The Full Wiki

More info on Ḍād

Ḍād: Wikis


Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Arabic alphabet
ا    ب    ت    ث    ج    ح
خ    د    ذ    ر    ز    س
ش    ص    ض    ط    ظ    ع
غ    ف    ق    ك    ل
م    ن    ه‍    و    ي
History · Transliteration
Diacritics · Hamza ء
Numerals · Numeration

Ḍād () is one of the six letters the Arabic alphabet added to the twenty-two inherited from the Phoenician alphabet (the others being ṯāʾ, ḫāʾ, ḏāl, ẓāʾ, ġayn). It represents an emphatic voiced alveolar plosive (IPA: [dˤ]), although many speakers of Arabic consider this to be an oversimplification. In name and shape, it is a variant of ṣād. Based on ancient descriptions of this sound, it appears to have represented /ɮˤ/ in Qur'anic Arabic a pharyngealized voiced alveolar lateral fricative (It is said that the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, pronounced it with both sides of his tongue).[1] This is an extremely unusual sound, and led the early Arabic grammarians to describe Arabic as the "language of the Ḍād", since the sound was thought to be unique to Arabic. South Semitic maintained a related grapheme, as South Arabian ḍ ṣ́, and Ge'ez Ṣ́appa , but these represented the original proto-Semitic ṣ́ that became in Arabic (/ṣ́/ merged with /ṣ/ early in Ge'ez but the etymologically correct spellings were kept, though sometimes confused). Its numerical value is 800 (see Abjad numerals).

Ḍād is written in several ways depending in its position in the word:

Position in word: Isolated Initial Medial Final
Form of letter: ض ضـ ـضـ ـض

In some reconstructions of Proto-Semitic phonology, there is an emphatic voiceless alveolar lateral fricative, ṣ́ (IPA: [ɬˁ]), featuring as the direct ancestor of Arabic Ḍād, while merging with ṣād in most other Semitic languages.

See also


DAD is an abbreviation that may refer to:

  • D-A-D, a Danish rock band formerly known as "Disneyland After Dark".
  • Diode array detector.
  • Da Nang International Airport (IATA airport code "DAD"), an airport in central Vietnam serving both civilian and military traffic.
  • Die Another Day, a 2002 motion picture starring Pierce Brosnan.
  • Digital Audio Disc.
  • Disinhibited attachment disorder, psychological disorder in the ICD-10.
  • Duplicate Address Detection, a component of the IPv6 electronic communications protocol. Part of the Neighbor Discovery Protocol (NDP).
  • Designated Advisor for Disclosure is an investment banker or a securities attorney knowledgeable in U.S. securities laws and OTCQX compliance rules.
  • Dark Armed Dragon, a very powerful and sought after card from the Yu-Gi-Oh TCG.

See also

Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address