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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ğ, or ğ, is a letter, known as g-breve in English, used in the Turkish, Azerbaijani, Berber, Crimean Tatar and Tatar languages. The unicode code point is U+011E for the capital letter and U+011F for the small letter.


Turkish use

In Turkish, the ğ is known as yumuşak ge 'soft g' and is the ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet. When articulated it sounds similar to a soft guttural r, or otherwise may just lengthen the preceding vowel, which normally does not appear in Turkish when the ğ is absent. For example, dağ (mountain) is pronounced like [da:], yağ (oil) is pronounced like [ja:]. The ğ must be located after a vowel and can therefore not be the initial letter of a word. When found after the vowels e or i, the ğ is pronounced like—but not same as—[j], and after o, ö, u, or ü, it adds a w-glide. Also when found between two vowels, it is sometimes pronounced like -but not same as- [j]'. Sometimes g is used incorrectly. In rare cases, the phonetic ɣ (gamma) or the Greek letter γ is used. Some webpages may also use Ð and ð due to improper encoding; see Turkish characters for the reasons of this.

Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar and Tatar use

In Azerbaijani, Crimean Tatar and Tatar, ğ is pronounced gh ([ʁ]), a voiced uvular fricative. The Ğ is used as an initial letter in Crimean Tatar and Tatar only. For example, Ğabdulla is the Tatar way of writing the Arabic name ʿAbdullah. (In the Tatar language, the Arabic letters ʿayn (ع) and ghayn (غ) were both borrowed as ğ.)

Ğ in words

Turkish Reading in English Meaning in English
dağ dagh mountain
ağaç ughach tree
kuğu qughu swan
boğaz baughaz strait
fotoğraf photoghraph photograph

See also

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter G with diacritics
Letters using breve sign

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary




Ğ upper case (lower case ğ)

  1. The letter G with a breve.



Ğ (upper case, lower case ğ)

  1. The 10th letter of the Azeri alphabet, preceded by g and followed by h, and representing /ɣ/.



EB1911A-pict1.png This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this word, please add it to the page as described here.
Particularly: “how/why was this particular diacritic chosen for Turkish "غ"?”


Ğ (upper case, lower case ğ)

  1. The 9th letter of the Turkish alphabet, preceded by g and followed by h, for pronunciation see [1]

See also

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

G is the 7th (number 7) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for G

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