Žilina: Wikis

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Žilina
City
Žilina City skyline
Flag
Coat of arms
Country  Slovakia
Region Žilina
District Žilina
Tourism region Horné Považie
Rivers Váh, Rajčanka, Kysuca
Center Andrej Hlinka Square
 - elevation 342 m (1,122 ft)
 - coordinates 49°13′22″N 18°44′24″E / 49.22278°N 18.74°E / 49.22278; 18.74
Area 80.03 km2 (30.9 sq mi)
Population 85,302 (2009-05-31)
 - urban 108,114
 - metro 159,729
Density 1,066 /km2 (2,761 /sq mi)
First mentioned 1069
Mayor Ivan Harman
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 010 01
Area code +421-41
Car plate ZA
Location in Slovakia
Location in Slovakia
Location in the Žilina Region
Location in the Žilina Region
Wikimedia Commons: Žilina
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS
Website: www.zilina.sk

Žilina (About this sound pronunciation ; German: Sillein, Hungarian: Zsolna, names in other languages) is a city in north-western Slovakia, around 200 kilometres (120 mi) from the capital Bratislava. It is the fourth largest city of Slovakia with a population of around 85,000, an important industrial centre, the largest city on the Váh river, and the seat of a kraj (Žilina Region) and of an okres (Žilina District).

Contents

History

The area around today's Žilina was inhabited in the late Stone Age (around 20 000 BC). In the 5th century Slavs started to move into the area. However, the first written reference to Žilina was in 1208 as terra de Selinan. From the second half of the 10th century until 1918, it was part of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In the middle of the 13th century as terra Sylna it was property of the Cseszneky de Milvány family.[1] The city started to develop around year 1300, and according to records in 1312 it was already a town. In 1321, King Charles I made Žilina a free royal town. On 7 May 1381 King Louis I issued Privilegium pro Slavis which made the Slav inhabitants equal to the Germans by allocating half of the seats at the city council to Slavs.[2] The town was burned in 1431 by the Hussites.

During the 17th century Žilina gained position as a centre of manufacturing, trade and education and during the baroque age many monasteries and churches were built as well as the Budatín Castle. In the Revolutions of 1848, Slovak volunteers, part of the Imperial Army, won a battle near the city against Hungarian honveds and gardists.

The city boomed in the second half of the 19th century as new railway tracks were built: the Kassa Oderberg Railway was finished in 1872 and the railway to Pozsony in 1883, and new factories started to spring up, for example the drape-producing factory Slovena (1891) and the Považie chemical works (1892).

It was one of the first municipalities to sign the Martin Declaration (30 October 1918), and until March 1919 it was the seat of the Slovak government. On 6 October 1938, shortly after the Munich Agreement, autonomy of Slovakia within Czechoslovakia was declared in Žilina.

After the Second World War, the city experienced a boom, with many new factories, schools, and housing estates being built. It was the seat of the Žilina Region from 1949-1960 and again since 1996.

Today Žilina is the fourth largest city in Slovakia, the third most important industrial centre and the seat of a university, the Žilinská univerzita (founded in 1953). Since 1990 the historical centre of the city has been largely restored and the city has built trolleybus lines.

Geography

Žilina lies at an altitude of 342 metres (1,122 ft) above sea level and covers an area of 80.03 square kilometres (30.9 sq mi).[3] It is located in the Upper Váh region (Slovak: Horné Považie) at the confluence of three rivers: Váh, flowing from east into south-west, Kysuca, flowing from north and Rajčanka rivers from south, in the Žilina Basin. The city is surrounded by these mountain ranges: Malá Fatra, Súľovské vrchy, Javorníky and Kysucká vrchovina. Protected areas nearby include: Strážov Mountains Protected Landscape Area, Kysuce Protected Landscape Area and Malá Fatra National Park. There are two hydroelectric dams on the Váh river around Žilina: the Žilina dam in the East and the Hričov dam in the West.

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Climate

Žilina lies in the north temperate zone and has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. It is characterized by a significant variation between hot summers and cold, snowy winters. Average temperature in July is 18 °C (64 °F), in January −4 °C (24.8 °F). Average annual rainfall is 650 – 700 mm (25.5–27.5 in), most of the rainfall is in June and in the first half of July. Snow cover lasts from 60 to 80 days per year.

