0 Series Shinkansen: Wikis

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0 series
Shinkansen Series0 R67 JNRcolor.jpg
0 series 6-car set at Higashi-Hiroshima Station, April 2008
In service 1 October 1964–14 December 2008
Manufacturer Nippon Sharyo, Kawasaki Sharyo, Kinki Sharyo, Kisha, Hitachi Ltd., Tokyu Car Corporation
Constructed 1963–1986
Number built 3,216 vehicles
Formation 4, 6, 8, 12 or 16 cars per trainset
Capacity 368–1,340[1]
Operator JNR (1964–1987)
JR Central (1987–1999)
JR West (1987–2008)
Depot(s) Tokyo, Shin-Osaka, Hakata
Line(s) served Tōkaidō Shinkansen, Sanyō Shinkansen, Hakata-Minami Line
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 25,000 mm (intermediate cars), 25,150 mm (end cars)
Width 3,383 mm
Height 4,490 mm
Maximum speed 210 km/h (1964–1986)
220 km/h (1986–2008)
Acceleration 1.0 km/h/s (1964–1992)
1.2 km/h/s (1992–2008)
Deceleration 2.84 km/h/s
Electric system(s) 25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead
Safety system(s) ATC
Gauge 1,435 mm

The 0 series (0系 ?) trains were the first Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japan's new Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in 1964.[2] The last remaining trainsets were withdrawn in 2008.

Contents

History

The 0 series (which were not originally classified, as there was no need to distinguish classes of trainset until later) entered service with the start of Tōkaidō Shinkansen operations in October 1964. These units were white with a blue stripe along the windows and another at the bottom of the car body, including the front pilot.

Unlike previous Japanese trains, the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and all subsequent Shinkansen lines were standard gauge (1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in) between the rails). The trains were powered by 25 kV AC electricity at 60 Hz with all axles of all cars powered by 185 kW traction motors, giving a 220 kilometres per hour (140 mph) top speed.

The original trains were 12-car sets; some subsequent sets were 16 cars. Later, shorter trains of 6 cars and even 4 cars were assembled for lesser duties. Production of 0 series units continued from 1963 until 1986.

Shinkansen sets are generally retired after fifteen to twenty years. The final remaining 0 series sets were 6-car sets used on JR West Kodama services on the Sanyō Shinkansen between Shin-Osaka and Hakata, and on the Hakata-Minami Line until their retirement on 30 November 2008.

Following retirement from regular service, JR West ran a number of special commemorative Hikari runs in December 2008.[3] Hikari 347, powered by set R61,[4] arrived at Hakata Station at 6:01 p.m. on 14 December 2008, bringing to an end the 44 years of service of the 0 series trains.

Set formations

16-car set NH31, 1987
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16-car NH sets

The 16-car NH sets were the units originally built for Hikari services on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen and subsequently the Sanyo Shinkansen lines. The introduction of 100 series and later 300 series trains reduced the number of 0 series trains used on Hikari services, with 0 series Hikari services operated by JR Central ending in 1995. A small fleet was subsequently maintained by JR West for use on additional holiday period Hikari services, with the last remaining unit, NH32, being disbanded in December 1999.

The NH sets had two Green cars and a restaurant car in addition to a buffet car, although use of the restaurant cars was discontinued from the mid 1990s.


16-car set YK8 on Tōkaidō Shinkansen Kodama service with "Arigatō 0 Series" sticker on final day of services, 19 September 1999

16-car YK sets

The 16-car YK sets were the units originally built for the all-stations Kodama services. These sets had upgraded reserved seat cars with 2+2 seating employing 100 series style seats, but only one Green car per 16-car set. Standard seating was 3+2 in standard class, and 2+2 in Green cars.

The fleet was operated by JR Central to provide all-stations Kodama services on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen until the last units were withdrawn on 18 September 1999. In the last two months of service, they ran with "Arigatō 0 Series" stickers on the front ends.


12-car SK sets

These 12-car SK sets were operated by JR West on Sanyō Shinkansen West Hikari services between Shin-Osaka and Hakata. Sets were formed of upgraded 5000 and 7000 subseries vehicles with improved seating, and buffet cars were refurbished with a special seating area. All standard class cars had upgraded 2+2 seating. The sets were recognizable externally by the addition of an extra thin blue line below the windows (similar to 100 series) and by the large "West" decals near the doors. Some sets originally included specially converted cinema cars, but these were withdrawn in 1996. Following the end of the West Hikari services on 21 April 2000, the remaining SK units were reformed into new 6-car R60 sets to replace unrefurbished sets on Sanyo Shinkansen Kodama services.


Set Q4 at Hakata on a Sanyō Shinkansen Kodama service, July 1998

4-car Q sets

4-car Q sets were formed from March 1997 for use on Kodama shuttle services running between Hakata and Kokura/Hiroshima, and also for use on some Hakata Minami Line duties. These sets had no Green car. The last remaining unit was withdrawn in 2001.


Set R61 in new JR West "Kodama" livery at Higashi-Hiroshima Station on a Sanyō Shinkansen Kodama service, July 2003

6-car R sets

The 6-car R units with no Green car were first formed in June 1985, and were used on JR West Kodama services between Shin-Osaka and Hakata. They were also used to operate services on the short Hakata Minami Line from Hakata Station.

