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Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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From Proto-Indo-European *kʷe (and). Cognates include Sanskrit  (ca), Ancient Greek τε (te), Proto-Germanic *-h ( > English (thou)gh).




  1. and (when used as an enclitic), a copulative particle affixed to the word it annexes
    • Catiline Orations by Cicero (Latin text and English translations may be found here)
      Nihil agis, nihil moliris, nihil cogitas quod non ego non modo audiam sed etiam videam planeque sentiam.
      There is nothing you do, nothing you plot, nothing you think about, that I do not that I do not only hear of, but actually see as well and distinctly discern.
    Senatus Populusque Romanus.
    The Senate and the People of Rome.
    Amo Julium agricolamque. Sunt pulchri.
    I love Julius and the farmer. They are handsome.
    Pueris virginibusque.
    For boys and girls.
  2. it can introduce an explanatory clause
  3. (rare) used in an answer:

Usage notes

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