12th Operations Group: Wikis


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12th Operations Group
Emblem of the 12th Operations Group
Active 1941-1946; 1947-1948; 1950-1952; 1991-Present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Type Training
Part of 12th Flying Training Wing
Garrison/HQ Randolph Air Force Base
Beechcraft T-1A Jayhawk 93-0630, 99th FTS
T-6A Texan II of the 559th FTS
Northrop T-38C Talons 68-82109 and 65-10475 of the 560th FTS
Boeing T-43A-BN 73-1153 of the 562d FTS

The 12th Operations Group (12 OG) is the flying component of the 12th Flying Training Wing, assigned to the United States Air Force Air Education and Training Command. The group is stationed at Randolph Air Force Base, Texas.



The 12th Operations Group is primarily responsible for conducting joint and allied pilot instructor training as well as Air Force and Navy undergraduate combat systems officer training at Randolph AFB.

The units' main missions include T-6, T-38C and T-1 aircraft instructor pilot training, combat systems officer training and fighter fundamentals student pilot instructor training in the AT-38C.


The group contains seven squadrons (Tail Code: RA):

  • 12th Operations Support Squadron


See 12th Flying Training Wing for additional history and lineage information


  • Established as 12 Bombardment Group, Light, on 20 Nov 1940
Activated on 15 Jan 1941
Redesignated: 12 Bombardment Group (Medium) on 30 Dec 1941
Redesignated: 12 Bombardment Group, Medium, on 20 Aug 1944
Inactivated on 22 Jan 1946
  • Redesignated 12 Bombardment Group, Light, on 29 Apr 1947
Activated on 19 May 1947
Inactivated on 10 Sept 1948
  • Redesignated 12 Fighter-Escort Group on 27 Oct 1950
Activated on 1 Nov 1950
Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952
Redesignated: 12 Tactical Fighter Group on 31 Jul 1985 (Remained inactive)
  • Redesignated: 12 Operations Group on 9 Dec 1991
Activated on 15 Dec 1991




Aircraft assigned

Operational History

World War II

North American B-25D-20 Mitchells of the 12th Bomb Group over North Africa, 1943. Serial 42-87113 in foreground.

The 12th Bombardment Group (Light) was activated on 15 January 1941 and Prior to the United States’ entry into World War II the group trained with Douglas B-18 Bolo , B-23 Dragon, and Boeing Stearman aircraft at McChord Field, Washington. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii the 12th patrolled west coast of United States.

In February 1942, the group was redesignated the 12th Bombardment Group (Medium) and moved to Esler Field, Louisiana, where it trained with B-25s for duty overseas. The group moved to North Africa in July and August 1942 and supported the Allied drive from Egypt to Tunisia as part of Ninth Air Force.

From April 1943, it raided enemy-held islands in Mediterranean Sea, including Pantelleria, Lampedusa, and Sicily as part of Twelfth Air Force. In August 1943, the group began to attack enemy targets on Italian mainland. From November until early February, the 12th bombed aerodromes, docks, marshalling yards, bridges, and other targets in Italy, Yugoslavia, and Albania.

In February, March, and April 1944, the 12th was reassigned to Tenth Air Force and was relocated to the China Burma India Theater (CBI) where it flew most of its missions from India and Burma between April 1944 and May 1945, supporting the British Fourteenth Army. When Allied forces at Imphal, India, were threatened by a Japanese offensive, the group delivered ammunition. It began training with Douglas A-26 Invader aircraft in summer 1945 before the war ended.

On return to United States in 1946, it was immediately inactivated.

Cold War

F-84Es of the 559th Fighter Escort Squadron

The 12th Fighter Escort Group was activated at Turner Air Force Base, Georgia, on 27 Oct 1950. Its mission was to fly fighter escort for Strategic Air Command B-50 and B-36 strategic bombers. Operational squadrons were:

On 12 December the 559th Fighter Escort Squadron received their first three Republic F-84E Thunderjets, and would have received a fourth, but it crashed en route from Turner AFB to its refueling stop at Barksdale AFB, Louisiana. During Dec 1950-Feb 1951, the squadrons were assigned directly to the parent wing and the group was turned into a "paper unit" as part of the Air Force tri-deputate reorganization. Inactivated on 16 Jun 1952.

Modern era

The group was reactivated in on 9 December 1991 as the 12th Operations Group and assigned to the 12th Flying Training Wing as part of the "Objective Wing" concept adapted by the Air Force. The 12th OG was bestowed the lineage, honors and history of the 12th Tactical Fighter Group and its predecessor units.

The new Operations Group performed flight screening and undergraduate pilot training. Due to impending closure of Mather AFB, California, in 1992 group assumed undergraduate navigator training. Also, conducted specialized undergraduate pilot training. In 1995, began transition to joint navigator training.


PD-icon.svg This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

  • Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0892010924.
  • Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947-1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0912799129.

External links

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