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103 series
JRW-103-EMU-KansaiLine.jpg
JR West refurbished set in Kansai Main Line livery, June 2006
In service 1964–Present
Manufacturer Hitachi Ltd., Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation
Replaced 101 series
Constructed 1963–1984
Number built 3,447 vehicles
Operator JNR, JR Central, JR East, JR Kyushu, JR West
Specifications
Car body construction Steel
Car length 19,500 mm (64 ft 0 in)
Width 2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in)
Doors 4 pairs per side
Maximum speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Electric system(s) 1,500 V DC
Current collection method overhead catenary
Gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 103 series (103系 ?) is a commuter EMU type introduced in 1964 by Japan National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West), East Japan Railway Company (JR East), and Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu). They were also operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

Contents

Variants

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103-1000 series

160 103-1000 series cars (16 10-car sets) were built between 1970 and 1971 for use on Jōban Line-Chiyoda Line inter-running services, which commenced in 1971. Originally painted in grey with a sea green stripe, they were subsequently displaced by new 203 series trains. Some sets were converted to become 105 series, and the rest of the fleet was reallocated to Jōban Line services from Ueno.[1]


Revised livery with light blue stripe, 2003

103-1200 series

Similar to the 103-1000 series, these were 7-car sets built by Nippon Sharyo and Tokyu Car Corporation for use on Chūō-Sōbu Line-Tōzai Line inter-running services alongside the aluminium-bodied 301 series. 5 sets (35 cars) were built between 1970 and 1978. They were initially painted in grey with a yellow stripe, but this was changed to a light blue stripe from 1989 to avoid confusion with the similarly coloured 205 series trains introduced on Chūō-Sōbu Line services.[1]


JR Kyushu 103-1500 series, April 2006

103-1500 series

Nine 103-1500 series 6-car sets were built between 1982 and 1983 by Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Hitachi Ltd. for use on inter-running services between the Chikuhi Line and Fukuoka City Subway in Kyushu. In 1989, four sets were reformed as eight 3-car sets (numbered E11 to E18) by rebuilding MoHa 103 and MoHa 102 cars as KuMoHa 103 and KuMoHa 102 cars respectively. They were initially painted in light blue with a white stripe, but were repainted into a grey and red livery from 1995. The 3-car sets were modified for driver-only operation between December 1999 and March 2001.[2] Toilets were added to one end car of each set between June 2003 and October 2004.[3]


4-car Kawagoe Line set 53, June 2004

103-3000 series

Five 3-car 103-3000 series sets were formed in 1985 from former 72 series EMU cars for use on the Kawagoe Line following electrification in September 1985. Five MoHa 72970 cars were also converted to SaHa 103-3000 cars to augment Ōme Line trains. These cars were fitted with passenger-operated door controls. The five Kawagoe Line sets were lengthened to 4 cars between October 1995 and March 1996 ahead of Hachikō Line electrification in March 1996. [1][4] The last set was withdrawn in October 2005.

Formation

  1. 1 KuMoHa 102-3000
  2. 2 MoHa 103-3000 (with pantograph)
  3. 3 SaHa 103-3000
  4. 4 KuHa 103-3000


4-car Kawagoe Line set 56, June 2004

103-3500 series (JR East)

One 4-car 103-3500 series set was formed in December 1995 from surplus 103-0 series cars to augment the fleet ahead of Hachikō Line electrification in March 1996. As with the 103-3000 series sets, passenger-operated door controls were fitted. The motor/trailer car configuration differed from that of the 103-3000 series sets.[1][4] The set was withdrawn in March 2005.

Formation

  1. 1 KuHa 103-3502 (formerly KuHa 103-738)
  2. 2 MoHa 102-3501 (formerly MoHa 102-2047)
  3. 3 MoHa 103-3501 (with pantograph) (formerly MoHa 103-790)
  4. 4 KuHa 103-3501 (formerly KuHa 103-725)


JR West refurbished 2-car 103-3500 series sets in Bantan Line livery, March 2009

103-3500 series (JR West)

Nine 2-car 103-3500 series refurbished sets (H1 to H9) were formed between September 1997 and March 1998 ahead of Bantan Line electrification in March 1998. Toilets were added between 2005 and 2006.[2][5]

Formation

  1. 1 KuMoHa 102-3500 (with toilet)
  2. 2 KuMoHa 103-3500 (with pantograph)


JR West refurbished Kakogawa Line 2-car 103-3550 series set, January 2008

103-3550 series

Eight 2-car 103-3550 series refurbished sets (M1 to M8) were formed between January and October 2004 ahead of Kakogawa Line electrification in March 2005. These sets feature cab gangway connections and toilets.[2][5]

Formation

  1. 1 KuMoHa 102-3550 (with toilet)
  2. 2 KuMoHa 103-3550 (with pantograph)


Internal training sets

JR operations

JR East

Last remaining 103 series set on Senseki Line, January 2007

JR East formerly operated a large number of 103 series sets on the following lines.

Since November 2006, one 4-car 103 series set has remained in use by JR East on the Senseki Line in the Sendai area. This is scheduled to be withdrawn on 21 October 2009.[6]

JR Central

JR Central formerly used 103 series sets on Chuo Main Line services in the Nagoya area, but these were subsequently replaced by 211 series and 313 series EMUs.

JR West

JR West refurbished sets in USJ promotional livery, December 2005

JR West continues to operate a large number of 103 series sets, many of which have received extensive life-extension refurbishment.[5]

JR Kyushu

JR Kyushu operates the fleet of 103-1500 series sets inherited from JNR.[5]


Overseas operations

Former JR East 103 series EMU working in the Jakarta area of Indonesia, July 2007

Four former JR East 103 series 4-car trains (ex KeYo20, 21, 22, 27 sets) were shipped to Indonesia in 2004, where they currently operate for the KRL Jabotabek system in Jakarta.[7]


See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d JR全車輛ハンドブック1997 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 1997). Japan: Neko Publishing. 1997.  
  2. ^ a b c JR全車両ハンドブック2006 (JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006). Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006.  
  3. ^ JR電車編成表 2009夏 (JR EMU Formations - Summer 2009). Japan: JRR. June 2009. ISBN 978-4-330-06909-8.  
  4. ^ a b JR電車編成表 '02夏号 (JR EMU Formations - Summer 2002). Japan: JRR. June 2002. ISBN 4-88283-037-X.  
  5. ^ a b c d JR電車編成表 '07冬号 (JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007). Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 4-88283-046-9.  
  6. ^ JR East news release (9 October 2009). Retrieved 9 October 2009. (Japanese)
  7. ^ "インドネシアで活躍する日本の電車2009 (Japanese EMUs active in Indonesia 2009)". The Railway Pictorial (Japan) 59 (824): p102-107. October 2009.  

External links


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