-an: Wikis


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Latin -ānus, which forms adjectives of belonging or origin from a noun.

Suffix

-an

  1. of or pertaining to; adjective suffix appended to various words, often nouns, to make an adjective form. Often added to words of Latin origin, but used with other words also.
    Rome, Roman
    Minnesota, Minnesotan

Synonyms

Translations


Croatian

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a masculine noun, usually denoting a (often negative) feature or endearment.

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix appended to words to create an adjective.
    • jad + -anjadan (miserable)

See also

  • -ašan
  • -ešan

Finnish

Suffix

-an

  1. (personal) Forms the impersonal indicative present forms of verbs that include back vowels (a, o or u or i or e with a, o or u — cf. -än), appended to the infinitive.
    • No changes in verbs that end in one a.
    juosta + -an -> juostaan
    • Verbs ending in -oa the beginning stem is followed by -ta- and then by this.
    sanoa, stem sano- + -ta- + -an -> sanotaan
    • Verbs ending in -aa or -ea the beginning stem is followed by -eta- and then by this.
    laittaa, stem lait- + -eta- + -an -> laitetaan
    paistaa, stem paist- + -eta- + -an -> paistetaan
    laskea, stem lask- + -eta- + -an -> lasketaan
  2. (case suffix) A suffix variant for the illative singular, see -Vn.
    laiva boat (word includes back vowels, a — cf. -än) -> + -an = laivaan (on)to a/the boat; (in)to a/the boat
  3. (possessive) A variant for the third-person suffix -nsa, see the usage notes below.

Usage notes

  • (third-person possessive suffix variant): When the third-person suffix -nsa is appended to nouns that are in singular and plural inessive, elative, adessive, ablative, essive and abessive and plural partitive and singular partitive ending with -ta, the S and A are very often omitted from the suffix and the last A of the case suffix preceding the remaining N is doubled — resulting in this -an. In standard Finnish, both the "full" form and the shortened form are acceptable (cf. -nsä). This same omission takes very often place also in the nominal verb forms used in shortened sentences (see the meanings of -nsa) and in the adverbs requiring this suffix:
Singular
(parti.) laitettansa -> laitettaan — koiraansa -> -"- (no changes)
(iness.) laitteessansa -> laitteessaan — koirassansa -> koirassaan
(elat.) laitteestansa -> laitteestaan — koirastansa -> koirastaan
(adess.) laitteellansa -> laitteellaan — koirallansa -> koirallaan
(ablat.) laitteeltansa -> laitteeltaan — koiraltansa -> koiraltaan
(ess.) laitteenansa -> laitteenaan — koiranansa -> koiranaan
(abess.) laitteettansa -> laitteettaan — koirattansa -> koirattaan
Plural
(partit.) laitteitansa -> laitteitaan — koiriansa -> koiriaan
(iness.) laitteissansa -> laitteissaan — koirissansa -> koirissaan
(elat.) laitteistansa -> laitteistaan — koiristansa -> koiristaan
(adess.) laitteillansa -> laitteillaan — koirillansa -> koirillaan
(ablat.) laitteiltansa -> laitteiltaan — koiriltansa -> koiriltaan
(ess.) laitteinansa -> laitteinaan — koirinansa -> koirinaan
(abess.) laitteittansa -> laitteittaan — koirittansa -> koirittaan

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Suffix

-an

  1. Added to a back vowel adjective or numeral to create an adverb.
    pontos (accurate)pontosan (accurately)
    hat (six)Hatan mentünk moziba. - Six of us went to the cinema.
    nyolc (eight)Nyolcan vannak a szobában. - There are eight people in the room.
  2. Added to a back vowel stem - often an onomatopoeias - to form a verb expressing an instantaneous action.
    kattan (to click, to make one clicking sound)
    robban (to explode)

Usage notes

  • (adverbial suffix): Member of the suffix cluster -n/-an/-en.
    • -n is added to words ending in a vowel
    • -an is added to back vowel words ending in a consonant
    • -en is added to front vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (verb suffix): Member of the suffix cluster -an/-en.
    • -an is added to back vowel words
    • -en is added to front vowel words

See also


Old English

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *-anan

Suffix

-an

  1. (verbal suffix) used to form the infinitive of most verbs (exceptions are verbs like flēon "to flee" )
    singan "to sing"
    niman "to take"

Scottish Gaelic

Pronunciation

Suffix

-an

  1. A masculine suffix used to form nouns meaning a smaller form of something, often used for male given names.
    1. Cailean, Eòghan, Ailean, Beathan
    2. clàran, clachan, bioran
  2. Used to form regular plurals of nouns.
    1. aibhneachan, coilltean, clachan, damhan, leannanan

Spanish

Suffix

-an

  1. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present indicative of -ar verbs.
  2. Suffix indicating the third-person plural present subjunctive of -er and -ir verbs.
  3. Suffix indicating the third-person plural imperative of -er and -ir verbs.

See also








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