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IPA – number 182
IPA – text ɕ
IPA – image {{{imagesize}}}
Entity ɕ
Kirshenbaum S;
About this sound Sound sample

The voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages. The symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents this sound is ɕ, and the equivalent X-SAMPA symbol is s\.



alveolo-palatal fricative [ɕ, ʑ]

Features of the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative:


Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Catalan[1] xinxa [ˈɕinʲɕə] 'bedbug' See Catalan phonology
Chinese Mandarin 西安/Xī'ān [ɕi˥ an˥] 'Xi'an' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Mandarin phonology
Chuvash çиçĕм [ˈɕiɕ̬əm] 'lightning' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/.
Danish sjæl [ɕɛːlˀ] 'soul' See Danish phonology
Japanese[2] /shio [ɕio] 'salt' See Japanese phonology
Kabardian щэ [ɕɛ] 'hundred'
Korean 시장/sijang [ɕid͡ʑaŋ] 'market' See Korean phonology
Polish[3] śruba Pl-śruba.ogg [ɕruba] 'screw' Contrasts with /ʂ/ and /s/. See Polish phonology
Russian счастью [ˈɕɕasʲtʲju] 'happiness (dative)' Contrasts with /ʂ/, /s/, and /sʲ/. See Russian phonology
Swedish kjol sv-kjol.ogg [ɕuːl] 'skirt' See Swedish phonology
Tibetan Lhasa dialect བཞི་ [ɕi˨˧] 'four' Contrasts with /ʂ/.

See also



  • Jassem, Wiktor (2003), "Polish", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 33 (1): 103–107 
  • Okada, Hideo (1991), "Phonetic Representation:Japanese", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 21 (2): 94–97 
  • Recasens, Daniel; Pallarès, Maria Dolores (2001), "Coarticulation, Assimilation and Blending in Catalan Consonant Clusters", Journal of Phonetics 29 (3): 273–301 


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


The Latin script
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letters using curl sign

ɕ ȡ ʝ ȴ ȵ ȶ ʑ



  1. The letter c with a curl.
  2. A symbol of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), representing a voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative

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