Weather data for Žilina
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 0
(33)
3
(38)
8
(47)
14
(58)
20
(68)
22
(72)
25
(76)
25
(77)
20
(67)
14
(58)
6
(44)
1
(35)
Average low °C (°F) -5
(22)
-5
(23)
-1
(30)
3
(37)
8
(46)
10
(51)
12
(54)
12
(53)
9
(47)
5
(41)
0
(33)
-4
(26)
Precipitation cm (inches) 2.85
(1.12)
2.67
(1.05)
3.10
(1.22)
4.08
(1.61)
4.82
(1.90)
6.99
(2.75)
6.84
(2.69)
5.19
(2.04)
4.74
(1.87)
4.19
(1.65)
3.91
(1.54)
3.42
(1.35)
Source: MSN Weather[4] 2008-01-22

Symbol

The coat-of-arms of Žilina is a golden double-cross (so-called cross of Lorraine) with roots and two golden stars on the olive-green background. The double-cross is of Byzantine origin and stems from Cyrillic-methodic tradition. The coat-of-arms is one of the oldest municipal coat-of-arms not only in Slovakia. It has been used as the city's symbol since 1378.

Demographics

Municipality Urban Metro
Žilina 85,302 85,302
Kysucké Nové Mesto - 16,420
Varín - 3,537
Teplička nad Váhom 3,502 3,502
Belá - 3,361
Rajecké Teplice - 2,950
Rosina 2,925 2,925
Strečno - 2,661
Višnové 2,610 2,610
Divina - 2,483
Dlhé Pole - 2,029
Turie 1,981 1,981
Kamenná Poruba - 1,826
Stráňavy - 1,822
Lietavská Lúčka 1,786 1,786
Rudina - 1,669
Lietavská Svinná - Babkov - 1,596
Dolný Hričov 1,506 1,506
Lietava 1,422 1,422
Radoľa - 1,391
Konská - 1,393
Dolná Tižiná - 1,243
Gbeľany 1,239 1,239
Krasňany 1,223 1,223
Snežnica - 1,013
Svederník 1,003 1,003
Kunerad - 949
Nededza 927 927
Divinka - 882
Lysica - 864
Lutiše - 795
Podhorie - 781
Horný Hričov - 763
Hôrky 635 635
Bitarová 630 630
Ovčiarsko 511 511
Brezany 462 462
Mojš 450 450
Porúbka - 447
Rudina - 384
Nezbudská Lúčka - 366
Total 108,114 159,729

Žilina has a population of 85,302 (as of May 31, 2009), population of urban area: 108,114 and population of metro area: 159,729. According to the 2001 census, 96.9% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.6% Czechs, 0.2% Roma, 0.1% Hungarians and 0.1% Moravians. The religious makeup was 74.9% Roman Catholics, 16.7% people with no religious affiliation, and 3.7% Lutherans.[3]

Economy

Žilina is the main business and industrial hub of the Váh river basin. The biggest employer is the car producer Kia Motors. By 2007, the plant plans to produce 300,000 cars per year and employ around 3000 people. Kia's investment in Žilina amounts to over 1 billion USD. Another big employer is Tento, a paper mill company. Žilina is also seat to some major Slovak companies, particularly from construction sector. According to charts, Žilina is the second richest city in Slovakia, after Bratislava.

Culture and sights

Andrej Hlinka Square
Mariánske námestie with burgher houses

Theatres

There are two theatres in Žilina: the City Theatre [1], and the Puppet Theatre [2]

Museums

There are three museums in Žilina:

  • Považská galéria (Považie gallery)
  • Považské múzeum (Považie museum), in the Budatín castle
  • Múzeum židovskej kultúry (Museum of Jewish culture)

Sights

Budatín Castle

The historical centre of the city, reconstructed in the early 1990s is protected as a city monument reserve (Slovak: Mestská pamiatková rezervácia), It is centred on the Mariánske námestie and Andrej Hlinka squares. The Mariánske námestie square has 106 arcade passages and 44 burgher houses along the whole square.[5] It is dominated by the Church of St. Paul the Apostle, the old building of the city council, and the baroque statue of the Virgin Mary. Nearby is the Church of the Holy Trinity, a sacral building built around 1400, which is since February 2008 the cathedral of the Diocese of Žilina. Other landmarks in and around the city include:

  • Budatín Castle, housing Považie Museum with tinker trade exhibition
  • The wooden Roman Catholic church of St. George in the city part of Trnové (one of the few outside north-eastern Slovakia)
  • The Church of St. Stephen the King, the oldest architectural landmark in Žilina
  • The Orthodox synagogue, which now houses the Museum of Jewish culture

In addition, the city is a starting point for various locations of western and eastern Slovakia, including hiking trails into the Lesser Fatra and Greater Fatra mountains. Other locations of interest include Bojnice Castle, Strečno, Orava region, and the villages of Čičmany and Vlkolínec.

Sport

Football (soccer) club MŠK Žilina plays the top Slovak division Corgoň liga and is one of the most successul teams in recent years having won four time domestic titles in last seven seasons including two runners-up. Home games are played at the Stadium Pod Dubňom which is situated at the edge of city centre in the neighbourhood of ice hockey stadium.

Ice hockey club MsHK Žilina plays in the Slovak Extraliga. They have won one domestic title so far.

