12 Hours of Sebring: Wikis

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2008 overall winner Porsche RS Spyder.

The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race held at Sebring International Raceway, a former Army Air Force base in Sebring, Florida.

Contents

History

The track opened in 1950 on an airfield and is a road racing course styled after those used in European Grand Prix motor racing. The race is now considered one of the premier endurance races in the United States and is famous for its "once around the clock" action, starting during the day and finishing at night. For many years Sebring was part of the World Sportscar Championship.

The race has a rich history, as legendary drivers such as Mario Andretti, Briggs Cunningham, Juan Manuel Fangio, A.J. Foyt, Jacky Ickx, Stirling Moss and Lake Underwood, and manufacturers such as Ferrari, Porsche, BMW, Jaguar, Cunningham, Audi and Ford have all been victorious.

It is known as an excellent preparation for the famous 24 Hours of Le Mans, as the track's extremely bumpy surface, combined with south-central Florida's perennial hot weather, is a true test of a car's reliability. In recent years, six overall victories have been achieved by the Audi R8, one less than record seven wins of the Porsche 935.

In 2009 Tom Kristensen became the only one who had managed to win the race five times - in 1999, 2000, 2005, 2006 and 2009.

The Event

Fans are allowed to camp inside the green of the race track, starting several days before the actual race. Both general admission and, for a fee, reserved camping exists. RVs and cars are allowed into the track. Fans that show up during the week (and in some cases months before the actual race) can bear witness to many practice and qualification races, as well as a vintage race. There are several classes of tickets, ranging anywhere from full-access to simply the (usually Saturday) actual race. The tickets are numbered, and there are designated numbered tickets needed to access pit areas, press and spectator boxes, and certain parts of the track.

Within the track is a Midway, containing everything from souvenirs and official merchandise, to hot coffee and cold beer. Attractions are also featured in the midway and differ from year to year; In recent years Spring Break attractions have been set up to draw in college students on break during the week of the race. Radio promotions for the race are not uncommon to hear in Florida weeks before the race, advertising to both race fans and spring breakers.

Recent results

In 2005, the Chevrolet Corvette C6.R and Aston Martin DBR9 made their race debut in the hotly contested GT1 class, with Aston Martin winning its class for the first time in 49 years at Sebring ahead of the two Corvettes. Corvette had dominated the class the past three years with its previous generation C5R.

The all-new Audi R10 TDI won the 2006 edition of the race, the car's first ever run in competition. The victory set the stage for an even more momentous win by the R10 in its next race, the Le Mans 24 Hours later in the year. The much-hyped Porsche RS Spyder campaigned by Penske Racing dropped to take 2nd place in its LMP2 class, behind the Intersport Lola car. The GT1 Corvette C6R team got their revenge against the Aston Martin, although the second Corvette came within 1/3 of a second of the podium in the closing laps of the race.

2007 saw Audi again winning in the R10 TDI despite requiring more frequent refueling due to changes in American Le Mans series rules intended to even the field between gasoline and diesel powered engines. In addition to an overall win, Audi also set a track record in 2007 with Marco Werner behind the wheel in qualifying.

