The Full Wiki

More info on 111th United States Congress

111th United States Congress: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

111th United States Congress
Capitol Building Full View.jpg
United States Capitol (2007)

Duration: January 3, 2009 – January 3, 2011

President of the Senate: Dick Cheney (R),
until Jan. 20, 2009
Joe Biden (D),
from Jan. 20, 2009
President pro tempore: Robert Byrd (D)
Speaker of the House: Nancy Pelosi (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
6 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

Sessions
1st: January 6, 2009 – December 24, 2009[1]
2nd: January 5, 2010[2]
<110th 112th>

The One Hundred Eleventh United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It began during the last two weeks of the George W. Bush administration, with the remainder spanning the first two years of the Barack Obama administration. The Congress will last from January 3, 2009, until January 3, 2011, and it began its first session on January 6, 2009. The apportionment of seats in the House is based on the 2000 U.S. Census. In the November 4, 2008 elections, the Democratic Party increased its majorities in both chambers. A new delegate seat was created for the Northern Mariana Islands.[3]

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Advertisements

Enacted

Proposed

(in alphabetical order)
See also: Active Legislation, 111th Congress, via senate.gov

Vetoed

Major resolutions

  • TBD

Select committees

Hearings

Party summary

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate

Party standings in the Senate      57 Democratic Senators      2 Independent Senators, caucusing with Democrats      41 Republican Senators
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Independent Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 48 2 49 99 1
Begin 55 2 41 98 2
January 15, 2009 56 99 1
January 20, 2009 55 98 2
January 21, 2009 54 97 3
January 22, 2009 55 98 2
January 27, 2009 56 99 1
April 30, 2009 57 40
July 7, 2009 58 100 0
August 25, 2009 57 99 1
September 9, 2009 39 98 2
September 10, 2009 40 99 1
September 25, 2009 58 100 0
February 4, 2010 57 41
Latest voting share 59.0% 41.0%

House of Representatives

Current party distribution in the House of Representatives.     Democratic Party: 255 members.     Republican Party: 178 members.
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 235 198 433 2
Begin 256 178 434 1
January 26, 2009 255 433 2
February 24, 2009 254 432 3
April 21, 2009 255 433 2
April 29, 2009 256 434 1
June 26, 2009 255 433 2
July 16, 2009 256 434 1
September 21, 2009 177 433 2
November 5, 2009 257 434 1
November 6, 2009 258 435 0
December 22, 2009 257 178
January 3, 2010 256 434 1
February 8, 2010 255 433 2
February 28, 2010 254 432 3
March 8, 2010 253 431 4
Latest voting share 58.7% 41.3%
Non-voting members 6 0 6 0

Leadership

Senators' party membership by state, since February 2010

Contents: Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R)House: Majority (D), Minority (R)

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Members

Senate

Alabama

Alaska

Arizona

Arkansas

California

Colorado

Connecticut

Delaware

Florida

Georgia

Hawaii

Idaho

Illinois

Indiana

Iowa

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Michigan

Minnesota

Mississippi

Missouri

Montana

Nebraska

Nevada

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New Mexico

New York

North Carolina

North Dakota

Ohio

Oklahoma

Oregon

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

South Dakota

Tennessee

Texas

Utah

Vermont

Virginia

Washington

West Virginia

Wisconsin

Wyoming

House of Representatives

Section contents: Alabama — Alaska — Arizona —Arkansas — California — Colorado — Connecticut — Delaware — Florida — Georgia — Hawaii — Idaho — Illinois — Indiana — Iowa — Kansas — Kentucky — Louisiana — Maine — Maryland — Massachusetts — Michigan — Minnesota — Mississippi — Missouri — Montana — Nebraska — Nevada — New Hampshire — New Jersey — New Mexico — New York — North Carolina — North Dakota — Ohio — Oklahoma — Oregon — Pennsylvania — Rhode Island — South Carolina — South Dakota — Tennessee — Texas — Utah — Vermont — Virginia — Washington — West Virginia — Wisconsin — Wyoming — Non-voting members
Members' party membership by district
     Democratic     Republican
Percentage of members from each party by state at the opening of the 111th Congress in January 2009, ranging from dark blue (most Democratic) to dark red (most Republican).


