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10th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1807 – March 3, 1809

President of the Senate: George Clinton
President pro tempore: Samuel Smith
Stephen R. Bradley
John Milledge
Speaker of the House: Joseph Bradley Varnum
Members: 34 Senators
142 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: October 26, 1807 – April 25, 1808
2nd: November 7, 1808 – March 3, 1809
<9th 11th>

Contents

The Tenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1807 to March 3, 1809, during the seventh and eighth years of Thomas Jefferson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Major legislation

Territories organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 142

Leadership

President of the Senate
Vice President
George Clinton

Senate

House of Representatives

President pro tempore
Stephen R. Bradley

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 Senators' terms ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1808; Class 2 Senators' terms began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 Senators' terms began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1812.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Speaker of the House
Joseph B. Varnum

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide on the general ticket or otherwise at-large, are preceded by an "At-large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

The 2nd and 3rd district was one area with two representatives elected at-large from both.

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Georgia
class 2
Abraham Baldwin (DR) Died March 4, 1807 George Jones (DR) Appointed August 27, 1807
Connecticut
class 3
Uriah Tracy (F) Died July 19, 1807 Chauncey Goodrich (F) Seated October 25, 1807
Rhode Island
class 2
James Fenner (DR) Resigned September, 1807 to become Governor of Rhode Island Elisha Mathewson (DR) Seated October 26, 1807
Vermont
class 1
Israel Smith (DR) Resigned October 1, 1807 to become Governor of Vermont Jonathan Robinson (DR) Seated October 10, 1807
Georgia
class 2
George Jones (DR) Successor elected November 7, 1807 William H. Crawford (DR) Seated November 7, 1807
Ohio
class 1
John Smith (DR) Resigned April 25, 1808 Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR) Seated December 12, 1808
Massachusetts
class 1
John Quincy Adams (F) Resigned June 8, 1808 James Lloyd (F) Seated June 9, 1808
Pennsylvania
class 1
Samuel Maclay (DR) Resigned January 4, 1809 Michael Leib (DR) Seated January 9, 1809

House of Representatives

  • deaths: 4
  • resignations: 5
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 10
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
South Carolina
6th
Vacant Levi Casey (DR) died before the end of the preceding Congress Joseph Calhoun (DR) Seated June 2, 1807
Delaware
At-large
Vacant James M. Broom (F) resigned before the beginning of this Congress Nicholas Van Dyke (F) Seated October 6, 1807
Massachusetts
12th
Barnabas Bidwell (DR) Resigned July 13, 1807 after becoming Attorney General of Massachusetts Ezekiel Bacon (DR) Seated September 16, 1807
North Carolina
7th
John Culpepper (F) Seat declared vacant January 2, 1808 John Culpepper (F) Seated February 23, 1808
New Jersey
At-large
Ezra Darby (DR) Died January 27, 1808 Adam Boyd (DR) Seated March 8, 1808
Indiana Territory
At-large
Benjamin Parke
Non-voting Delegate
Resigned March 1, 1808 Jesse B. Thomas
Non-voting Delegate
October 22, 1808
Pennsylvania
1st
Joseph Clay (DR) Resigned March 28, 1808 Benjamin Say (DR) Seated November 16, 1808
Massachusetts
2nd
Jacob Crowninshield (DR) Died April 15, 1808 Joseph Story (DR) Seated May 23, 1808
New York
12th
David Thomas (DR) Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming New York State Treasurer Nathan Wilson (DR) Seated June 3, 1808
Vermont
1st
James Witherell (DR) Resigned May 1, 1808 after becoming judge of Supreme Court for Michigan Territory Samuel Shaw (DR) Seated September 6, 1808
Rhode Island
At-large
Nehemiah Knight (DR) Died June 13, 1808 Richard Jackson, Jr. (F) Seated November 11, 1808
Virginia
17th
John Claiborne (DR) Died October 9, 1808 Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Seated November 7, 1808

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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