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The Domain Name System of the Internet consists of a set of top-level domains which constitute the root domain of the hierarchical name space and database. In the growth of the Internet, it became desirable to expand the set of initially six generic top-level domains in 1984. As a result new top-level domain names have been proposed for implementation by ICANN. Such proposals included a variety of models ranging from adoption of policies for unrestricted gTLDs that could be registered by anyone for any purpose, to chartered gTLDs for specialized uses by specialized organizations.[1] In October 2000, ICANN published a list of proposals for top-level domain strings it had received.[2]

Contents

Geographic proposals

Language and community

These proposals are centered on creating an independent Internet identity for linguistic and cultural communities. They are mostly inspired by the success of the cat domain created for websites in the Catalan language or about the Catalan culture.

Domain name intended use sponsor year of proposal comments
bzh Breton language and Brittany dot bzh 2006 A campaign has been organized in Brittany to support the request of creation of the .bzh. The campaign's website gives little information about the status of the proposal and the organization behind and mostly holds a petition for the creation of the domain. As of August 2008 there are over 17,000 signatories.
cym Welsh language and Wales dot cym.org 2006 Mentioned in BBC News Online: Wales on the web may become .cym, Adrian Browne, 17 November 2006
eng England dot eng.org 2008 The dotENG.org website was set up by John Sewell of Maidenhead in Berkshire. Mentioned in PC Pro Online: Campaign begins for .eng domain, Stuart Turton, 23 April 2008
gal Galician language and Galicia PuntoGal 2006 Several companies and institutions are involved in this campaign, including the autonomous government, Xunta de Galicia.
lli Leonese language and Leonese culture puntuLLI 2007 Several companies, associations, organisations and institutions are involved in this campaign.
quebec Quebec Pointquebec 2008 The operationpoint-qc.org website is an initiative of Daniel Turp, at that time, a member of the National Assembly of Quebec. [3] Presently Quebec is allocated the subdomain .qc.ca, similar to other Canadian provinces.
scot[4] Scotland, The Scots Community of Interest online, Scottish culture and Scotland's languages dotSCO.org 2005 dotSCO began in late 2005 and has been campaigning to built support for a new TLD from among the Scots community around the world. The campaign was publicly launched at a meeting of the Scottish Parliament's cross-party group on the Scots language by Davie Hutchison and Euan McCreath
ker Cornish language and Cornwall (Kernow) in general Cornish World Magazine[5] 2008
eus Basque language PuntuEus association 2009 University professors, scientifics, several companies and institutions are involved in this campaign, including the autonomous government, Eusko Jaurlaritza and the Basque Language Academy, Euskaltzaindia.
sic[6] Székely Land Pontsic Foundation 2009 pontSIC began in late 2008 and has been campaigning to built support for a new TLD from among the Szekler community around the world. The campaign was started by the Szekler National Council, and now are involved several companies and institutions. As of September 2009 there are over 33,200 signatories.

Children

A top-level domain named kids has been proposed by several entities. As of 2009, none of these proposals have been implemented. Under the United States country code TLD (us) exists a second-level domain kids.us.

Applications for a kids domain have included:

  • Blueberry Hill Communications, Inc., a domain name registration and hosting company in California, submitted a proposal[7] Registry services would be subcontracted to Neustar and Melbourne IT. Registrars are selected under same criteria and process currently imposed by ICANN. This proposal would not rely on objective criteria for categorizing content.
  • DotKids, established in 2000 in Rosemont, Illinois intends to utilize SARAF Software Solutions Inc. for software development of a kids registry. DotKids would deal only with ICANN accredited registrars; content rating information is to be retained in the registry and is to describe ratings for an entire site.[8]
  • ICM Registry, Inc. request the kids and xxx TLDs[9] as an integrated solution for improving child safety on the Internet by implicitly attempting to restrict content across both TLDs and targeting a narrow registrant group. Original intent was a for-profit xxx registry and a non-profit kids registry. The xxx domain of this proposal has since been rejected, largely due to US government objections.
  • .KIDS Domains, Inc.[10] is a California for-profit corporation; the proposed registry operator is Toronto-based domain name registrar Tucows Inc. KIDS would be a restricted TLD. .KIDS Domains therefore does not intend to allow other registrars to register domain names.

The European Parliament has also proposed kid for websites designed for children.[citation needed] It would be monitored by an independent authority.

Technical domain name themes

Specialized and professional topics

See also

References

External links

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