Štip: Wikis

  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Štip
Штип

Coat of arms
Štip is located in Republic of Macedonia
Štip
Location within Macedonia
Coordinates: 41°44′N 22°11′E / 41.733°N 22.183°E / 41.733; 22.183
Country  Macedonia
Municipality Štip municipality
Founded 1st century AD
Population ()
 - Total 47,796
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 2000
Area code(s) +389 32
Car plates ŠT
Website www.Stip.gov.mk/

Štip (Macedonian: Штип, Mk-Shtip.ogg [ˈʃtip] ) is the largest city in the eastern part of the Macedonia. As of 2002 census, it had a population of about 47,000. Štip serves as a cultural and economic center of eastern part of Macedonia, and is the largest textile production center in the country, as well as the location of one of the public universities, Goce Delčev University of Štip. The city of Štip is the seat of Štip Municipality.

Contents

Geography

Snow-covered Otinja river

Town is located at the intersection of the Lakavica, Ovče Pole, and Kočani valleys. Two rivers pass through Štip, the Bregalnica which is the second largest in Republic of Macedonia and the Otinja which bisects the city center. The hill Isar, with its early medieval fortress on top, dominates the city and provides for the common reference as "The city under the Isar'. The area surrounding the city is suffering from deforestation which is contributing to the temperature extremes, summers being hot and dry with days above 40 °C (104 °F), and winters being cold and snowy (but short) and minimums going to −10 °C (14.0 °F).

The soil is mostly sandy, and has large patches of red soil (Macedonian: Црвеница) which indicates large percentage of Iron in the soil. The geographical area of the city of Štip is bordered by the mountain Plachkovica east, by the Krivolak valley south-east, the estuary of the river Bregalnica in the south-west, and by its alluvial plain in the north [1].

History

St. Nikola Church

Štip (or Astibo/Astibos/Astibus) has its heritage in being the ancient capital of the Paeonian tribe who were situated in the region west of the fertile river Axius basin, around the fifth and fourth centuries BC. The two tribes that lived along the river Astibo, an estuary to the Axius, were the Derrones, named after their god of healing, Darron, and the Laeaeans, who minted their own heavy coins as a sign of their sovereignty following the example of the Greek city-states on Chalkidiki [2] . Although these tribes were heavily weakened by the Persian invasion of 480 BC, led by King Xerxes I, they remained a formidable power and a well-organized people, renowned for the production of their exceptionally heavy coins with emblems including domesticated specimens of the wild aurochs for which Paeonia was also famous. They were absorbed into the Macedonian empire by Alexander I before 360BC [3].

The area itself is first mentioned in the writings of the historian Polien form the 3rd century BC, who talks of a river named Astibo which is presumed to be the river Bregalnica today. Polien also states that the Paeonian emperors were crowned [4] in the vicinity of today's Štip. The first mention in written sources of a settlement in this area is from the time of the Roman emperor Tiberius 14-37 AD, when it is mentioned as an important settlement in the Roman province of Paeonia and the second stop on the Roman road from Stobi to Pautalia[5]

During the second half of the 3rd century BC the barbarian tribes, especially the Goths destroyed much of the northern settlements in the eastern part of the Roman Empire, among which Astibo as well. However, a new settlement - Estipeon - was soon founded on the same site which thrived though the late Roman and the Early Byzantine period[6]. Between the 5th and 6th century AD the joint Slavic and Avar tribes attacks destroyed the Byzantine settlement, and the Slavic tribe of Sagudats permanently settled in this area, and gave the town its current name Štip. During the 10th century, the Saints Cyril and Methodius, after creating the first Slavic alphabet, came to preach to the Slavic tribes in this area before continuing their route to Great Moravia, thus the Slavic population from this area were the first Christians among the Slavs [7]

Štip at the end of the 19th century

Many rulers conquered the area of Štip during the early Middle Ages. The Bulgarian Empire incorporated the area during the rule of Tzar Samuil, however after the Byzantine victory at the Battle of Kleidion it fell again under Byzantium until 1330 when the Serbian king Stefan Dečanski conquered it and incorporated it into the Serbian Empire. Serbian rule lasted only until 1395 when Ottoman Turkey conquered the area, and renamed the city to Ishtib and made it the capital of the local county. There is little information about the development of Štip during Turkish occupation which would continue for the next five centuries, interrupted only during 1689-1690 when the city was liberated by the Austrians for two years. After the Balkan Wars, Štip and the surrounding territory was annexed by the Kingdom of Serbia. Events concerning the Kingdom of Serbia itself meant that Štip would shortly become a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia together with the rest of Vardar Macedonia. On 6 April 1941, when the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was attacked by Nazi-Germany, the city was bombed by German planes which took off from Bulgaria.[8] During the Second World War the Axis-allied Bulgarian forces occupied the city until early September, 1944, after which it was taken by German troops. Štip was retaken by the Bulgarian Army, now part of the anti-Axis coalition, and communist partisans on 8 November 1944. [9] Because of this, Macedonia's modern republic recognises 8 November as 'Liberation Day' in the city and municipality of Štip, it is thus a local holiday (known as a praznik).

