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109th United States Congress
Dennis Hastert 2.jpg
Speaker Hastert (2006)

Duration: January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007

President of the Senate: Dick Cheney (R)
President pro tempore: Ted Stevens (R)
Speaker of the House: Dennis Hastert (R)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 4, 2005 – December 22, 2005
2nd: January 3, 2006 – December 8, 2006
<108th 110th>

The One Hundred Ninth United States Congress was the legislative branch of the United States, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, from January 3, 2005 to January 3, 2007, during the fifth and sixth years of George W. Bush's presidency. House members were elected in the 2004 elections on November 4, 2004. Senators were elected in three classes in the 2000 elections on November 7, 2000, 2002 elections on November 5, 2002, or 2004 elections on November 4, 2004. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-second Census of the United States in 2000. Both chambers had a Republican majority, the same party as President Bush.

Contents

Major events

Prominent events included the filibuster "nuclear option" scare, the failure of the federal government to promptly respond to Hurricane Katrina disaster relief, the Tom DeLay corruption investigation, the CIA leak scandal, the rising unpopularity of the Iraq War, the 2006 immigration reform protests and government involvement in the Terri Schiavo case.

In addition to the DeLay indictment, this Congress also had a number of scandals: Bob Ney, Randy "Duke" Cunningham, William J. Jefferson, Mark Foley scandal, and the Jack Abramoff scandals.

This Congress met for 242 days, the fewest since World War II and 12 days fewer than the 80th Congress.[1][2][3] As the Congress neared its conclusion, some commentators labelled this the "Do Nothing Congress," [1][4][5][6][7] a pejorative originally given to the 80th United States Congress by President Harry Truman.

The President vetoed only one bill, his first veto, the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act of 2005.

Major legislation

Enacted

Proposed, but not enacted

More information: Complete index of Public and Private Laws for 109th Congress at U.S. Government Printing Office

Hearings

Party summary

Senate

The party summary for the Senate remained the same during the entire 109th Congress. On January 16, 2006, Democrat Jon Corzine resigned, but Democrat Bob Menendez was appointed and took Corzine's seat the next day.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of previous Congress 51 48 1 100 0
Begin 55 44 1 100 0
Final voting share 55% 45%
Beginning of the next Congress 49 49 2 100 0

House of Representatives

Due to resignations and special elections, Republicans lost a net of three seats; Democrats gained one seat; three seats were left vacant; and one seat which was vacant at the beginning of the Congress was filled. All seats were filled though special elections. (See Changes in membership, below.)

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Independent Vacant
End of previous Congress 225 207 1 433 2
Begin 232 201 1 434 1
March 10, 2005 202 435 0
April 29, 2005 231 434 1
August 2, 2005 230 433 2
September 6, 2005 231 434 1
December 1, 2005 230 433 2
December 7, 2005 231 434 1
January 16, 2006 201 433 2
June 9, 2006 230 432 3
June 13, 2006 231 433 2
September 29, 2006 230 432 3
November 3, 2006 229 431 4
November 13, 2006 230 202 433 2
December 31, 2006 229 432 3
Final voting share 53.0% 47.0%
Non-voting members 1 4 0 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 202 233 0 435 0

Leadership

Contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (R), Minority (D)

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators' party membership by state

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Initial percentage of members of the House of Representatives from each party by state at the opening of the 109th Congress in January 2005
Section contents: Alabama — Alaska — Arizona —Arkansas — California — Colorado — Connecticut — Delaware — Florida — Georgia — Hawaii — Idaho — Illinois — Indiana — Iowa — Kansas — Kentucky — Louisiana — Maine — Maryland — Massachusetts — Michigan — Minnesota — Mississippi — Missouri — Montana — Nebraska — Nevada — New Hampshire — New Jersey — New Mexico — New York — North Carolina — North Dakota — Ohio — Oklahoma — Oregon — Pennsylvania — Rhode Island — South Carolina — South Dakota — Tennessee — Texas — Utah — Vermont — Virginia — Washington — West Virginia — Wisconsin — Wyoming — Non-voting members

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Alabama

(5-2 Republican)

Alaska

(1 Republican)

Arizona

(6-2 Republican)

Arkansas

(3-1 Democratic)

California

(33-20 Democratic)

Colorado

(4-3 Republican)

Connecticut

(3-2 Republican)

Delaware

(1 Republican)

Florida

(18-7 Republican)

Georgia

(7-6 Republican)

Hawaii

(2 Democrats)

Idaho

(2 Republicans)

Illinois

(10-9 Democratic)

Indiana

(7-2 Republican)

Iowa

(4-1 Republican)

Kansas

(3-1 Republican)

Kentucky

(5-1 Republican)

Louisiana

(5-2 Republican)

Maine

(2 Democrats)

Maryland

(6-2 Democratic)

Massachusetts

(10 Democrats)

Michigan

(9-6 Republican)

Minnesota

(4-4 Split)

Mississippi

(2-2 Split)

Missouri

(5-4 Republican)

Montana

(1 Republican)

Nebraska

(3 Republicans)

Nevada

(2-1 Republican)