Government

Žilina City Council

The city is governed by a mayor (Slovak: primátor) and a city council (Slovak: mestské zastupiteľstvo). The mayor is the head of the city and its chief executive, with the term of office lasting four years. The current mayor, Ivan Harman, was nominated in 2006 by a coalition of the political parties SDKÚ-DS, KDH, SF and OKS. The council is the city's legislative body, with 31 councillors. The last municipal election was held in 2006 and councillors are elected to four-year terms concurrent with the mayor's. Žilina is divided into eight electoral districts, consisting of the following neighbourhoods:[6]

  1. Staré mesto, Hliny I-IV, Hliny VIII (5 councillors)
  2. Hliny V-VII, Bôrik (4 councillors)
  3. Solinky (5 councillors)
  4. Vlčince (6 councillors)
  5. Hájik (3 councillors)
  6. Bytčica, Rosinky, Trnové, Mojšová Lúčka (2 councillors)
  7. Závodie, Bánová, Strážov, Žilinská Lehota (2 councillors)
  8. Budatín, Považský Chlmec, Vranie, Brodno, Zádubnie, Zástranie (3 councillors)

Žilina is the capital of one of eight considerably autonomous Regions of Slovakia.[7] It is also the capital of a smaller district. The Žilina District (Slovak: okres Žilina) is nested within the Žilina Region. The city also hosts a regional branch of National Bank of Slovakia.

Education

former building of Žilina University - Faculty of Nature Science
Memorial dedicated to the Saints Cyril and Methodius, with the Church of the Holy Trinity in the background

The city is home to the University of Žilina, which has seven faculties and has 12,402 students, including 625 doctoral students.[8]

There are 18 public primary schools, one private primary school, and three church primary schools.[9] Overall, they enroll 7,484 pupils.[9] The city's system of secondary education (some middle schools and all high schools) consists of eight gymnasia with 3,514 students,[10] ten specialized high schools with 3,696 students,[11] and nine vocational schools with 4,870 students.[12][13]

Transport

The city is an important international road and rail junction. Railroads and roads connect the city with Bratislava and Prievidza in the south, Čadca in the north, and Martin in the east. The construction of the D1, and D3 motorways and their feeders continues towards Žilina. Žilina is also served by international Žilina Airport, which is some 10 km away from the city centre.

Public transport within the city is operated by DPMZ and consists of buses (since 1949) and trolleybuses (since 1994).

People

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Žilina has several twin towns around the world:[14]

References

  1. ^ Monumenta Hungariae historica
  2. ^ Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. (1995). A history of Slovakia : the struggle for survival. New York: St. Martin’s Press.  
  3. ^ a b "Municipal Statistics". Statistical Office of the Slovak republic. http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html. Retrieved 2007-12-23.  
  4. ^ "Monthly Averages for Žilina, Slovakia". MSN. http://weather.msn.com/monthly_averages.aspx?&wealocations=wc%3a37602&setunit=C. Retrieved 18 January 2008.  
  5. ^ Spectacular Slovakia 2004: Žilina and Northern Slovakia, the Malá Fatra mountains
  6. ^ "Členovia Mestského zastupiteľstva" (in Slovak). http://www.zilina.sk/mesto-zilina-samosprava-mestske-zastupitelstvo-clenovia-zastupitelstva. Retrieved 2007-12-23.  
  7. ^ Brusis, Martin (2002). "Between EU Requirements, Competitive Politics, and National Traditions: Re-creating Regions in the Accession Countries of Central and Eastern Europe". Governance 15 (4): 531–559. doi:10.1111/1468-0491.00200.  
  8. ^ "Žilinská univerzita" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/VS_P28.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  9. ^ a b "Prehľad základných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. 2006. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/ZS_P5.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  10. ^ "Prehľad gymnázií v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/GYM_P5.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  11. ^ "Prehľad stredných odborných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/SOS_P5.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  12. ^ "Prehľad združených stredných škôl v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/ZSS_P5.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  13. ^ "Prehľad stredných odborných učilíšť a učilíšť v školskom roku 2006/2007" (in Slovak) (PDF). Ústav informácií a prognóz školstva. http://www.uips.sk/statis/pdf/SOU_P5.PDF. Retrieved 2008-02-15.  
  14. ^ "Žilina - oficiálne stránky mesta: Partnerské mestá Žiliny [Žilina: Official Partner Cities"]. © 2008 MaM Multimedia, s.r.o... http://www.zilina.sk/mesto-zilina-o-meste-partnerske-mesta. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  
  15. ^ "Bielsko-Biała - Partner Cities". © 2008 Urzędu Miejskiego w Bielsku-Białej.. http://www.um.bielsko.pl/. Retrieved 2008-12-10.  