Demographics

According to the National Census of 2002 the populations of Štip Municipality breaks down as follows:

Štip municipality Total Macedonians Turks Roma Vlachs Serbs Albanians Bosniaks Others
Total 47796 41670 1272 2195 2074 294 12 11 265
Women 23876 20935 612 1039 981 153 4 6 146
Men 23920 20735 660 1156 1093 144 8 5 119
R.M. (%) 2,36 3,21 1,63 4,07 21,39 0,83 0 0,06 1,26

Economy

Today, Štip is the center of the country’s textile and fashion industry.

Government

The current mayor of Štip is Zoranco Aleksov (Macedonian: Зоранчо Алексов)[10].

Transportation

The public transport is organized in suburban services and inter-city. The suburbs of Babi, Senjak, Prebeg, Makedonka, Kezhovica, etc. are served by a fleet of municipal buses running 7 days a week and connecting several locations in the city center with the suburbs. The inter-city services are provided by the public transportation company "Balkan Ekspres" (Macedonian: Балкан Експрес) which has connections to all cities in Republic of Macedonia as well as some neighboring countries. The train station located in the northern suburb "Zheleznichka" provides links to Kočani in the east, and Veles and Skopje to the west. There is a large fleet of private taxi vehicles in the city, with very competitive prices.

Education

There are numerous pre-school, elementary/primary and middle school institutions in Štip. There are five high/secondary schools, each somewhat specialized in a particular field, according to the educational policy of Republic of Macedonia. The five high schools are as follows:

  • Music High School (Macedonian: Музички Училишен Образовен Центар) - web site
  • Textile Secondary School "Dimitar Mirasčiev" (Macedonian: Државно Средно Текстилно Училиште „Димитар Мирашчиев“)
  • Secondary School for Children with Special Needs — Iskra - web site
  • Medical Secondary School "Jane Sandanski" (Macedonian: Државно Средно Медицинско Училиште) - web site
  • Electro-Technical Secondary School "Kole Nehtenin" (Macedonian: Државно Средно Електротехничко Училиште) - web site
  • Lyceum "Slavčo Stojmenski" (Macedonian: Државна Гимназија „Славчо Стојменски“) - web site

[11]

The city is also the home of one of the four state universities of Republic of Macedonia, the Goce Delčev University of Štip.

Architecture and sights

Statue of Alexander the Great

Štip has a well preserved 14th-century monastery and the ruins of its old castle which keeps a watchful eye on the town from the Isar Hill. The Bezisten, a massive stone building which used to be a closed bazaar (now an art gallery) is a remnant of the Ottoman influence in the city. In the old parts of the town (and especially in Novo Selo) some houses built in the Old Macedonian style of architecture can still be found. The town also boasts the healing powers of the Kežovica mineral spa and with the ruins of the ancient city of Bargala.

Arts and culture

Štip boasts the largest festival of pop music in Republic of Macedonia, called MakFest. It has been held every November in the cultural center, "Aco Šopov", for over two decades. Another large cultural event in Štip is the "Štip Summer of Culture" (Macedonian: Штипско Културно Лето), which is a month long festival held from 1 July to 1 August, since 1987. [12].

Sports and recreation

Štip has three professional football teams, "Bregalnica Stip" which plays in the Macedonian 2nd League, "Astibo" which play in the 3rd League East and "Kezovica" which plays in the regional league.

Media

Štip has many media establishments. The first private television in Macedonia (and also in former Yugoslavia) was founded in Štip by Mr. Mile Kokotov in 1989. It was "TEKO TV", which is not operational any more. The other currently operational local TV stations аrе "TV IRIS" and "TV STAR".

Important radio stations are "Kanal-77", "Radio Štip" Macedonian: Радио Штип and the Roma language radio station "Radio Cherenja" Macedonian: Радио Черења.

Тhe local newspaper is called "Štipski Vesnik" (Macedonian: Штипски Весник).

