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(minuscule: ) is a letter of the Latin alphabet, derived from D with the addition of an underline diacritic. It is used, for example, in the transliteration of Biblical Hebrew into the Roman alphabet to show the fricative value of the letter dalet (ד).

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter D with diacritics

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Basic Latin alphabet
  Aa Bb Cc Dd  
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
  Ww Xx Yy Zz  

D is the fourth letter in the Latin alphabet. Its name in English (pronounced /diː/) is spelled dee, plural dees.[1]

Contents

History

Egyptian hieroglyph
d
Proto-Semitic
Dal, Daleth
Phoenician
Daleth
Etruscan
D
Greek
Delta
Roman
D
O31

The Semitic letter Dâlet probably developed from the logogram for a fish or a door. There are various Egyptian hieroglyphs that might have inspired this. In Semitic, Ancient Greek, and Latin, the letter was pronounced /d/; in the Etruscan alphabet the letter was superfluous but still retained (see letter B). Greek letter: Δ (capital) or δ (small) (Delta).[citation needed]

The minuscule (lower-case) form of D consists of a loop and a tall vertical stroke. It developed by gradual variations on the majuscule (capital) form. In handwriting, it was common to start the arc to the left of the vertical stroke, resulting in a serif at the top of the arc. This serif was extended while the rest of the letter was reduced, resulting in an angled stroke and loop. The angled stroke slowly developed into a vertical stroke.

Usage

In most languages using the Latin alphabet, the letter d represents the sound /d/, but in the Vietnamese alphabet it represents the sound /z/ in the north and /j/ in the south. At the end of German words, d represents /t/. In Fijian it stands for the prenasalized stop /nd/. In some languages where voiceless unaspirated stops contrast with voiceless aspirated stops, d represents an unaspirated /t/, while t represents an aspirated /tʰ/. Examples of such languages include Icelandic, Scottish Gaelic, Navajo, and the Pinyin transliteration of Mandarin.

Representations

Alternative representations of D
NATO phonetic Morse code
Delta –··
Signal flag Flag semaphore Braille

In Unicode the capital D is codepoint U+0044 and the lower case d is U+0064.

The ASCII code for capital D is 68 and for lower case d is 100; or in binary 01000100 and 01100100, respectively.

The EBCDIC code for capital D is 196 and for lowercase d is 132.

The numeric character references in HTML and XML are "D" and "d" for upper and lower case, respectively.

In British Sign Language (BSL), the letter 'd' is represented as right hand held with index and thumb extended and slightly curved and tip of thumb and finger held against extended index of left hand.

See also

References

  1. ^ "D" Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edition (1989); Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (1993); "dee", op. cit.
The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter D with diacritics
ĎďḊḋḐḑḌḍḒḓḎḏĐđƉɖƊɗƋƌȡ
Two-letter combinations
Da Db Dc Dd De Df Dg Dh Di Dj Dk Dl Dm Dn Do Dp Dq Dr Ds Dt Du Dv Dw Dx Dy Dz
DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DQ DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY DZ
Letter-digit & Digit-letter combinations
    D0 D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9     0D 1D 2D 3D 4D 5D 6D 7D 8D 9D    

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646



Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Translingual

The Latin script
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Variations of letter D
Letters using macron sign or underline sign

Āā Ǟǟ Ēē Ḡḡ Īī Ōō Ūū Ȳȳ Ǣǣ

Letter

upper case (lower case )

  1. The letter D with an underline.

Simple English

The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

D is the fourth (number 4) letter in the alphabet.

Meanings for D








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