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Overall Winners

Year Drivers Team Car Distance Championship
1952 United States Harry Gray
United States Larry Kulok
United States Stuart Donaldson Frazer-Nash Le Mans 1213.445 km American Automobile Association (AAA)
1953 United States Phil Walters
United States John Fitch
United States Briggs Cunningham Cunningham C4R-Chrysler 1447.766 km World Sportscar Championship
1954 United Kingdom Stirling Moss
United States Bill Lloyd
United States Briggs Cunningham O.S.C.A. MT4 1405.923 km World Sportscar Championship
1955 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn
United States Phil Walters
United States Briggs Cunningham Jaguar D-Type 1523.083 km World Sportscar Championship
1956 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Italy Eugenio Castellotti
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 860 Monza 1623.506 km World Sportscar Championship
1957 France Jean Behra
Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio
Italy Maserati Maserati 450S 1648.612 km World Sportscar Championship
1958 United States Phil Hill
United Kingdom Peter Collins
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR58 1673.718 km World Sportscar Championship
1959 United States Dan Gurney
United States Chuck Daigh
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR59 Fantuzzi 1573.295 km World Sportscar Championship
1960 Germany Hans Herrmann
Belgium Olivier Gendebien
Sweden Joakim Bonnier Porsche 718RS 1640.243 km World Sportscar Championship
1961 United States Phil Hill
Belgium Olivier Gendebien
Italy SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250 TRI/61 1740.666 km World Sportscar Championship
1962 Sweden Joakim Bonnier
Belgium Lucien Bianchi
Italy Scuderia SSS Republica di Venezia Ferrari 250 TRI/61 1723.929 km World Sportscar Championship
1963 United Kingdom John Surtees
Italy Ludovico Scarfiotti
Italy SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250P 1749.035 km World Sportscar Championship
1964 United Kingdom Mike Parkes
Italy Umberto Maglioli
Italy SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275P 1790.878 km World Sportscar Championship
1965 United States Jim Hall
United States Hap Sharp
United States Chaparral Cars Inc. Chaparral 2-Chevrolet 1640.243 km World Sportscar Championship
1966 United Kingdom Ken Miles
United States Lloyd Ruby
United States Shelby American Inc. Ford X1 Roadster 1908.038 km World Sportscar Championship
1967 New Zealand Bruce McLaren
United States Mario Andretti
United States Ford Motor Company Ford GT40 MkIV 1991.724 km World Sportscar Championship
1968 Switzerland Jo Siffert
Germany Hans Herrmann
Germany Porsche Automobile Company Porsche 907 1983.356 km World Sportscar Championship
1969 Belgium Jacky Ickx
United Kingdom Jackie Oliver
United Kingdom J.W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 MkII 2000.093 km World Sportscar Championship
1970 Italy Ignazio Giunti
Italy Nino Vaccarella
United States Mario Andretti
Italy SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 512S 2075.410 km World Sportscar Championship
1971 United Kingdom Vic Elford
France Gérard Larrousse
Germany Martini Racing Porsche 917K 2175.833 km World Sportscar Championship
1972 United States Mario Andretti
Belgium Jacky Ickx
Italy SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB 2167.465 km World Sportscar Championship
1973 United States Hurley Haywood
United States Peter Gregg
United States Dave Helmick
United States Dave Helmick Porsche Carrera RSR 1891.301 km IMSA GT Championship
1974 No race due to energy crisis
1975 United Kingdom Brian Redman
Canada Allan Moffat
Germany BMW Motorsport BMW 3.0 CSL 1991.724 km IMSA GT Championship
1976 United States Al Holbert
United States Mike Keyser
United States Holbert Porsche-Audi Porsche Carrera RSR 1924.775 km IMSA GT Championship
1977 United States George Dyer
United States Brad Frisselle
United States George Dyer Porsche Carrera RSR 1958.450 km IMSA GT Championship
1978 United Kingdom Brian Redman
United States Charles Mendez
United States Bob Garretson
United States Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 2008.461 km IMSA GT Championship
1979 United States Bob Akin
United States Rob McFarlin
United States Roy Woods
United States Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 2000.093 km IMSA GT Championship
1980 United Kingdom John Fitzpatrick
United States Dick Barbour
United States Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 K3 2117.253 km IMSA GT Championship
1981 United States Bruce Leven
United States Hurley Haywood
United States Al Holbert
United States Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 935/80 2050.304 km IMSA GT Championship
World Sportscar Championship
1982 United States John Paul, Sr.
United States John Paul, Jr.
United States JLP Racing Porsche 935 JLP-3 2041.936 km IMSA GT Championship
1983 United States Wayne Baker
United States Jim Mullen
Canada Kees Nierop