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Geography of Shtip". 13 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=020105. Retrieved 13 September 2007.  
  2. ^ "Macedonian Coins". 7 September 2007. http://www.macedoniagiftshop.com/ancient_macedonian_coins.html. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  3. ^ Hammond, N. G. L. (1991). The Miracle that was Macedonia. London: Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd. p. 22.  
  4. ^ "Astibo". 7 September 2007. http://www.culture.org.mk/eASTIBO.HTM. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  5. ^ "Stip". 7 September 2007. http://faq.macedonia.org/travel/cities/shtip.html. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  6. ^ "City of Shtip". 7 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=02040202. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  7. ^ "City of Shtip". 7 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=02. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  8. ^ Dnevnik newspaper
  9. ^ "City of Shtip". 7 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=02. Retrieved 7 September 2007.  
  10. ^ "City Mayor". 13 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=0402. Retrieved 13 September 2007.  
  11. ^ "Macedonian High School Portal". 13 September 2007. http://schools.edu.mk/searchsites/high.php?fieldname=Municipality&updown=desc. Retrieved 13 September 2007.  
  12. ^ "Cultural Manifestations". 13 September 2007. http://www.stip.gov.mk/?jazik=1&id=020401. Retrieved 13 September 2007.  

External links

See also


Stip can refer to:

  • Štip, the largest town in the eastern part of the Republic of Macedonia
  • STIP, a local political party run by students occupying seats in the town hall of the Dutch city of Delft.
  • Stipendiary magistrate
  • SINQ Target Irradiation Program
  • Stipulation, an agreement, in American law, made between opposing parties prior to a pending hearing or trial.

Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Štip
Štip

Štip is the largest city in Eastern Macedonia with about 52,000 people. It is an important educational, cultural, and economic center.

Understand

Štip is a very pleasant city that gets fewer tourists than the west, which makes the people nicer and more willing to help than the people in the western part of the country.

Smoking and drinking is allowed in all nightclubs and bars(kafana's) and ciggerettes and alcohol are sold to individuals the age of 18 and over.

If you are not a Macedonian citizen and staying in Štip, it is enforced by law that you must check in the police station that you will be staying in the town.

Get Around

The best ways to get around are by foot or by taxi.

  • St. Bogorodica - this three aisle basilica, with beautiful icons and frescos, was made in 1836 by Andrej Damjanov. The impressive wood carved iconstatis and furnishings are the works of Nikola Damjanov. The church is home to an icon gallery and art objects.
  • The Bezisten (old Turkish market) - it is located the center of the city. It is built of stone, and was built in the 16th or 17th century. Today, it is being used as an art gallery.
Husa Medin-Pahsa Mosque
Husa Medin-Pahsa Mosque
  • Husa Medin-Pasha Mosque - this mosque was built in the 17th century on the remains of a church called St. Ilija. It is located on a hill on the left side of town. Husa Medin Pasha's grave is located right next to the mosque.
  • St. John the Baptist - The church is located on high boulders above the left shore of the River Otinja, near the southeastern town of Stip. Built in the year 1350, the church of St John is decorated with fresco paintings bequeathed by an unknown landowner named Ivanko. Unfortunately, due to damages to the church’s roof, the main frescoes have suffered damage.
  • Kežovica Spa - The temperature of the thermal mineral waters in the spa-resort reaches 620C, and the radioactivity reaches 42,82 moch units. The water is characteristic for its very favorable chemical composition: it contains sodium chloride, sodium sulfate, and sodium oxide. The spa-water is believed to be curative of rheumatism, ankle and nervous system, diabetes, arteriosclerosis, high blood pressure, etc.The unit for physio- therapy, included in the spa-resort, uses the most modern devices and treatment methods and possesses 110 beds. The main spa-resort possesses 40 beds while in the vicinity, there is also the hotel "Astibo" with 130 beds.

Drink

There are dozens upon dozens of bistros/bars aka kafani all over the city, on every corner. They serve all types of alcohol at a cheap price and food with it as well.

