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13th United States Congress
USCapitol1814.jpg
United States Capitol (1814)

Duration: March 4, 1813 – March 3, 1815

President of the Senate: Elbridge Gerry, until November 23, 1814
President pro tempore: William H. Crawford
Joseph Bradley Varnum
John Gaillard
Speaker of the House: Henry Clay
Langdon Cheves
Members: 36 Senators
182 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: May 24, 1813 – August 2, 1813
2nd: December 6, 1813 – April 18, 1814
3rd: September 19, 1814 – March 3, 1815
<12th 14th>

The Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1813 to March 3, 1815, during the fifth and sixth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Elbridge Gerry, President of the Senate
President pro tempore
Joseph Varnum
Speaker of the House
Henry Clay

Major events

Major legislation

Treaties ratified

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

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Senate

TOTAL: 36

House of Representatives

TOTAL: 182

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1814; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

There were three plural districts, each had two representatives each.

New York

There were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives.

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Virginia

Non-voting delegates

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 10
  • interim appointments: 3
  • vacancies: 3
  • Total seats with changes: 15
State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
New Hampshire
class 3
Vacant Appointed to fill vacancy Charles Cutts (DR) Appointed April 2, 1813
Maryland
class 3
Vacant Failure to elect Robert H. Goldsborough (F) Seated May 21, 1813
Delaware
class 2
Vacant James A. Bayard (F) resigned at the end of the previous Congress William H. Wells (F) Seated May 28, 1813
Georgia
class 2
William H. Crawford (DR) Resigned March 23, 1813 William B. Bulloch (DR) Seated April 8, 1813
Connecticut
class 3
Chauncey Goodrich (F) Resigned May, 1813 to become Lieutenant Governor David Daggett (F) Seated May 13, 1813
Massachusetts
class 1
James Lloyd (F) Resigned May 1, 1813 Christopher Gore (F) Seated May 5, 1813
New Hampshire
class 3
Charles Cutts (DR) Successor elected June 10, 1813 Jeremiah Mason (F) Seated June 10, 1813
Georgia
class 2
William B. Bulloch (DR) Successor elected November 6, 1813 William W. Bibb (DR) Seated November 6, 1813
Tennessee
class 2
George W. Campbell (DR) Resigned February 11, 1814 after being appointed US Secretary of the Treasury Jesse Wharton (DR) Seated March 17, 1814
Pennsylvania
class 1
Michael Leib (DR) Resigned February 14, 1814 after becoming Postmaster of Philadelphia Jonathan Roberts (DR) Seated February 24, 1814
New Hampshire
class 2
Nicholas Gilman (DR) Died May 2, 1814 Thomas W. Thompson (F) Seated June 24, 1814
Kentucky
class 2
George M. Bibb (DR) Resigned August 23, 1814 George Walker (DR) Seated August 30, 1814
Ohio
class 1
Thomas Worthington (DR) Resigned December 1, 1814 after being elected Governor Joseph Kerr (DR) Seated December 10, 1814
Kentucky
class 2
George Walker (DR) Successor elected December 16, 1814 William T. Barry (DR) Seated December 16, 1814
North Carolina
class 3
David Stone (DR) Resigned December 24, 1814 Vacant for remainder of term Francis Locke was elected, but resigned before qualifying
Kentucky
class 3
Jesse Bledsoe (DR) Resigned December 24, 1814 Isham Talbot (DR) Seated February 2, 1815
Virginia
class 1
Richard Brent (DR) Died December 30, 1814 James Barbour (DR) Seated January 2, 1815
Virginia
class 2
William B. Giles (DR) Resigned March 3, 1815 Vacant Vacant for remainder of term

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 13
  • deaths: 6
  • resignations: 13
  • contested election: 1
  • vacancies: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 19
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kentucky
8th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Simpson died before this Congress began Stephen Ormsby (DR) Seated April 20, 1813
Ohio
6th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Stark Edwards died before this Congress began Reasin Beall (DR) Seated April 20, 1813
Pennsylvania
15th
Vacant Rep.-elect Abner Lacock resigned before commencement of Congress after being elected US Senator Thomas Wilson (DR) Seated May 4, 1813
Pennsylvania
13th
Vacant Rep.-elect John Smilie died before this Congress began Isaac Griffin (DR) Seated May 24, 1813
New York
15th
Vacant Rep-elect William Dowse died before this Congress began John M. Bowers (F) Seated May 26, 1813
Ohio
3rd
Vacant Duncan McArthur Resigned April 5, 1813, having not qualified William Creighton, Jr. (DR) Seated May 14, 1813
Pennsylvania
5th
Robert Whitehill (DR) Died April 8, 1813 John Rea (DR) Seated May 11, 1813
New York
2nd
Egbert Benson (F) Resigned August 2, 1813 William Irving (DR) Seated January 22, 1814
Pennsylvania
3rd
John Gloninger (F) Resigned August 2, 1813 Edward Crouch (DR) Seated October 12, 1813
Pennsylvania
7th
John M. Hyneman (DR) Resigned August 2, 1813 Daniel Udree (DR) Seated October 12, 1813
Illinois Territory
At-large
Shadrach Bond Until August 2, 1813 Vacant
Georgia
At-large
William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned November 6, 1813 after being elected to US Senate Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Seated December 13, 1813
New York
15th
John M. Bowers (F) Contested election December 20, 1813 Isaac Williams, Jr. (DR) Seated December 20, 1813
Tennessee
5th
Felix Grundy (DR) Resigned in 1814 Newton Cannon (DR) Seated September 16, 1814
Kentucky
2nd
Henry Clay (DR) Resigned January 19, 1814 Joseph H. Hawkins (DR) Seated March 29, 1814
Massachusetts
12th
Daniel Dewey (F) Resigned February 24, 1814 after being appointed Associate Judge of Massachusetts Supreme Court John W. Hulbert (F) Seated September 26, 1814
Pennsylvania
2nd
Jonathan Roberts (DR) Resigned February 24, 1814 after being elected US Senator Samuel Henderson (F) Seated October 11, 1814
Virginia
11th
John Dawson (DR) Died March 31, 1814 Philip Barbour (DR) Seated September 19, 1814
Massachusetts
4th
William M. Richardson (DR) Resigned April 18, 1814 Samuel Dana (DR) Seated September 22, 1814
New Jersey
3rd
Jacob Hufty (F) Died May 20, 1814 Thomas Bines (DR) Seated November 2, 1814
Ohio
6th
Reasin Beall (DR) Resigned June 7, 1814 David Clendenin (DR) Seated October 11, 1814
Pennsylvania
3rd
James Whitehill (DR) Resigned September 1, 1814 Amos Slaymaker (F) Seated October 11, 1814
Missouri Territory
At-large
Edward Hempstead Until September 17, 1814 Rufus Easton Seated September 17, 1814
Illinois Territory
At-large
Vacant Benjamin Stephenson Seated November 14, 1814

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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