|List of Cyrillic letters|
Palochka or Páločka (majuscule: Ӏ, minuscule: ӏ, Russian: па́лочка, a stick) is a letter added to the Cyrillic alphabet when used in writing several Caucasian languages, such as Abaza, Adyghe, Avar, Chechen, Dargwa, Ingush, Kabardian, Lak, Lezgian and Tabassaran.
Palochka usually has no independent phonetic value, but is used to modify the reading of a preceding letter. It signals that a preceding consonant is an ejective. Example from the Avar language: кӀалъазе (pronounced [kʼaˈɬaze]) to speak. In some of the languages that use the palochka (Adyghe, Kabardian, Chechen, Ingush), it also functions as the glottal stop. Example from the Kabardian language: елъэӀуащ ([jaɬaˈʔʷaːɕ]), he asked her for something. In Chechen, it represents the voiced pharyngeal fricative (ʕ).
It looks exactly like uppercase Latin letter I and uppercase Ukrainian I. The minuscule form of palochka was not encoded until Unicode 5.0. As of 2004, palochka is still not present in standard keyboard layouts or common fonts, and so cannot be easily entered or reliably displayed on many computer systems. It is usually replaced with Latin letters I or l, or sometimes (in chats or forums, for example) even with the digit 1.
In the days of the mechanical typewriter, this letter was the Roman numeral I, which was included on most Cyrillic typewriters for use in typing dates (e.g., 25.XII.1953 г.).
Ӏ (has no distinct upper- or lowercase forms)
Often the capital Roman letter I or the numeral 1 is used instead of the Ӏ symbol. In some of these languages, such as Chechen, national keyboards still do not provide the Ӏ symbol, and the Roman letter or the numeral are in standard use.