  • Hotel Oaza - The finest hotel in Štip and the only one in the center. Tel: 389-390-899
  • Astibo - Tel: 389-394-899
  • Garni - Tel: 389-390-690
  • Izgrev - Tel: 389-394-919
  • Goce Delčev University - is one of four state universities in Macedonia. It was created in 2006, and commenced with its first class of students October 2007.
Bargala
Bargala
  • Bargala - was a fortified Byzantine town constructed between the 4th and 6th centuries. Thanks to archaeological excavations, today we can see a basilica, trade quarters, a water tank, a bath, a forification system, with an impressive main gate, and an infrustructure.
  • Kale Fortress Isar - this fortress is located between Bregalnica and Otinja rivers. Exact records of the time of the construction of the fortress have not been found. Some of the high fortress walls have been preserved. During the middle ages, churches were built on all four sides of the fortress. In 1332, a church was built and dedicated to St. Archangel Michael. The second church, built in 1341, was dedicated to St. Nikola. A few years later, the third church has been preserved in its original form to this day. The last church, dedicated to St. Vasilie, was located on the north side of the fortress. It was built in 1337.
  • St. Holy Savior - is located on the left bank of the Otinja River. It was built in 1369 as the inheritance of the duke, Dimitar. Today, from the old frescos, remain only certain parts representing old prophets, several saints of the synod church, and the beautiful compositions Transfiguration and The Holy Indivisible Trinity.

Stay Safe

When in nightclubs, avoid getting into trouble and if intoxicated avoid losing control. Alot of people tend to mind their own business in nightclubs and if you go around talking to everyone it might seem amusing to the locals at first but it will anger the security guards. The security guards/bouncers in nightclubs have connections to local organized crime elements and have their own way of dealing with unruly clubbers, for example if a fight breaks out and nightclub property is destroyed, the side that was the aggressor is usually physically forced into paying in cash for the damages and if the aggressor does not want to pay, the security guards will break your arms and legs and you'll disappear.

Around or infront of nightclubs there are usually several Romani(Gypsy) kids, generally age 4-6, standing and begging bystanders for change. These kids are usually used for a racket, avoid giving them anything more than a 10 MKD bill and avoid always giving them change as they tend to remember those who give them change frequently and go to them to beg and usually with more determination. There are also some Romani kids and people of older age holding a plastic bag and blowing on it, in that plastic bag there's a powder that smells like spray paint. AVOID THEM. The powder they are blowing on is a local variant drug of a mixture of cocaine and heroin called 'bronza'. Do not be suprised if police officers ignore them and if security guards behave with extreme aggression towards them.

If a fight breaks out in a nightclub, chances are the security guards will get involved. There is also a chance that the special Macedonian police unit the 'Alfi' will get involved. The Alfi do not care for whom they beat on if he or she is innocent or guilty. They are a local police unit made for fighting street criminals and breaking up fights with physical force and violence. They are usually dressed in dark blue t-shirts with a logo insignia on it in yellow and drive around in a blue Wolkswagen Golf 3. They do not carry around handguns. There have been many cases where the Alfi have been abusive --- especially towards minors --- and police brutality is extremely common. There have been many cases of murder by the Alfi going untouched.

Alot of bars(kafani) have members of organized crime elements as customers frequently. Avoid going over to a stranger's table if the stranger seems suspicious or if he is under the influence of alcohol as they may be looking for a fight or are fraudsters who are persuasive in talking people into buying alcohol or food and once they get you intoxicated, they will have you pay a larger portion of the bill even though they will promise to pay it 50-50.

Avoid cheering on fights, this won't make the two sides fight but instead both sides will shift their focus on you. Mind your own business. Alot of fights break out over the stupidest of things and are quickly resolved after several moments of instigating when both sides break up the fight by holding down the individuals and calming them down. If there is lots of loud and aggressive yelling, screaming, insulting and death threats then it is better to leave the space immidietly and NEVER get involved. Just because it may happen to be a fight, it doesn't mean it will end up as a fight would, especially if there are objects around to be used as weapons such as glass bottles, chairs and tables, be sure they will be used and flying around all over the place.

Do not be alarmed if glasses are shattered by being slammed on the ground as this is a cultural thing, especially when one male individual is intoxicated and there is live music, usually folk, turbofolk or chalga playing. This practice is quite common for males of all ages.

Do not look directly at younger members(teenagers and 20 year olds) of the Romani population as religion is a touchy thing and there is tension between the Macedonian(Orthodox) and Romani(Muslim) population in Štip.

Avoid certain nightclubs out of the center or bars in the rural places, especially if danger is felt in the athmosphere. It is common in all of Eastern Macedonia that walking into a certain nightclub or bar the first time, nightclubs and bars usually populated by people living in the rural parts of the country, to start fights just because you're an outsider, they don't know you or they don't like you or if you look, dress, talk or act differently. The phenomenon is called 'Talibanska Sema' aka 'Taliban style party' and it involves the myth of younger generations/mostly youth pulling out guns, bombs and swords for the reasons above.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Singular
Štip

Plural
-

Štip

  1. A city in eastern Republic of Macedonia.

Translations

Anagrams








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message