New Hampshire

(2 Republicans)

New Jersey

(7-6 Democratic)

New Mexico

(2-1 Republican)

New York

(20-9 Democratic)

North Carolina

(7-6 Republican)

North Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Ohio

(12-6 Republican)

Oklahoma

(4-1 Republican)

Oregon

(4-1 Democratic)

Pennsylvania

(12-7 Republican)

Rhode Island

(2 Democrats)

South Carolina

(4-2 Republican)

South Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Tennessee

(5-4 Democratic)

Texas

(21-11 Republican)

Utah

(2-1 Republican)

Vermont

(1 Independent, caucausing with Democrats)

Virginia

(8-3 Republican)

Washington

(6-3 Democratic)

West Virginia

(2-1 Democratic)

Wisconsin

(4-4 Split)

Wyoming

(1 Republican)

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Members who came and left during this Congress.

Senate

State
(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat
New Jersey
(class 1)
Jon Corzine (D) Corzine resigned to become Governor of New Jersey on January 17, 2006. Bob Menendez (D) Appointed January 18, 2006
Connecticut
(class 1)
Joseph Lieberman (D) Change of party affiliation from Democrat to Independent Democrat Joseph Lieberman (ID) August 9, 2006

House of Representatives

All seats were filled though special elections.

District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of Successor's Installation
California 5th None. Representative Bob Matsui (D) died January 1 2005 — before the end of the previous Congress. Doris Matsui (D) March 10, 2005
Ohio 2nd Rob Portman (R) Resigned April 29, 2005 to become the United States Trade Representative. Jean Schmidt (R) September 6, 2005[9]
California 48th Chris Cox (R) Resigned August 2, 2005 to become chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. John Campbell (R) December 7, 2005[10]
California 50th Duke Cunningham (R) Resigned December 1, 2005 after pleading guilty to conspiracy for bribes and tax evasion. Brian Bilbray (R) June 13, 2006[11]
New Jersey 13th Bob Menendez (D) Resigned January 16, 2006 to become a U.S. Senator. Albio Sires (D) November 13, 2006[12]
Texas 22nd Tom DeLay (R) Resigned June 9, 2006 after a series of criminal indictments. Shelley Sekula-Gibbs (R) November 13, 2006[13]
Florida 16th Mark Foley (R) Resigned September 29, 2006 after a teen sex scandal. Remained vacant until the next Congress.[14]
Ohio 18th Bob Ney (R) Resigned November 3, 2006 after pleading guilty to conspiracy. Remained vacant until the next Congress.
Nevada 2nd Jim Gibbons (R) Resigned December 31, 2006 to become Governor of Nevada. Remained vacant until the next Congress.

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also: Rules of the House, Rule 2: "Other officers and officials"

See also

Elections

References

  1. ^ a b Shepard, Scott (December 10, 2006), "109th may be the real 'do nothing' Congress", Cox News Service (Atlanta, GA), http://www.newsobserver.com/politics/story/519951.html  
  2. ^ USA Today Editorial (December 11, 2006), "Our view on Congress wrapping up: 109th Congress' big success: Lowering the achievement bar", USA Today (MacLean, VA), http://blogs.usatoday.com/oped/2006/12/post_22.html#more  
  3. ^ "'Do-Nothing Congress' Raises Critics' Ire". This Week with George Stephanopoulos. ABC. 2006-05-12.
  4. ^ "The Cafferty File: Do-Nothing Congress". The Situation Room. CNN. 2006-12-04. cnn.com
  5. ^ "Goodbye To The Do-Nothing Congress". Face The Nation. CBS. 2006-12-10. cbsnews.com
  6. ^ Dobbs, Lou (August 2, 2006). "Five-weeks off for 'do-nothing Congress'". CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2006/US/08/01/dobbs.August2/index.html. Retrieved 2006-11-12.  
  7. ^ Mann, T.brookings.edu; Ornstein, N. (2006), The Broken Branch: How Congress Is Failing America and How to Get It Back on Track OUP USA, N.Y., N.Y.: OUP USA  
  8. ^ a b c d e The Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is affiliated with the United States Democratic Party.
  9. ^ Ohio 2nd: A primary election was held on June 14, 2005. A runoff election was held on August 2, 2005. Jean Schmidt won and took her seat the next month. See Ohio 2nd congressional district election, 2005.
  10. ^ California 48th: A primary election was held on October 4, 2005. A runoff election was held on December 6, 2005. John Campbell won and took his seat the next day.See California 48th Congressional District Election, 2005.
  11. ^ California 50th: A primary election was held on April 11, 2006. A runoff election was held on June 6, 2006. Brian Bilbray won and took his seat one week later.See California 50th congressional district special election, 2006.
  12. ^ New Jersey 13th: An election was held to fill the unexpired term at the November 7, 2006 General Election. Sires was sworn in on November 13. See New Jersey 13th congressional district special election, 2006.
  13. ^ An election was held to fill the unexpired term at the November 7, 2006 General Election. Sekula-Gibbs took her seat on November 13.
  14. ^ 2 Election Winners to Fill Vacancies", via wtopnews.com

External links








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