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10th Armoured Division (United Kingdom): Wikis

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10th Armoured Division
Active 1 August 1941–15 June 1944[1]
1956-57
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
Type Armoured division
Size Second World War
14,964 men[2][nb 1]
Garrison/HQ Western Desert
Tripoli
Engagements North African Campaign

The 10th Armoured Division was a British Army Second World War armoured division. It was formed from the 1st Cavalry Division, a 1st Line Yeomanry unit.

Contents

History

Formed from the 1st Cavalry Division on 1 August 1941 which was serving in Palestine as cavalry.

The 10th Armoured Division fought at the Battles of Alam Halfa and El Alamein. It was disbanded on 15 June 1944 in Egypt.

The divisional sign was a fox's mask, representing the hunting tradition of the formation's cavalry and Yeomanry units.

10th Armoured was also briefly active after the war ended in Libya in the 1950s, incorporating 25th Armoured Brigade,[3] but was disbanded in July 1957.[4] The 25th Armd Bde was formed in 1952 to provide an operational HQ for the troops in Libya. In May and June 1956 the brigade was hastily expanded to division status as 10th Armd Div, with the intention of invading Egypt from the west during the Suez Canal Crisis. Planning was halted when it was found that such an invasion was banned under the terms of Britain's treaty with Libya. The Armoured Brigade Signals Squadron was expanded to 10th Armd Div Signals in May-June 1956, based in Tripoli. It began to wind up in April 1957, and disbanded completely in September 1957. (The Royal Corps of Signals, By Cliff Lord, Graham Watson, 2004, p.47)

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General Officer Commanding

Four men served as the General Officer Commanding of the division during the Second World War.

Appointed General Officer Commanding
1 August 1941[1] Major-General John George Walters Clark[nb 2]
26 June 1942 Major-General A.H. Gatehouse[1]
18 December 1942 Major-General C.W. Norman[1]
12 January 1943 Major-General H.L. Birks[1]

Component Units

8th Armoured Brigade

9th Armoured Brigade

later removed for use as an Independent Brigade

Support Units

Notes

Footnotes
  1. ^ This is the war establishment, the on-paper strength, of the division for 1944; for information on how the division size changed over the war please see British Army during the Second World War and British Armoured formations of the Second World War.
  2. ^ Joslen states a Major-General C.G.W. Clark was the division's first General Officer Commanding whereas Mead informs the reader that John Clark retrained control of the division after it was reformed as a armoured division.[1][5]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f Joslen, p. 25
  2. ^ Joslen, p. 129
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Hansard, March 1958
  5. ^ Mead, p. 101

References

  • Joslen, Lieutenant-Colonel H.F (1960) [1960]. Orders Of Battle Second World War 1939-1945. Naval & Military Press Ltd. ISBN 978-184342-474-1.  
  • Mead, Richard (2007). Churchill's Lions: A biographical guide to the key British generals of World War II. Stroud (UK): Spellmount. ISBN 978-1-86227-431-0.  

External links



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