Alabama

(3 Democrats, 4 Republicans; then 2 Democrats, 5 Republicans)

Alaska

(1 Republican)

Arizona

(5 Democrats, 3 Republicans)

Arkansas

(3 Democrats, 1 Republican)

California

(34 Democrats, 19 Republicans)

Colorado

(5 Democrats, 2 Republicans)

Connecticut

(5 Democrats)

Delaware

(1 Republican)

Florida

(9 Democrats, 15 Republican, 1 vacancy)

Georgia

(6 Democrats, 7 Republicans)

Hawaii

(1 Democrat, 1 vacancy)

Idaho

(1 Democrat, 1 Republican)

Illinois

(12 Democrats, 7 Republicans)

Indiana

(5 Democrats, 4 Republicans)

Iowa

(3 Democrats, 2 Republicans)

Kansas

(1 Democrat, 3 Republicans)

Kentucky

(2 Democrats, 4 Republicans)

Louisiana

(1 Democrat, 6 Republicans)

Maine

(2 Democrats)

Maryland

(7 Democrats, 1 Republicans)

Massachusetts

(10 Democrats)

Michigan

(8 Democrats, 7 Republicans)

Minnesota

(5 Democrats, 3 Republicans)

Mississippi

(3 Democrats, 1 Republican)

Missouri

(4 Democrats, 5 Republicans)

Montana

(1 Republican)

Nebraska

(3 Republicans)

Nevada

(2 Democrats, 1 Republican)

New Hampshire

(2 Democrats)

New Jersey

(8 Democrats, 5 Republicans)

New Mexico

(3 Democrats)

New York

(26 Democrats, 3 Republicans; then 27 Democrats, 2 Republicans; then 26 democrats, 2 republicans, 1 vacancy)

North Carolina

(8 Democrats, 5 Republicans)

North Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Ohio

(10 Democrats, 8 Republicans)

Oklahoma

(1 Democrat, 4 Republicans)

Oregon

(4 Democrats, 1 Republican)

Pennsylvania

(11 Democrats, 7 Republicans, 1 vacancy)

  • Vacant, thereafter

Rhode Island

(2 Democrats)

South Carolina

(2 Democrats, 4 Republicans)

South Dakota

(1 Democrat)

Tennessee

(5 Democrats, 4 Republicans)

Texas

(12 Democrats, 20 Republicans)

Utah

(1 Democrat, 2 Republicans)

Vermont

(1 Democrat)

Virginia

(6 Democrats, 5 Republicans)

Washington

(6 Democrats, 3 Republicans)

West Virginia

(2 Democrats, 1 Republican)

Wisconsin

(5 Democrats, 3 Republicans)

Wyoming

(1 Republican)

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

Senate

Four of the changes are associated with the 2008 presidential election and appointments to the Obama administration, one Senator changed parties, one election was disputed, one Senator died, one Senator resigned, and three appointed Senators will serve only until special elections are held during this congress.

Date seat became vacant or otherwise affected State
(class)
Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's taking seat
January 3, 2009[19] Minnesota
(2)
Disputed Incumbent Norm Coleman (R) challenged the election of Al Franken (D). Following recounts and litigation, Coleman conceded. Al Franken
(D)
July 7, 2009[20]
January 3, 2009[21] Illinois
(3)
Vacant Barack Obama (D) resigned near the end of the previous Congress, after being elected President of the United States.[22] Due to a credentials challenge, his successor—appointed December 31, 2008, during the last Congress—was not sworn in to fill his seat until 12 days after the initiation of this Congress.[23] Roland Burris[24]
(D)
January 15, 2009[23]
January 15, 2009 Delaware
(2)
Joe Biden
(D)
Resigned to assume the position of Vice President.[25]
The appointed successor will fill the seat until a special election in November 2010.
Ted Kaufman[26]
(D)
January 16, 2009[27]
January 20, 2009 Colorado
(3)
Ken Salazar
(D)
Resigned to become Secretary of the Interior.
The appointed successor will fill the seat until a special election in November 2010.
Michael Bennet[28]
(D)
January 22, 2009[29]
January 21, 2009 New York
(1)
Hillary Clinton
(D)
Resigned to become Secretary of State.
The appointed successor will fill the seat until a special election in November 2010.
Kirsten Gillibrand[30]
(D)
January 27, 2009
April 30, 2009 Pennsylvania
(3)
Arlen Specter
(R)
Changed party affiliation.[14] Arlen Specter
(D)
April 30, 2009
August 25, 2009 Massachusetts
(1)
Ted Kennedy
(D)
Died.
The appointed successor will fill the seat until an elected successor takes the seat.[31][32][33]
Paul G. Kirk
(D)
September 25, 2009
September 9, 2009 Florida
(3)
Mel Martinez
(R)
Resigned for personal reasons.[34]
The appointed successor will serve the remainder of the Congress.
George LeMieux
(R)
September 10, 2009[35][36]
February 4, 2010 Massachusetts
(1)
Paul G. Kirk
(D)
The appointment lasted only until his elected successor was seated.[37]
The winner of the special election will serve the remainder of the term that expires January 3, 2013.
Scott Brown
(R)[38]
February 4, 2010
TBD, after November 2, 2010 Delaware
(2)
Ted Kaufman
(D)
The appointment lasts only until the November 2, 2010 special election, in which he is not a candidate.[39]
The winner of the special election will serve the remainder of the term that expires January 3, 2015.
TBD TBD, after November 2, 2010
TBD, after November 2, 2010 Illinois
(3)
Roland Burris
(D)
The appointment lasts only until the November 2, 2010 special election.
The winner of the special election will serve the remainder of the term that expires January 3, 2011.
TBD TBD, after November 2, 2010

