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108th United States Congress
USCapitol.jpg
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005

President of the Senate: Dick Cheney
President pro tempore: Ted Stevens
Speaker of the House: Dennis Hastert
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 7, 2003 – December 8, 2003
2nd: January 20, 2004 – December 9, 2004
<107th 109th>

The One Hundred Eighth United States Congress was the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives from January 3, 2003 to January 3, 2005, during the third and fourth years of George W. Bush's presidency.

House members were elected in the 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. Senators were elected in three classes in the 1998 general election on November 3, 1998, 2000 general election on November 7, 2000, or 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-second Census of the United States in 2000. Both chambers had a Republican majority.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

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Enacted

Proposed, but not enacted

Party summary

Senate

The party summary for the Senate remained the same during the entire 108th Congress.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Independence (MN) Vacant
End of previous Congress 50 48 1 1 100 0
Begin 51 48 1 0 100 0
Final voting share 51% 49%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 44 1 0 100 0

House of Representatives

Due to resignations and special elections, Republicans lost a net of two seats to the Democrats. All seats were filled though special elections. (See Changes in membership, below.)

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Independent Democratic Vacant
End of previous Congress 222 1 209 433 2
Begin 229 1 205 435 0
May 31, 2003 228 434 1
June 5, 2003 229 435 0
December 9, 2003 228 434 1
January 20, 2004 227 433 2
February 17, 2004 206 434 1
June 1, 2004 207 435 0
June 9, 2004 206 434 1
July 20, 2004 207 435 0
August 31, 2004 226 434 1
September 23, 2004 225 433 2
Final voting share 52.0% 48.0%
Non-voting members 1 0 4 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 232 1 201 434 1

Leadership

Contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (R), Minority (D)

Senators' party membership by state
Representatives party membership by state at the opening of the 108th Congress. The gold coloring of Vermont indicates Rep. Bernie Sanders, an Independent.

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by the district number.

Alabama

(5-2 Republican)

Alaska

(1 Republican)

Arizona

(6-2 Republican)

Arkansas

(3-1 Democratic)

California

(33-20 Democratic)

Colorado

(5-2 Republican)

Connecticut

(3-2 Republican)

Delaware

(1 Republican)

Florida

(18-7 Republican)

Georgia

(8-5 Republican)

Hawaii

(2 Democrats)

Idaho

(2 Republicans)

Illinois

(10-9 Republican)

Indiana

(6-3 Republican)

Iowa

(4-1 Republican)

Kansas

(3-1 Republican)

Kentucky

(5-1 Republican, then 4-2 Republican)

Louisiana

(4-3 Republican)

Maine

(2 Democrats)

Maryland

(6-2 Democratic)

Massachusetts

(10 Democrats)

Michigan

(9-6 Republican)

Minnesota

(5-3 Democratic/DFL)

Mississippi

(2-2 split)

Missouri

(5-4 Republican)

Montana

(1 Republican)

Nebraska

(3 Republicans)

Nevada

(2-1 Republican)

New Hampshire

(2 Republicans)

New Jersey

(7-6 Democratic)

New Mexico

(2-1 Republican)

New York

(19-10 Democratic)

North Carolina

(7-6 Republican)

North Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Ohio

(12-6 Republican)

Oklahoma

(4-1 Republican)

Oregon

(4-1 Democratic)

Pennsylvania

(12-7 Republican)

Rhode Island

(2 Democrats)

South Carolina

(4-2 Republican)

South Dakota

(1 Republican, then 1 Democrat)

Tennessee

(5-4 Democratic)

Texas

(17-15 Democratic)

Utah

(2-1 Republican)

Vermont

(1 Independent)

Virginia

(8-3 Republican)

Washington

(6-3 Democratic)

West Virginia

(2-1 Democratic)

Wisconsin

(4-4 split)

Wyoming

(1 Republican)

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Members who came and left during this Congress.

Senate

No changes occurred.

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Hawaii 2nd Vacant Patsy Mink had been elected to this seat posthumously. Ed Case had already won Mink's seat in the 107th Congress. Ed Case (D) January 4, 2003
Texas 19th Larry Combest (R) Resigned May 31, 2003 for personal reasons Randy Neugebauer (R) June 5, 2003
Kentucky 6th Ernie Fletcher (R) Resigned December 9, 2003 to become Governor of Kentucky. Ben Chandler (D) February 17, 2004
South Dakota At-large Bill Janklow (R) Resigned January 20, 2004 because of a December 2003 felony conviction in relation to a traffic accident. Stephanie Herseth (D) June 1, 2004
North Carolina 1st Frank Ballance (D) Resigned June 9, 2004 as a result of health problems. G. K. Butterfield (D) July 20, 2004
Louisiana 5th Rodney Alexander (D) Switched parties August 9, 2004 Rodney Alexander (R) August 9, 2004
Nebraska 1st Doug Bereuter (R) Resigned August 31, 2004 to head the Asia Foundation. Remained vacant until the next Congress.
Florida 14th Porter Goss (R) Resigned September 23, 2004 to head the CIA. Remained vacant until the next Congress.

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

External links


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