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104th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1997

President of the Senate: Al Gore
President pro tempore: Strom Thurmond
Speaker of the House: Newt Gingrich
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 1995 – January 3, 1996
2nd: January 3, 1996 – October 4, 1996
<103rd 105th>

The One Hundred Fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1995 to January 3, 1997, during the third and fourth years of Bill Clinton's presidency. Apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1990 United States census. Both chambers had Republican majorities for the first time since the 1950s. Major events included passage of elements of the Contract with America and a budget impasse between Congress and the Clinton Administration that resulted in the Federal government shutdown of 1995.

Contents

Major events

  • January 3, 1995: Republicans gained control of both houses for the first time since the 1950s.
  • January 31, 1995: President Clinton invoked emergency powers to extend a $20 billion loan to help Mexico avert financial collapse.
  • May 23, 1995: Oklahoma City bombing
  • August 30, 1995: NATO began Operation Deliberate Force against Serbs in Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • November 14 – November 19, 1995: U.S. government shutdown
  • December 16, 1995 – January 6, 1996: U.S. government shutdown
  • November 5, 1996: Re-election of President Bill Clinton and Vice President Al Gore; Democrats gained 8 seats in House; Republicans gained 2 seats in Senate.

Major legislation

Senators' party membership by state.

Party summary

Senate

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
End of the previous Congress 44 56 100 0
Begin 53 47 100 0
March 3, 1995 54 46 100 0
October 1, 1995 53 99 1
February 6, 1996 47 100 0
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 45 100 0
Percent of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state.

House of Representatives

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of the previous Congress 176 258 1 435 0
Begin 230 204 1 435 0
April 1995 231 203
October 1, 1995 202 434 1
December 15, 1995 203 435 0
February 15, 1996 202 434 1
April 16, 1996 203 435 0
Final voting share 53.1% 46.7% 0.2%
Non-voting members 1 4 0 5 0
Beginning of the next Congress 228 206 1 435 0

Leadership

Contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (R), Minority (D)

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Skip to House of Representatives, below

Senate

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

Date seat became vacant or otherwise affected State
(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat
March 3, 1995 Colorado
(3)
Ben Nighthorse Campbell (D) Changed party Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R) March 3, 1995
October 5, 1995 Oregon
(3)
Bob Packwood (R) Resigned Ron Wyden (D) Seated February 6, 1996
June 11, 1996 Kansas
(3)
Bob Dole (R) Resigned to campaign for the Presidency Sheila Frahm (R) June 11, 1996
November 6, 1996 Kansas
(3)
Sheila Frahm (R) Successor elected Sam Brownback (R) November 6, 1996

House of Representatives

Date seat became vacant District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking office
April 10, 1995 Georgia 9th Nathan Deal (D) Changed party Nathan Deal (R) April 10, 1995
June 26, 1995 Texas 14th Greg Laughlin (D) Changed party Greg Laughlin (R) June 26, 1995
August 8, 1995 Louisiana 3rd Billy Tauzin (D) Changed party Billy Tauzin (R) August 8, 1995
October 1, 1995 Illinois 2nd Mel Reynolds (D) Resigned Jesse Jackson, Jr. (D) December 15, 1995
November 10, 1995 Mississippi 4th Mike Parker (D) Changed party Mike Parker (R) November 10, 1995
December 1, 1995 Louisiana 7th Jimmy Hayes (D) Changed party Jimmy Hayes (R) December 1, 1995
February 6, 1996 Oregon 3rd Ron Wyden (D) Elected Senator [[[Earl Blumenauer]] (D) May 21, 1996
February 15, 1996 Maryland's 7th Kweisi Mfume (D) Resigned to become CEO of the NAACP Elijah Cummings (D) April 16, 1996

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Elections

External links








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