House of Representatives

Five changes are associated with appointments to the Obama administration, four directly and one indirectly. One representative changed parties, one died and one resigned. House vacancies are only filled by elections. State laws regulate when (and if) there will be special elections.

Date seat became vacant or otherwise affected District Previous Reason for change Subsequent Date of successor's installation
January 3, 2009 Illinois 5th Vacant Rahm Emanuel (D) resigned near the end of the previous Congress after being named White House Chief of Staff.
A special election was held April 7, 2009
Michael Quigley
(D)
April 21, 2009
January 26, 2009 New York 20th Kirsten Gillibrand
(D)
Resigned when appointed to the Senate, replacing Hillary Clinton who became Secretary of State.
A special election was held March 31, 2009.
Scott Murphy
(D)
April 29, 2009
February 23, 2009 Northern Mariana Islands At-large Gregorio Sablan
(I)
Changed party affiliation.[40]
Previously an Independent who caucused with Democrats in House
Gregorio Sablan
(D)
February 23, 2009
February 24, 2009 California 32nd Hilda Solis
(D)
Resigned to become Secretary of Labor.
A special election was held July 14, 2009.
Judy Chu
(D)
July 16, 2009
June 26, 2009 California 10th Ellen Tauscher
(D)
Resigned to become Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security.
A special election was held November 3, 2009.
John Garamendi
(D)[41]
November 5, 2009[42]
September 21, 2009 New York 23rd John M. McHugh
(R)
Resigned to become Secretary of the Army.[43]
A special election was held November 3, 2009.
Bill Owens
(D)[44]
November 6, 2009
December 22, 2009 Alabama 5th Parker Griffith
(D)
Changed party affiliation.[45] Parker Griffith
(R)
December 22, 2009
January 3, 2010 Florida 19th Robert Wexler
(D)
Resigned to become president of the Center for Middle East Peace & Economic Cooperation.[46]
A special election will be held April 13, 2010.
TBD TBD, after April 13, 2010
February 8, 2010 Pennsylvania 12th John Murtha
(D)
Died.
A special election will be held May 18, 2010.
TBD TBD, after May 18, 2010
February 28, 2010[47] Hawaii 1st Neil Abercrombie
(D)
Resigned to focus on run for Governor of Hawaii.
A special election will be held May 22, 2010.
TBD TBD, after May 22, 2010
March 8, 2010[48] New York 29th Eric Massa
(D)
Resigned due to a recurrence of his cancer, as well as an ethics investigation.
A special election will be held on a date to be determined.
TBD TBD
March 31, 2010[49] Georgia 9th Nathan Deal
(R)
Will resign to focus on run for Governor of Georgia.
A special election will be held on a date to be determined.
TBD TBD