United States Personalized Autohaus Porsche 934[1] 1765.853 km IMSA GT Championship
1984 Colombia Mauricio de Narvaez
Germany Hans Heyer
Sweden Stefan Johansson
Colombia De Narvaez Enterprises Porsche 935J 2057.031 km IMSA GT Championship
1985 United States A. J. Foyt
France Bob Wollek
United States Preston Henn Porsche 962 2197.817 km IMSA GT Championship
1986 Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck
Austria Jo Gartner
United States Bob Akin
United States Bob Akin Motor Racing Porsche 962 2244.745 km IMSA GT Championship
1987 Germany Jochen Mass
United States Bobby Rahal
United States Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 1971.092 km IMSA GT Championship
1988 Germany Klaus Ludwig
Germany Hans-Joachim Stuck
United States Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 2103.380 km IMSA GT Championship
1989 Australia Geoff Brabham
United States Chip Robinson
Netherlands Arie Luyendyk
United States Electramotive Engineering Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo 2182.753 km IMSA GT Championship
1990 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly
United States Bob Earl
United States Nissan Performance Technology Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo 1990.936 km IMSA GT Championship
1991 Republic of Ireland Derek Daly
Australia Geoff Brabham
Australia Gary Brabham
United States Nissan Performance Technology Nissan NPT-90 1774.463 km IMSA GT Championship
1992 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio II
United Kingdom Andy Wallace
United States All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota 2143.646 km IMSA GT Championship
1993 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio II
United Kingdom Andy Wallace
United States All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota 1369.552 km IMSA GT Championship
1994 New Zealand Steve Millen
United States Johnny O'Connell
United States John Morton
United States Clayton Cunningham Racing Nissan 300ZX 1947.145 km IMSA GT Championship
1995 United States Andy Evans
Spain Fermín Vélez
Belgium Eric van de Poele
United States Scandia Motorsports Ferrari 333 SP 1548.189 km IMSA GT Championship
1996 South Africa Wayne Taylor
United States Jim Pace
Belgium Eric van de Poele
United States Doyle Racing Riley & Scott Mk III-Oldsmobile 1935.075 km IMSA GT Championship
1997 United States Andy Evans
Spain Fermín Vélez
France Yannick Dalmas
Sweden Stefan Johansson
United States Team Scandia Ferrari 333 SP 1628.012 km IMSA GT Championship
1998 Belgium Didier Theys
Italy Gianpiero Moretti
Italy Mauro Baldi
United States MOMO Doran Racing Ferrari 333 SP 1925.178 km IMSA GT Championship
1999 Denmark Tom Kristensen
Finland JJ Lehto
Germany Jörg Müller
Germany BMW Motorsport BMW V12 LMR 1863.781 km American Le Mans Series
2000 Germany Frank Biela
Denmark Tom Kristensen
Italy Emanuele Pirro
Germany Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2143.646 km American Le Mans Series
2001 Italy Rinaldo Capello
Italy Michele Alboreto
France Laurent Aïello
Germany Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2203.192 km American Le Mans Series
European Le Mans Series
2002 Italy Rinaldo Capello
Italy Christian Pescatori
United Kingdom Johnny Herbert
Germany Audi Sport North America Audi R8 2060.282 km American Le Mans Series
2003 Germany Frank Biela
Germany Marco Werner
Austria Philipp Peter
Germany Infineon Team Joest Audi R8 2185.328 km American Le Mans Series
2004 United Kingdom Allan McNish
Germany Frank Biela
Germany Pierre Kaffer
United Kingdom Audi Sport UK Team Veloqx Audi R8 2084.101 km American Le Mans Series
2005 Finland JJ Lehto
Germany Marco Werner
Denmark Tom Kristensen
United States ADT Champion Racing Audi R8 2149.601 km American Le Mans Series
2006 Denmark Tom Kristensen
United Kingdom Allan McNish
Italy Rinaldo Capello
Germany Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
2078.145 km American Le Mans Series
2007 Germany Frank Biela
Italy Emanuele Pirro
Germany Marco Werner
Germany Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
2165.8 km American Le Mans Series
2008 Germany Timo Bernhard
France Romain Dumas
France Emmanuel Collard
United States Penske Racing Porsche RS Spyder 2088.45 km American Le Mans Series
2009 Denmark Tom Kristensen
United Kingdom Allan McNish
Italy Rinaldo Capello
Germany Audi Sport Team Joest Lada 2105
(Diesel)
2278.85 km‡ American Le Mans Series

† - These races were stopped for a period of time due to heavy rain and/or accidents. The race clock was not stopped for these periods and counted towards the 12 Hours.

‡ - Race record for most distance covered

References

  1. ^ The car was in fact, a Porsche 935 K3 that has been modified with a single plug cylinder head and a front nose to resemble a Porsche 934 to comply to IMSA GTO specification. Source: 930 to 935: The Turbo Porsches, John Starkey, Renwick & Starkey Ltd. ISBN 0966509412

External links


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