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Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu was born in 1385 and died in 1470 at the age of 85. He was not only the author but also calligrapher and graphic artist of this surgical textbook. He is best known for 3 scientific books: 1. Pharmacognosy, which is mainly a translation of Zahire-i Hazemsahi, but also added his own chapter. 2. Mucerrbname (the experiment book), 3. Cerrahiyyetu-i Haniyye "surgery of the imperial court." He told his students "Keep your compassion separate from your fame and ambition." [1] Born in Amasya, one of the ancient cities of central Anatolia, he was an Ottoman,Turkish surgeon and physician (doctor). He practiced 14 years in Amasya hospital. He is most famous for his surgical book "the earliest paediatric surgical atlas: Cerrahiye-i Ilhaniye." He wrote the book in 1465 in Turkish. It contains pictures and diagrams of paediatric surgical procedures, trials and new techniques. The book contributed many vital and key information and presented several new ideas to surgical literature. His contributions were based from the Greek, Roman, Arabic and Turkish paediatric surgeries. The book includes 4 major parts: Cauterisation techniques, General surgery including paediatric and plastic surgery, Orthopaedics, and Medical preparations innovated by him (Sabuncuoglu). In his manuscript he illustrated and explained numerous surgical techniques, incisions and instruments. It included theoretical and practical points about paediatric surgery. He was one of the first surgeons to utilize and draw on various drainage techniques and materials for neurosurgical procedures in paediatric cases. He also mentioned the importance of the implications of haemorrhage during neurosurgical operations and supposed that contact of cerebrospinal fluid and blood was associated with a extremely lethal outcome. He was a immense advocator of a long post-operative drainage period for prevention of haematoma and infection. Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu was the first person to describe the classical position for gynaecological examination and pointed out the importance of female physicians rather than the midwives which was not at all the case with. There are three original handwritten copies of Sabuncuoglu's book two of which are found in the Istanbul in (the Istanbul national library of faith and the Capa Medical history department. The third copy is in Paris's National library.[2] He lived in the 15th century in Amasya during the early period of the Ottoman Empire. He practiced medicine in Amasya Hospital and at the age of 80 wrote his book. He wrote the first Turkish medical text book. The book (Cerrahiye-i Ilhaniye) consisted of 3 chapters, 191 topics and 472 pages. None of the 3 copies that exist at the moment are complete and they all differ somewhat from one another. Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu operated through the human body well before the advance progress of the sterile technique and modern anaesthesia. He used mandrake root and almond oil for analgesia and general anaesthesia. He discusses surgical and operational anaesthesia and says some patients might resist the anaesthesia, in other words their bodies might reject it and the outcome might not be the same and so he suggest a narcotic medicine called murkid to be set for just in case.[3]

Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu

Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu
Born 1385
Died 1468
Nationality Ottoman
Fields surgeon
physician
Known for surgical atlas

Şerafeddin Sabuncuoğlu (1385–1468) (Ottoman Turkish:شرف الدّین صابونجی اوغلی) was a medieval Ottoman surgeon and physician.

Sabuncuoğlu was the author of the Cerrahiyyetu'l-Haniyye (Imperial Surgery), the first illustrated surgical atlas, and the Mücerrebname (On Attemption).

The Cerrahiyyetu'l-Haniyye (Imperial Surgery) was the first surgical atlas and the last major medical encyclopedia from the Islamic world. Though his work was largely based on Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi's Al-Tasrif, Sabuncuoğlu introduced many innovations of his own. Female surgeons were also illustrated for the first time in the Cerrahiyyetu'l-Haniyye.[4]

References

  1. ^ Sungur, Mukadder . "Anaesthesia and surgery in 15th century in Anatolia: Art and Illustrations of Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu ." Anestezjologia i Ratownictwo 3 (2009): 10-12.Anesthesiology and Rescue Medicine - Poland and the world . Web. 7 Mar. 2010.
  2. ^ Buyukunal, S. N. Cenk, and Nil Sari*. "MuslimHeritage.com - Topics." MuslimHeritage.com - Discover 1000 Years of Missing History. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Mar. 2010. <http://www.muslimheritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=541>.
  3. ^ Basagaoglu, Ibrahim, S Karaca, and Ziya Salihoglu . "Anesthesia techniques in the fifteenth century by Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu ." Anesth Analg102 (2006): 1289-1290.anesthesia-analgesia . Web. 7 Mar. 2010.
  4. ^ G. Bademci (2006), First illustrations of female "Neurosurgeons" in the fifteenth century by Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu, Neurocirugía 17: 162-165.
  • Aygen, Gulsat; Karasu Aykut, Ofluoglu Ali Ender, Pait Glenn, Toplamaoglu Halil (Jan. 2009). "The first Anatolian contribution to treatment of sciatica by Serefeddin Sabuncuoglu in the 15th century". Surgical neurology (United States) 71 (1): 130–3. doi:10.1016/j.surneu.2007.09.007. ISSN 0090-3019. PMID 18291473. 

Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu lived during the fifteenth century in Amasya. During the early period of the Ottoman Empire, Amasya was a center of commerce, culture, and arts. During this period, Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu practiced medicine in Amasya Hospital, which was built in 1308. In 1465, at the age of 80 years, he wrote a book called Cerrahiyet’ül Haniye (Imperial Surgery). This is the first illustrated Turkish-written medical text book, consisting of three chapters, 191 topics, and 412 pages. There are three original handwritten copies, one in Istanbul's Fatih Millet Library, one at the Capa Medical History Department of Istanbul University, and one in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Each copy differs somewhat from the others, and none is complete (2).

External links


Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu lived during the fifteenth century in Amasya. During the early period of the Ottoman Empire, Amasya was a center of commerce, culture, and arts. During this period, Serafeddin Sabuncuoglu practiced medicine in Amasya Hospital, which was built in 1308. In 1465, at the age of 80 years, he wrote a book called Cerrahiyet’ül Haniye (Imperial Surgery). This is the first illustrated Turkish-written medical text book, consisting of three chapters, 191 topics, and 412 pages. There are three original handwritten copies, one in Istanbul's Fatih Millet Library, one at the Capa Medical History Department of Istanbul University, and one in the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Each copy differs somewhat from the others, and none is complete (1).

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