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Šibenik
—  Town  —
Šibenik with the Cathedral of St. James

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Šibenik is located in Croatia
Šibenik
Location of Šibenik within Croatia
Coordinates: 43°44′N 15°55′E / 43.733°N 15.917°E / 43.733; 15.917
Country Croatia
County Šibenik–Knin County
Government
 - Mayor Nedjeljka Klarić (CDU)
Population (2006)[1]
 - Total 51,553
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 22000
Website http://www.sibenik.hr/

Šibenik (Croatian pronunciation: [ˈʃi̩benik]; Italian: Sebenico) is a historic town in Croatia, with population of 51,553 (2001). It is located in central Dalmatia where the river Krka flows into the Adriatic Sea. It is located at 43°44′06″N 15°53′26″E / 43.735°N 15.89056°E / 43.735; 15.89056. Šibenik is a political, educational, transport, industrial and tourist center of Šibenik-Knin county.

Contents

History

Early map of Šibenik by Martino Rota (16th century)

Šibenik was mentioned for the first time under its present name in 1066 in a Charter of the Croatian King Petar Krešimir IV. For a period of time, it was a seat of the Croatian King. For that reason, Šibenik is also called "Krešimirov grad" (Krešimir's city). It is the oldest native Croatian town on the eastern shores of the Adriatic.

Šibenik was given the status of a town and its own diocese in 1298. Excavations of the castle of Saint Michael have since proven that the place was inhabited long before the actual arrival of the Croats. The city, like the rest of Dalmatia, resisted the Venetians up to 1412. The Ottoman Empire started to threaten Šibenik at the end of the 15th century, but they never succeeded in conquering it. In the 16th century, St. Nicholas Fortress was built and, by the 17th century, its fortifications were improved again by the fortresses of St. John (Tanaja) and Šubićevac (Barone).

The fall of the Venetian Republic in 1797 brought Šibenik under the authority of the Habsburg Monarchy. After World War I, Šibenik became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, while during World War II it was occupied by Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. During Allied bombing of the city, the Church of Sveti Nikola (Saint Nicholas) in the Mandalina settlement was destroyed.[2] After WWII it became a part of the SFR Yugoslavia until Croatia declared independence in 1991.

During the Croatian War of Independence (1991–1995), Šibenik was heavily attacked by the Yugoslav National Army and Serbian paramilitary troops. Although under-armed, the nascent Croatian army and the people of Šibenik managed to defend the city. The battle lasted for six days (September 16–22) is often referred to as the "September battle". The bombings damaged numerous buildings and monuments, including the dome of the cathedral and the 1870-built theatre building.

In an August 1995 military operation, Croatian Army defeated the Serb forces and freed the occupied areas, which created the basic conditions for its post-war recovery and allowed the region to continue to develop as the centre of Šibenik-Knin county. Architecturally, the damaged parts of the city have been fully reconstructed.

Main sights

St. James's cathedral

The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St. James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Several successive architects built it completely in stone in the 15th and 16th centuries, both in Gothic and in Renaissance style. The interlocking stone slabs of the Cathedral's roof were damaged when the city was shelled by Serbian forces in 1991. The damage has since been repaired.

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Fortifications in Šibenik

In the town of Šibenik there are four fortresses:

  • St. Nicholas Fortress (Croatian: Tvrđava Sv. Nikole) is a fortress located at sea, at the entrance of Šibenik's port.
  • Tvrđava Sv. Mihovila
  • Tvrđava Sv. Ivana
  • Tvrđava Šubićevac

Natural heritage

  • A couple of kilometers north of the city is the beautiful Krka National Park similar to the more famous Plitvice Lakes National Park. The park is full of breathtaking scenery of waterfalls, flora, fauna as well as historical and archaeological remains.

Culture and events

View of Šibenik

The annual Šibenik International Children's Festival (Međunarodni Dječji Festival) takes place every summer.

The composer Jakov Gotovac founded the city's "Philharmonia Society" in 1922. The composer Franz von Suppé was part of the city's cultural fabric, as he was a native of nearby Split.

Population

Šibenik's town population is estimated to be 37,124 as of 2007.[4] In the 2001 census, population of the town was 37,060 while the population of the municipality was 51,553. The majority of its citizens are Croats, with 94.02% (2001 census).

Utilities

The town of Šibenik was the first city in the world to receive a polyphase system of alternating current. The system supplied 340 street lights and some electrified houses in the town.[citation needed]

International relations

Veranzio's uncle, Antun Vrančić, engraved by Martin Rota

Šibenik is twinned with:

Notable people

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Šibenik article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Balkans : Croatia : Dalmatia : Šibenik

Sibenik is a city in Croatia.

harbourside
harbourside

Get in

By boat: To Kaprije and Žirje with Jadrolinija [1].

Get around

Everywhere in the city is within walking distance.From bus station to the old city takes only five minutes to walk.

Sct James
Sct James
  • Sct James cathedral. free entrance.  edit

Famous Croation basketball player Drazen Petrovic was born in Sibenik. Ask local people to see the house he was born.

Do

The central church in Šibenik, the Cathedral of St. James, is on the UNESCO World Heritage list.

Several successive architects built it completely in stone in the 15th and 16th centuries, both in Gothic and in Renaissance style. The interlocking stone slabs of the Cathedral's roof were damaged when the city was shelled by Serbian forces in 1991. The damage has since been repaired.

View of Šibenik.A couple of kilometers north of the city is the beautiful Krka National Park similar to the more famous Plitvice Lakes National Park. The park is full of breathtaking scenery of waterfalls, flora, fauna as well as historical and archaeological remains.

The annual Šibenik International Children's Festival (Međunarodni Dječji Festival) takes place every summer.

The composer Jakov Gotovac founded the city's "Philharmonia Society" in 1922. The composer Franz von Suppé was part of the city's cultural fabric, as he was a native of nearby Split.

Old city hall
Old city hall

If you are in Šibenik, and looking for place to eat. Kike Pizzeria is worth a visit. (located in the ancient part of the city.)

Sleep

Unfortunately, and surprisingly as well, private accommodation in Sibenik is not as popular as it is in the other cities of Croatia. Few are willing to open their houses to the travellers and no or only a few "sobe-room" signs can be seen at the doors. Eva's home however, which is located in the upper part of the old city, is an alternative with a clean room and good price. Zadarska 37, ask assistance to locate.

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