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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Â, â (a-circumflex) is a letter of the Romanian and Vietnamese alphabets. This letter also appears in Croatian, French, Portuguese, Serbian, Slovenian, Frisian, Welsh, Friulian, Turkish, and Walon language as a variant of the letter “a”.


Usage in various languages

Croatian and Serbian

"â" is not a letter in the Croatian and Serbian, but simply an "a" with the circumflex. It is used only occasionally, in order to disambiguate homographs which differ only by length of the vowel. Such situation is most common in (but not excusive to) the genitive case, thus the name "genitive sign" for the circumflex. For example, "Ja sam sâm." (English: I am alone.)


Johan Henrik Schrøter, who translated the Gospel of Matthew into Faroese in 1823, used â to denote a non-syllabic a, as in the following example:

Schrøter 1817 Modern Faroese
Brinhlid situr uj gjiltan Stouli,
Teâ hit veâna Vujv,
Drevur hoon Sjúra eâv Nordlondun
Uj Hildarhaj tiil sujn.
Brynhild situr í gyltum stóli,
tað hitt væna vív,
dregur hon Sjúrða av Norðlondum
í Hildarheið til sín.

 is not used in modern Faroese, however.


 is the 3rd letter of the Romanian alphabet and represents /ɨ/. This sound is also represented in Romanian as letter î.


 is the 3rd letter of the Vietnamese alphabet and represents /ɜ/. In Vietnamese phonology, diacritics can be added to form the following five forms to represent five tones of â.

  • Ầ ầ
  • Ẩ ẩ
  • Ẫ ẫ
  • Ấ ấ
  • Ậ ậ


 is used to soften the letter "A". Such as in "Âdet" (Tradition) "Kâğıt" (Paper).


 is used in the ISO 9:1995 system of Ukrainian transliteration as the letter Я.


 is used for indicating stressed syllables. Its IPA value is /ɐ/ (in Brazilian Portuguese /ɐ͂/ when it is before nasal consonants).


 is used to represent the /ɑː/ sound.

Character mappings

Charset Unicode ISO 8859-1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 14, 15, 16
Majuscule  U+00C2 C2
Minuscule â U+00E2 E2

See also

External links

The Basic modern Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Letter A with diacritics
Letters using circumflex accent

history palaeography derivations diacritics punctuation numerals Unicode list of letters ISO/IEC 646


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary


The Latin script
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
Variations of letter A
Letters using circumflex accent
Letters using grave accent or double grave accent


upper case (lower case )

  1. The letter A with a circumflex and a grave accent.

Simple English

This page is about the first letter in the alphabet.
For the indefinite article, see Article (grammar).
For other uses of A, see A (disambiguation)
The Latin alphabet
Aa Bb Cc Dd
Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj
Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp
Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv
Ww Xx Yy Zz

A is the first letter of the English alphabet. a is a usual symbol for a low central vowel, as in "father"; the English long a (ā) is pronounced as a diphthong of ĕ and y. The corresponding letter of the Greek alphabet is named alpha. Alpha and omega, the last letter of the Greek alphabet, symbolize the beginning and the end. In musical notation the letter A is the symbol of a note in the scale, below B and above G.

  • A is the letter that was formerly used to represent a team in an old TV show, The A Team.
Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

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