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Šavnik
Шавник
Šavnik is located in Montenegro
Šavnik
Location of Šavnik in Montenegro
Coordinates: 42°57′N 19°06′E / 42.95°N 19.10°E / 42.95; 19.10
Country  Montenegro
Settlements 27
Government
 - Mayor Velimir Perišić (DPS)
 - Ruling party DPS - SDP
Area
 - Total 553 km2 (213.5 sq mi)
Population (2003 census)
 - Total 570
 - Density 5.3/km2 (13.7/sq mi)
 - Municipality 2,947
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 81450
Area code +382 40
ISO 3166-2 code ME-18
Car plates ŠN
Website www.savnik.cg.yu

Šavnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Шавник) is a small town in northern Montenegro. It has a population of 570 (2003 census).

Šavnik is the centre of Šavnik municipality (population 2,947) and unofficial centre of Drobnjaci region, home of the Drobnjaci tribe.

Contents

History

Šavnik is a relatively new settlement, founded in 1861. It was populated by internal migrants from other parts of Montenegro, mostly craftsmen, which were needed by local farmers. The town quickly became a center for the Drobnjaci region, and incorporated a post office, school, primary court, and military post.

Industrialization during the SFRY era mostly bypassed Šavnik, so did any major transit road or rail links, so the economy of town went into stagnation. Population of Šavnik and entire municipality is since in slow but steady decrease. Most of the residents are migrating to Nikšić and southern Montenegro, and Šavnik is often a synonym for a poor and deteriorating town.

The future road Risan - Nikšić - Šavnik - Žabljak, and proximity of Žabljak as a main mountain tourist resort in Montenegro may boost Šavnik's economic prospects.

Population

Šavnik is administrative centre of Šavnik municipality, which has 2,947 residents. The town of Šavnik itself has a population of 570.

Šavnik municipality has the smallest population of all Montenegrin municipalities. The town of Šavnik is also the capital of municipality in Montenegro with fewest residents.

Population of Šavnik:

  • March 3, 1981 - 633
  • March 3, 1991 - 821
  • November 1, 2003 - 570

Ethnic groups (official numbers of 2003 census):

Population of Municipality Šavnik (2003 census):

Transport

Šavnik is situated on a regional road halfway between Nikšić and Žabljak, and it is its only link with the rest of Montenegro.

See also

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