External links

Žilina travel guide from Wikitravel


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Žilina [1] is a town in northwestern Slovakia with population of over 80,000.

Zilina - main square
Zilina - main square

Understand

Zilina is 5th largest town in Slovakia.

Recently there was a large investment from Kia Motors Company in Zilina. By mid 2007, Kia expect to be producing 300 000 units per year! A large automobile factory is being build in a nearby area and a lot of Kia employees from Korea have moved to Zilina. Because of this, you can find specialized Korean food sections in some larger supermarkets.

Zilina is an important transport junction point linking south (Bratislava, Vienna) with north (Krakow, Warsaw) and east (Kosice, Ukraine) with west (Ostrava, Prague).

Get in

By train

Direct trains from Prague, Warsaw, Moscow, Budapest and Bratislava. Trains can be caught from Bratislava main train station (Bratislava Hlavna Stanica) approximately every one to one and a half hours. The approximate fare for this trip is 10 €.

By bus

Coach services from most of the major Slovak towns. The most comfortable way to get to Zilina is to use Albus Lines. You'll get a comfortable air-conditioned bus that only makes one additional stop between Bratislava and Zilina for only 9 €.

By plane

Czech Airlines provide regular flights to Zilina from Prague (approximately 165 €for return ticket). Transfers can be made from Bratislava airport on the number 61 bus (price 75 eurocent) to Bratislava main train station (Bratislava Hlavna Stanica). After that by train to Zilina.

By car

There are 3 european roads crossing in Zilina. Road E75 from Bratislava to Zilina as highway D1. Road E50 from Brno continues to Kosice as highway D1. Road E442 from Olomouc.

Zilina - main square
Zilina - main square

Take a stroll in the historic centre and admire the old churches. Beautiful mountains around - Mala Fatra.

Learn

To Dance: Tanečná škola Plešinger Závodská cesta 6, 00421 41 7003 173, 00421 650 407 127, http://www.tanecnaskola.sk

Eat

Typical dishes and food products for the region made of sheep cheese:

  • "bryndzové halušky" - pasta with soft sheep cheese
  • "korbáčiky"
  • "parenica"
  • "oštiepok" - smoked sheep cheese, similar to Polish "oscypek"

Budget

An example of just one budget restaurant I visited did a choice of set cooked meals, e.g. Pork escalopes/ a chicken and pasta dish/ a meat and rice dish/ at least three other similar choices, all served with potatoes and vegetable and a drink, all for a very reasonable 4 €. This was available at a pleasant little 'Trattoria' situated close to the Busy Marianske Nam. in the centre of town.

  • Reštaurácia Vix, Sládkovičová 3 (in the corner of square "Marianske namestie"), +421 41 562 6401 (<restaurant@vix.sk>, mobile +421 903 502 177, fax +421 41 562 6431), [2]. Every day 10AM-11PM. Stylish and modern. Video games, casino and billiard upstairs. 3 €-13 €.
  • Voyage Voyage up in the second of the square is very agreeable

Sleep

Almost all Zilina hotels online.

  • Ubytovňa Remy, Závodská cesta 3 (near roundabout called "Rondel"), +421 41 500 4200 (mobile +421 903 640 649), [3]. Non-stop. One of the cheapest accommodation in Zilina. Sk 200-1000.
  • The camping site Varín, Varín (11 kilometers east from Zilina towards [Terchova], road 583) [4]. Summer season from 1st May to 15th October. 2.5 € per person; 2.50 € per tent; bungalows and chalets for 4 to 5 people from 25 € to 36 €.
  • Econohotel garni, V. Spanyola 43 (red building on a hill), +421 41 565 0747 (<recepcia@econohotel.sk>, mobile +421 911 422 008), [5]. Non-stop. 58.5 €/71.5 €-85 €/98 €(Single/Double).
  • Mountain hotel Bartoška, [6]. A mountain resort hotel with its own ski slope, jacuzzi, and sauna.  edit
  • Hotel Slovakia an ex-communist hotel, it is functional and ver nice
  • Penzión *** Anton, Sv. Cyrila a Metoda 830, +421415094499 (, fax: +421415094451), [7]. checkin: nonstop. Comfortable accommodation only 3 km from Žilina in beautifull surrounding. 27 € - 43 €/.  edit
  • Hotel Dubná Skala, Hurbanova 8, +421 41 507 9100 (<hoteldubnaskala@doxx.sk>, fax +421 41 507 9101), [8]. Non-stop. 95 €/115.5 €-119 €/152 €(Single/Double).
  • Palace Hotel Polom, Hviezdoslavova 22 (next to main train station), +421 41 504 8888 (<recepcia@palacehotelpolom.sk>, fax +421 41 504 8333), [9]. Non-stop. 102 €/129 €-129 €/142 € (Single/Double).
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