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11th United States Congress
USCapitol1800.jpg
United States Capitol (1800)

Duration: March 4, 1809 – March 3, 1811

President of the Senate: George Clinton
President pro tempore: John Milledge
Andrew Gregg
John Gaillard
John Pope
Speaker of the House: Joseph Bradley Varnum
Members: 34 Senators
142 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1809 – March 7, 1809
1st: May 22, 1809 – June 28, 1809
2nd: November 27, 1809 – May 1, 1810
3rd: December 3, 1810 – March 3, 1811
<10th 12th>

The Eleventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1809 to March 3, 1811, during the first two years of the first administration of U.S. President James Madison. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Second Census of the United States in 1800. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL members: 34

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 142

Leadership

President of the Senate George Clinton

Senate

House of Representatives

Major events

Major legislation

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1810; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1812.

Connecticut
Delaware
Georgia
Kentucky
Maryland
Massachusetts
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee
Vermont
Virginia
Speaker of the House
Joseph Bradley Varnum

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

There were two plural districts, the 2nd & 6th, each had two representatives.

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were four plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, & 3rd had three representatives each, the 4th had two representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate
State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Ohio
class 3
Vacant Edward Tiffin (DR) resigned at the end of the previous Congress Stanley Griswold (DR) Seated May 18, 1809
New Jersey
class 2
Aaron Kitchell (DR) Resigned March 12, 1809 John Condit (DR) Seated March 21, 1809
Tennessee
class 2
Daniel Smith (DR) Resigned March 31, 1809 Jenkin Whiteside (DR) Seated April 11, 1809
Rhode Island
class 1
Francis Malbone (F) Died June 4, 1809 Christopher G. Champlin (F) Seated June 26, 1809
Delaware
class 1
Samuel White (F) Died November 4, 1809 Outerbridge Horsey (F) Seated January 12, 1810
Georgia
class 3
John Milledge (DR) Resigned November 14, 1809 Charles Tait (DR) Seated November 27, 1809
Ohio
class 3
Stanley Griswold (DR) Successor chosen December 11, 1809 Alexander Campbell (DR) Seated December 11, 1809
Kentucky
class 2
Buckner Thruston (DR) Appointed judge of the US District Court of the District of Columbia December 18, 1809 Henry Clay (DR) Seated November 4, 1810
New Hampshire
class 3
Nahum Parker (DR) Resigned June 1, 1810 Charles Cutts (DR) Seated June 21, 1810
Connecticut
class 1
James Hillhouse (F) Resigned June 10, 1810 Samuel W. Dana (F) Seated December 4, 1810
Ohio
class 1
Return J. Meigs, Jr. (DR) Resigned on or before December 10, 1810 to become Governor of Ohio Thomas Worthington (DR) Seated December 15, 1810
South Carolina
class 2
Thomas Sumter (DR) Resigned December 16, 1810 John Taylor (DR) Seated December 31, 1810
House of Representatives
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Indiana Territory Vacant failure to elect Jonathan Jennings Seated November 27, 1809
Pennsylvania
1st
Benjamin Say (DR) Resigned June, 1809 Adam Seybert (DR) Seated October 10, 1809
Massachusetts
7th
William Baylies (F) Lost contested election June 28, 1809 Charles Turner, Jr. (DR) June 28, 1809
Virginia
21st
Wilson C. Nicholas (DR) Resigned November 27, 1809 David S. Garland (DR) Seated January 17, 1810
Maryland
7th
John Brown (DR) Resigned in 1810 Robert Wright (DR) Seated November 29, 1810
Massachusetts
10th
Jabez Upham (F) Resigned in 1810 Joseph Allen (F) October 8, 1810
New York
2nd
William Denning (DR) Resigned in 1810 Samuel L. Mitchill (DR) Seated October 4, 1810
Kentucky
5th
Benjamin Howard (DR) Resigned April 10, 1810 after becoming Governor of Louisiana Territory William T. Barry (DR) Seated August 8, 1810
Connecticut
At-large
Samuel W. Dana (F) Resigned May 10, 1810 after being elected to US Senate Ebenezer Huntington (F) October 11, 1810
Maryland
4th
Roger Nelson (DR) Resigned May 14, 1810 Samuel Ringgold (DR) Seated October 15, 1810
Massachusetts
11th
William Stedman (F) Resigned July 16, 1810 Abijah Bigelow (F) October 8, 1810
New Jersey
At-large
James Cox (DR) Died September 12, 1810 John A. Scudder (DR) Seated October 31, 1810
Virginia
1st
John G. Jackson (DR) Resigned September 28, 1810 William McKinley (DR) Seated December 21, 1810
South Carolina
1st
Robert Marion (DR) Resigned October 4, 1810 Langdon Cheves (DR) Seated December 31, 1810
South Carolina
4th
John Taylor (DR) Resigned December 30, 1810 after becoming US Senator Vacant Not filled for remainder of term

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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