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Basic Latin alphabet

N is the fourteenth letter in the basic modern Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /ɛn/) is spelled en.[1]


History of the forms

One of the most common snake hieroglyph was used in Egyptian writing to stand for a sound like English "J", because the Egyptian word for "snake" was djet. It is speculated that Semitic people working in Egypt adapted hieroglyphics to create the first alphabet, and that they used the same snake symbol to represent N, because their word for "snake" may have begun with that sound. However, the name for the letter in the Phoenician, Hebrew, Aramaic and Arabic alphabets is nun, which means "fish" in some of these languages. The sound value of the letter was /n/—as in Greek, Etruscan, Latin and all modern languages.

Egyptian hieroglyph for 'J' Proto-Semitic N Phoenician N Etruscan N Greek Nu


N represents the dental or alveolar nasal in virtually all languages that use the Latin alphabet. A common digraph with is , which represents a velar nasal in a variety of languages, usually positioned word-finally in English. In languages like Italian and French, represents a palatal nasal (/ɲ/). The Portuguese spelling for this sound is . In English, n is silent when it is preceded by an m, in words like hymn (although it is pronounced in words such as damnation).

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, the lowercase [n] represents the alveolar nasal sound. A small capital [ɴ] represents the uvular nasal.

N is the second-most commonly used consonant in the English language (after T).

Codes for computing

Alternative representations of N
NATO phonetic Morse code
November –·
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital N is codepoint U+004E and the lower case n is U+006E.

The ASCII code for capital N is 78 and for lowercase n is 110; or in binary 01001110 and 01101110, correspondingly.

The EBCDIC code for capital N is 213 and for lowercase n is 149.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "N" and "n" for upper and lower case respectively.

See also

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter N with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


  1. ^ "N" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "en," op. cit.


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary



The Latin script
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Variations of letter N

Ńń Ǹǹ Ňň Ññ Ņņ Ṋṋ Ṉṉ N̈n̈ Ɲɲ Ƞƞ ɳ ȵ ɴ Ŋŋ NJNjnj NJNjnj

Letters using caron sign

Ǎǎ Čč Ďď Ěě Ǧǧ Ȟȟ Ǐǐ J̌ǰ Ǩǩ Ľľ Ňň Ǒǒ Řř Šš Ťť Ǔǔ Žž Ǯǯ DŽDždž


ň lower case (upper case Ň)

  1. The letter n with a caron.



ň (lower case, upper case Ň)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Czech alphabet, after n and before o



Ň ň

  1. The 26th letter of the Slovak alphabet, preceded by N and followed by O, and representing /ɲ/.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

N is the fourteenth (number 14) letter in the English alphabet.

Meanings for N

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