-a: Wikis


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Etymology 1

From the homographic case endings of the nominative, accusative, and vocative forms of numerous Latin neuter second declension nouns.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a (plural)

  1. Plural form of -um.
Derived terms
See also
Translations

Etymology 2

Possibly due to the propensity in some non-rhotic dialects to pronounce words ending in -er as if they ended in an -a.

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a

  1. (Geordie) Same as -er in Standard English.
    me fatha was a corka burna doon the shipyard — “My father was a corker burner at the shipyard.”
  2. (slang) Used to replace -er in nouns.
    gangsta — “gangster”
    brotha — “brother”
See also

Croatian

Suffix

-a

  1. Suffix appended to words (usually verbal stems) to create a feminine noun, usually denoting a relation or to form a proper noun.

Dutch

Suffix

-a (plural)

  1. Plural form of -um.

Synonyms


Esperanto

Etymology

From feminine singular adjectives (and nouns) of the Romance languages, such as French ma, Italian mia, Spanish mía, fría.

Suffix

-a

  1. Related to, in the manner of, of. (Ending for all adjectives in Esperanto.)
    belo; bela — “beauty; beautiful”
    dekstro; dekstra — “the right direction (as opposed to left); to the right”
    vero; vera — “truth; true”
  2. Belonging to, of. (Ending for all possessive pronouns in Esperanto.)
    mia — “of me, my”
    via — “of you, your”
    ilia — “of them, their”
  3. -kind of. (Ending of all correlatives of kind in Esperanto.)
    kia — “what kind of
    tia — “that kind of
    nenia — “no kind of

Derived terms


Finnish

Alternative forms

  • (in words with front vowel harmony)

Etymology

Originally the so-called weak suffixal gradation form of the partitive suffix -ta (/ða/ or /ðæ/).

Suffix

-a (in words with back vowel harmony)

  1. (case suffix) Forms the partitive case of nouns, adjectives and some pronouns.

Usage notes

  • This suffix is used after a short vowel or the plural marker -j-.

See also


French

Suffix

-a

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person singular past historic of -er verbs.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-a

  1. his, her, its (third-person singular possessive suffix denoting singular possession)
    ház (house)a háza (his/her/its house)

Usage notes

  • (possessive suffix): Member of the -a/-e/-ja/-je suffix cluster.
    -a is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    -e is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ja is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-.
    -je is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant or a vowel. Final -e changes to -é-.

See also


Icelandic

Suffix

-a

  1. Used to form verbs from nouns.
    sparksparka — a kick → to kick
    mjólkmjólka — milk → to milk
    vonvona — hope → to hope
    ávarpávarpa — an address → to address
    ritrita — a writ → to write
    rassrassa — an ass → to spank (on the ass)

Derived terms

See also

  • -ingi
  • -ari

Ido

Suffix

-a

  1. Ending for all adjectives in Ido.

Italian

Suffix

-a

  1. Used, with a stem, to form the third person singular present tense of -are verbs.
  2. Used, with a stem, to form the second person singular imperative of -are verbs.
  3. Used, with a stem, to form the first person singular, second person singular and third person singular present subjunctive of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert "isc".
  4. Used, with a stem, to form the third person singular imperative of -ere verbs, and of those -ire verbs that do not insert "isc".

Old English

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic *-ō

Suffix

-a

  1. Ending forming adverbs
    hwāra (where); ġilīco (similarly)
    singala (continually, constantly) < singal (continuous)

Etymology 2

Suffix

-a m.

  1. nominative masculine n-stem ending
    nama "name"; scūa "shadow"
  2. used to form masculine agents from verbs
    hunta (hunter)
    ǣta (eater)
Declension
Singular Plural
nominative -a -an
accusative -an -an
genitive -an -ena
dative -an -um

Descendants


Romanian

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin illa.

Suffix

-a f.

  1. (definite article) the (feminine, nominative and accusative)

Usage notes

This form of the definite article is used for feminine nouns in the nominative and accusative cases which end in or in an unstressed vowel:

  • mama < mamă, fem.
  • naţiunea < naţiune, fem.

Related terms

See also


Spanish

Suffix

-a

  1. -ess. (Used to form feminine singular nouns.)
    señor; señora — “gentleman; lady”
    camarero; camarera — “waitor; waitress”
  2. (Used to form the feminine singular adjectives.)
    frío; fría — “cold; cold”
  3. -s. (Used to form the third person singular (also used with usted) present indicative mood of regular -ar verbs.)
    hablar; habla — “to talk; talks”
  4. (Used to form the first and third person singular (also used with usted) singular subjunctive mood of -er and -ir verbs.)
    comer; aunque yo coma — “to eat; even if I ate”
  5. (Used to form the second person singular imperative mood of -ar verbs.)
    hablar; ¡Habla! — “to talk; Talk!”

Derived terms


Swedish

Suffix

-a

  1. (on an positive adjective) Suffix to mark that the corresponding noun is either in plural or in definite singular form
  2. Marker of definiteness for noun plurals ending in -n (fourth declension).
    läten; lätena; "sounds; the sounds"
  3. Used to create new verbs from a noun, in the infinitive.
    disk;, att diska — “dishes; to do the dishes”
    Lås; att låsa en dörr — “lock; to lock a door”

Usage notes

On adjectives 
Traditionally, if the noun is in definite singular form it should not refer to a male human, if it uses the suffix -a. If it refers to such a person, the suffix should instead be -e, but one should note that this rule is not universally adhered to - in particular dialects of northern Sweden does not recognize the -e suffix at all, but use -a in all instances.

Turkish

Alternative forms

  • (after a vowel) -ya, -ye
  • (after a possessive, dative only) -na, -ne
  • (in words with front vowel harmony) -e

Suffix

-a (in words with back vowel harmony)

  1. Used to form the dative case.
    İstanbul’a — “to Istanbul”
    Ankara’ya — “to Ankara”
    İzmir’e — “to Izmir”
    babasına — “to his father”
  2. Used to form gerunds.
    yürüye — “by walking”







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