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

See also

Elections

Membership lists

References

  1. ^ H.Con.Res. 223
  2. ^ Pub.L. 111-121
  3. ^ Consolidated Natural Resources Act of 2008, Pub.L. 110-229
  4. ^ "Certificate of Election". Office of the Minnesota Governor, via StarTribune.com. June 30, 2009. Archived from the original on July 20, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5iQHuc9g0. Retrieved July 1, 2009. 
  5. ^ Mitch Jeserich (July 5, 2009). "Can The 60 Seats Give The Democrats a Filibuster Proof Senate?". NewsJunkiePost. http://newsjunkiepost.com/2009/07/05/can-the-60-seats-give-the-democrats-a-filibuster-proof-senate/. 
  6. ^ See Pub.L. 110-430. Section 1 sets the beginning of the first session of the 111th Congress. Section 2 sets the date for counting Electoral College votes.
  7. ^ S.Res. 203, resolution to provide for the appointment of a committee to receive and to report evidence with respect to the articles of impeachment against Judge Samuel B. Kent.
  8. ^ "Senate Takes First Steps Toward Judge’s Impeachment Trial". CQ Politics. Congressional Quarterly. June 24, 2009. Archived from the original on July 20, 2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5iQHuCA5k. Retrieved June 24, 2009. 
  9. ^ Articles of impeachment against Judge Kent were dismissed by the Senate on July 22, 2009, and the Impeachment Trial Committee terminated. 2009 Congressional Record, Vol. 155, Page S7833
  10. ^ The Democratic Senate Majority Leader also serves as the Chairman of the Democratic Conference.
  11. ^ a b "Thune Elected Republican Policy Committee Chairman". Office of U.S. Senator John Thune. 2009-06-25. http://thune.senate.gov/public/index.cfm?FuseAction=PressReleases.Detail&PressRelease_id=ae77697e-be0b-4801-8e3a-d4965d8282b7&Month=6&Year=2009. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  12. ^ Burris was appointed on December 31, 2008, during the 110th United States Congress. However, he was not allowed to take the oath until January 15, 2009, due to the controversy surrounding Gov. Rod Blagojevich, who appointed him.
  13. ^ Al Franken was elected to the term beginning January 3, 2009, but did not take office until July 7, 2009, due to a recount and subsequent election challenge.
  14. ^ a b Arlen Specter announced his switch from the Republican to the Democratic party on April 28, and it officially took effect on April 30. "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress". http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S000709. 
  15. ^ "Officials: House Democrat will switch to GOP". December 22, 2009. http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20091222/ap_on_go_co/us_congress_party_switch. 
  16. ^ "Wexler Begins New Job With Washington Think Tank". WBPF.com. January 4, 2010. http://www.wpbf.com/politics/22118382/detail.html. 
  17. ^ "Congressman John Murtha Passes Away at Age 77". Honorable John Murtha Congressional Website. February 8, 2010. http://www.murtha.house.gov/. 
  18. ^ Gregorio Sablan announced his switch from the Republican to the Democratic party on February 23, 2009. "Biographical Directory of the U.S. Congress". http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=S001177. 
  19. ^ Vacancy resulted because a senator could not be seated due to a disputed election
  20. ^ Hulse, Carl (July 7, 2009). "And Here’s Senator Franken". NYTimes.com (New York Times). http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/07/and-heres-senator-franken/. Retrieved July 7, 2009. 
  21. ^ Vacancy continued from previous congress
  22. ^ Mason, Jeff (January 27, 2009). "Obama resigns Senate seat, thanks Illinois". WashingtonPost.com (Washington Post). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/11/16/AR2008111600753.html. Retrieved November 21, 2008. 
  23. ^ a b Hulse, Carl (January 27, 2009). "Burris Is Sworn In". NYTimes.com (New York Times). http://thecaucus.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/01/15/burris-is-sworn-in/. Retrieved January 15, 2009. 
  24. ^ "Burris v. White, Illinois Supreme Court, No. 107816". January 9, 2009. http://www.state.il.us/court/OPINIONS/SupremeCourt/2009/January/107816.pdf. Retrieved January 27, 2009. 
  25. ^ Mark Murray (January 9, 2009). "Biden to Resign from Senate Thursday". MSNBC. http://firstread.msnbc.msn.com/archive/2009/01/09/1738560.aspx. 
  26. ^ "Longtime Biden aide picked to fill his Senate seat". WJLA.com. November 24, 2008. http://www.wjla.com/news/stories/1108/572587.html. Retrieved December 30, 2008. 
