by the Goth scholar Jordanes.

The traditions of Östergötland date back into the viking age, the undocumented Iron Age, and earlier, when this region had its own laws and kings (see Geatish kings and Wulfings). It is said that the famous viking warrior Beowulf may likely have been from what is now the Östergötland region. The region kept its own laws, the Östgötalagen, into the Middle Ages. Östergötland belonged to the Christian heartland of late Iron Age and early medieval Sweden. The Sverker and Bjälbo dynasties played pivotal roles in the consolidation of Sweden.

The province has about 50,000 ancient remains of different kinds. 1,749 are for instance grave fields.

Industry was formerly most significant in the cities of Norrköping (industries include Ericsson), Linköping (where SAAB have aircraft factories where the Gripen fighter is produced) Finspång (metal works), and Motala (mechanical industries).

Dukes of Östergötland

Swedish Princes have been created Dukes of various provinces. In English, the title "Duke of Östergötland" is sometimes given as Duke of Ostrogothia. This is solely a nominal title.

Culture

Local accents

Formerly the östgöta [IPA: øɧːøta or øɧœːta] dialect spectrum were considered true göta dialects, but is nowadays considered being a transition area between true göta dialects and svea dialects. The dialects are still used in rural areas, but in the cities, the Standard Swedish is spoken with a certain östgöta accent. The accent Östgötska [IPA: øɧːøtska] can be distinguished from Standard Swedish just by accent and pronunciation of vowels ad sje- and tje- sounds, which makes Östgöta accent an eastern variety of the Götaland accent. In some parts bordering to Södermanland, a variety of the Svealand accent is spoken.

Sights

The Provincial Musem in Linköping

In Östergötland several older churches are still standing and many castles and palaces are open to the public. Ekenäs Castle, one of the best preserved renaissance castles in Sweden, has belonged to the families Sture and Banér. Löfstad Castle has its origin in the early 17th century, having belonged to the von Fersen family. Vadstena Castle, built by the Royal Vasa dynasty 1545–1620, is a combined fortress and renaissance castle.

Vreta Abbey was the first convent to be established in Sweden, dating from the early 12th century, while Vadstena Abbey was the dominant convent in Medieval Sweden. Notable is also the ruins of the Alvastra Abbey near mountain Omberg and Lake Tåkern.

The cathedral in Linköping is the second largest church in Sweden and is very well-preserved from the Middle Age.

The Göta Canal crosses the province East-West with several locks and the Kinda Canal connects the lakes in the southern parts of the province with the central plains.

Övralid Manor was the last home of Nobel Prize laureate Verner von Heidenstam 1925-1940.

There are several museums in all parts of the province, for example the Swedish Broadcasting Museum, Swedish Air Force Museum, Sancta Birgitta Convent Museum, Museum of Work and the Motala Motor Museum.

Hundreds

The Hundreds of Sweden were jurisdictional divisions in effect until early 20th century.

See also

References

  • Nordisk Familjebok, see below

External links

Coordinates: 58°25′N 15°45′E / 58.417°N 15.75°E / 58.417; 15.75


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Scandinavia : Sweden : Götaland : Östergötland

Östergötland [1] is a province in the Götaland region in Sweden.

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