The no. 3 cars of sets R2 and R24 were rebuilt as "Children's Saloons" with the former buffet counter area converted into a children's soft play area. These sets ran branded as "Family Hikari" during holiday periods. From March 1997 a refurbishment programme was commenced on the R sets, with new internal trim, rotating seats and new toilets/washing facilities. The refurbished units were recognisable externally by an extra thin blue line below the windows (as with West Hikari SK sets), and new "W" decals near the doors.

From April 2000, 6-car "WR" sets were created from former SK unit cars and renumbered in the R60 series. These retained the larger buffet area (disused) and 2+2 seating of the former West Hikari trains, and gradually replaced the remaining unrefurbished R sets. These units initially retained their "West Hikari" branding, but were gradually repainted into the new JR West "Kodama" livery from May 2002. Initially scheduled to be withdrawn in 2006, the last three remaining sets (R61/R67/R68) remained in service until 30 November 2008. By June 2008 they had been repainted into their original ivory and blue livery with silver roofs.

Preserved examples

A large number of former 0 series vehicles are preserved or stored in museums and various other locations around Japan. Outside Japan, the leading vehicle from a 0 series set is preserved at the National Railway Museum in York, UK. It was donated to the museum by JR West in 2001.[5]

Vehicle number Date built Date withdrawn Location Remarks
16-1 March 1964 March 1977 Modern Transportation Museum, Osaka Cars from pre-production "C" set H1.[6]
21-1
22-1
35-1 August 1964 Cars from first production set H2.
21-2 July 1964 March 1977 The Railway Museum, Saitama From original set H2. Moved from Osaka in August 2008. Exhibited from October 2009.[7]
22-2 JR West Staff Training Centre, Suita, Osaka From original set H2.
21-25 April 1964 March 1978 The Railway Museum, Saitama Cab section only.
Originally displayed outside Tokyo Transport Museum.
22-56 August 1967 February 1982 "Wine no Kuni" hotel, Ikeda, Hokkaidō Front third section only.[6]
21-59 March 1968 February 1982 Shintsū Park, Fuji, Shizuoka[6]  
21-73 July 1969 October 1984 Shinkansen Park, Settsu, Osaka [6]
22-75 August 1969 March 1985 Ome Railway Park, Ome, Tokyo Repainted for short period into Tohoku ivory/green livery in late 1980s.[6]
22-77 September 1969 March 1990 Satsuki Kindergarten, Fukuoka Used as a staff room and library.[6]
21-86 December 1971 November 1991 JR Central Hamamatsu Works [6]
22-86
21-100 September 1973 October 1991 Akishima City Library, Akishima, Tokyo Used as library reading room.[6]
21-141 June 1976 October 2000 JR Tadotsu Works, Shikoku Former set H94, later R52. Front half only.[6]
22-141 June 1976 October 2000 National Railway Museum, York, UK  
22-1003 November 1976 November 1994 Railway Heritage Park, Kameoka, Kyoto Cab section only.[6]
21-2023 January 1985 June 1998 Sakuma Rail Park Cab section only.[6]
22-2029 March 1986 September 1999 Nippon Sharyo Factory, Toyokawa [6]
21-5035 (formerly 21-1032) - - Taiwan High Speed Rail Used as structure gauging car.
22-7007 - December 2008 Suita Yard, Osaka Prefecture From former set R68, awaiting preservation in public park.[8]
21-7008 (formerly 21-2026) 1983 December 2008 Kawasaki Heavy Industries factory, Hyogo Prefecture Car of last operational set, R61[9]
21-7038 - - Kawasaki Good Times World, within Kobe Maritime Museum West Hikari livery. Front third section.[6]

See also


References

  • JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.  
  • JR電車編成表 '07冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007). Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9.  
  • Semmens, Peter (1997). High Speed in Japan: Shinkansen - The World's Busiest High-speed Railway. Sheffield, UK: Platform 5 Publishing. ISBN 1-872524-88-5.  
  1. ^ 日本機械学会, ed (1999). 高速鉄道物語 -その技術を追う-. 成山堂書店. p. 34. ISBN 4-425-92321-9.  
  2. ^ http://www.japaneselifestyle.com.au/travel/shinkansen_history.htm History of Shinkansen railroad. Also includes the 0 series
  3. ^ "Thank you Shinkansen Series 0- Special Website" (in Japanese). http://www.jr-odekake.net/navi/shinkansen/0kei/senko_yoyaku/. Retrieved 2008-10-18.  
  4. ^ http://www.tv-asahi.co.jp/ann/news/web/soci_news14.html?now=20081215211232_300k "初代の「0系新幹線」が44年間の歴史に終止符" (news video confirming that the train used was set R61), accessed 15 December 2008
  5. ^ National Railway Museum based article on the acquisition of the donated 0 series
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m 鉄道のテクノロジー Vol.1 新幹線 (Railway Technology Vol.1: Shinkansen). Japan: San-ei. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7796-0534-5.  
  7. ^ JR East press release: "鉄道博物館における0系新幹線車両の公開について" (8 June 2009). Retrieved on 8 June 2009. (Japanese). Archived 2009-06-10.
  8. ^ Japan Railfan Magazine: "0系R68編成6号車が吹田操車場跡地へ" (Car 6 of 0 series set R68 moved to Suita Yard), (16 June 2009). Retrieved on 17 June 2009. (Japanese). Archived 2009-06-19.
  9. ^ "0系21-7008, 川重へ向けて輸送される (0 series 21-7008 shipped to Kawasaki HI)". Japan Railfan Magazine (Japan: Kōyūsha) 49 (578): 171. June 2009.  


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