  27. ^ Kathleen Hunter and Catharine Richert, CQ Staff (January 14, 2009). "Illinois, Delaware Senators to Be Seated in First Round of Replacements". CQ Politics (Congressional Quarterly). http://www.cqpolitics.com/wmspage.cfm?parm1=5&docID=news-000003010505. 
  28. ^ "Official Press Release from Governor Bill Ritter, Jr., Jan. 3, 2009, appointing Michael Bennet". Colorado.gov. January 3, 2009. http://www.colorado.gov/cs/Satellite?c=Page&cid=1230985756099&pagename=GovRitter%2FGOVRLayout. 
  29. ^ Associated Press (January 19, 2009). "Ken Salazar sends Senate resignation". KJCT8.com. http://www.kjct8.com/Global/story.asp?S=9696407. Retrieved January 21, 2009. 
  30. ^ Danny Hakim and Nicholas Confessore (January 23, 2009). "Paterson Picks Gillibrand for Senate Seat". NYTimes.com (New York Times). http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/24/nyregion/24senator.html. Retrieved September 29, 2009. 
  31. ^ Phillips, Frank. "Panel to weigh Kennedy request for interim senator". Boston.com (Boston Globe). http://www.boston.com/news/local/breaking_news/2009/08/patrick_to_make.html. 
  32. ^ Goddnough, Abby; Carl Hulse (September 23, 2009). "Kennedy Confidant Expected to Take Senate Seat". NYTimes.com (New York Times). http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/24/us/politics/24massachusetts.html. Retrieved September 23, 2009. 
  33. ^ Associated Press (September 23, 2009). "House OKs Kennedy replacement, but not immediately". Boston.com (Boston Globe). http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2009/09/23/house_oks_kennedy_replacement_but_not_immediately. Retrieved September 29, 2009. 
  34. ^ 2009 Congressional Record, Vol. 155, Page S9147
  35. ^ "Crist Officially Names Former Aide As New Senator". CNNPolitics.com (CNN). August 28, 2009. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2009/08/28/crist-officially-names-former-aide-as-new-senator. 
  36. ^ 2009 Congressional Record, Vol. 155, Page S9190
  37. ^ "Paul Kirk to fill Kennedy's Senate seat". CNNPolitics.com (CNN). September 24, 2009. http://www.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/09/24/kennedy.replacement. 
  38. ^ http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2010/01/19/scott-brown-wins-mass-special-election/
  39. ^ Montgomery, Jeff (November 24, 2008). "Minner taps Kaufman for Biden's seat". DelawareOnLine.com (Delaware News-Journal). http://delawareonline.com/article/20081124/NEWS/81124041. Retrieved November 24, 2008. 
  40. ^ Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named bioguide; see Help:Cite error.
  41. ^ Blake, Aaron (November 4, 2009). "Garamendi wins House seat in California special election". The Hill. http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/news/66239-garamendi-wins-house-seat-in-california-special-election. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
  42. ^ "John Garamendi Wins in 10th Congressional District with Commanding Lead". California Chronicle. November 5, 2009. http://www.californiachronicle.com/articles/view/127151. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
  43. ^ Weiner, Mark (September 16, 2009). "Rep. John McHugh is confirmed as Secretary of the Army". Syracuse Post-Standard. syracuse.com. http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2009/09/rep_john_mchugh_is_confirmed_a.html. 
  44. ^ Rudin, Ken (November 6, 2009). "Democrat Bill Owens Wins In NY 23". Political Junkie. NPR. http://www.npr.org/blogs/politicaljunkie/2009/11/democrat_bill_owens_wins_in_ny.html. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
  45. ^ Deirdre Walsh (December 22, 2009). "House Dem to switch to Republican Party". CNN. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2009/12/22/house-dem-to-switch-to-republican. 
  46. ^ Man, Anthony (October 14, 2009). "Wexler makes it official: leaving Congress in January". Sun Sentinel. http://weblogs.sun-sentinel.com/news/politics/broward/blog/2009/10/wexler_makes_it_official_leavi_1.html. Retrieved November 5, 2009. 
  47. ^ Josh Kraushaar. Abercrombie sets Feb. 28 date for resignation. January 4, 2010.
  48. ^ Reid Wilson and Tim Sahd. [1]. March 5, 2010.
  49. ^ "Deal Not Done Yet". Hotline on Call. March 4, 2010. http://hotlineoncall.nationaljournal.com/archives/2010/03/deal_not_done_y.php. 
  50. ^ 2009 Congressional Record, Vol. 155, Page H24 (January 6, 2009)

External links


Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message