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14th United States Congress: Wikis

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14th United States Congress
BrickCapitol.jpg
Brick Capitol, later used as a Civil War prison (about 1861)

Duration: March 4, 1815 – March 3, 1817

President of the Senate: Vacant
President pro tempore: John Gaillard
Speaker of the House: Henry Clay
Members: 38 Senators
183 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: December 4, 1815 – April 30, 1816
2nd: December 2, 1816 – March 3, 1817
<13th 15th>

The Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in the Old Brick Capitol in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1815 to March 3, 1817, during the seventh and eighth years of James Madison's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

Major events

Speaker of the House
Henry Clay

Major legislation

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Proposed, but not enacted

Treaties

States admitted and territories organized

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist Unknown Vacant
End of the previous congress 24 10 1 35 1
Begin 21 11 1 33 3
End 25 13 0 38 0
Final voting share 65.8% 34.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next congress 25 13 0 38 0

House of Representatives

Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic-
Republican
Federalist Vacant
End of the previous congress 135 48 181 1
Begin 131 46 177 5
End 136 182 1
Final voting share 74.7% 25.3%
Beginning of the next congress 141 39 180 3

Leadership

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1816; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1818.

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maryland

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives.

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Tennessee
class 1
Vacant George W. Campbell (DR) Took seat October 10, 1815
Maryland
class 1
Vacant Elected March 4, 1815, but delayed installation Robert G. Harper (F) Took seat January, 1816
Virginia
class 2
Vacant Resignation of William B. Giles from previous congress Armistead T. Mason (DR) Took seat January 3, 1816
Tennessee
class 2
Jesse Wharton (DR) Successor elected October 10, 1815. Wharton was appointed in previous term to fill remaining term of George W. Campbell. John Williams (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
North Carolina
class 3
Francis Locke Resigned December 5, 1815, having never qualified Nathaniel Macon (DR) Seated December 13, 1815
Kentucky
class 2
William T. Barry (DR) Resigned May 1, 1816 after being appointed to a judicial position Martin D. Hardin (F) Seated November 13, 1816
Massachusetts
class 1
Christopher Gore (F) Resigned May 30, 1816 Eli P. Ashmun (F) Seated June 12, 1816
South Carolina
class 2
John Taylor (DR) Resigned November, 1816 William Smith (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Georgia
class 2
William W. Bibb (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 after being appointed Governor of Alabama Territory George Troup (DR) Seated November 13, 1816
North Carolina
class 2
James Turner (DR) Resigned November 21, 1816 due to ill health Montfort Stokes (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Maryland
class 1
Robert G. Harper (F) Resigned December, 1816 Alexander C. Hanson (F) Seated December 20, 1816
Indiana
class 1
New seats Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 James Noble (DR) Seated December 11, 1816
Indiana
class 3
Waller Taylor (DR)

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
New York
12th
Vacant death of Benjamin Pond from previous Congress Asa Adgate (DR) Seated June 7, 1815
Pennsylvania
3rd
Vacant Amos Ellmaker declined to serve James M. Wallace (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
Kentucky
2nd
Vacant seat declared vacant by the governor, “caused by the acceptance of Henry Clay to sign a commercial convention as Minister Plenipotentiary to Great Britain Henry Clay (DR) Elected to fill his own vacancy October 30, 1815
New York
17th
Vacant William S. Smith presented credentials, but election was contested Westel Willoughby, Jr. (DR) Successfully contested election December 13, 1815
New York
8th
Vacant John Adams presented credentials, but election was contested Erastus Root (DR) Successfully contested election December 26, 1815
Maryand
5th
Nicholas R. Moore (DR) Resigned in 1815 before convening of Congress Samuel Smith (DR) Seated January 31, 1816
New York
6th
Jonathan Fisk (DR) Resigned in March, 1815 James W. Wilkin (DR) Seated June 7, 1815
Pennsylvania
9th
David Bard (DR) Died March 12, 1815 Thomas Burnside (DR) Seated October 10, 1815
Pennsylvania
1st
Jonathan Williams (DR) Died May 6, 1815 John Sergeant (F) Seated October 10, 1815
Virginia
15th
Matthew Clay (DR) Died May 27, 1815 John Kerr (DR) Seated October 30, 1815
Tennessee
2nd
John Sevier (DR) Died September 24, 1815 William G. Blount (DR) Seated December 8, 1815
North Carolina
6th
Nathaniel Macon (DR) Resigned December 13, 1815 after being elected to the U.S. Senate Weldon N. Edwards (DR) Seated February 7, 1816
Maryland
3rd
Alexander C. Hanson (F) Resigned in 1816 George Peter (F) Seated October 7, 1816
Ohio
1st
John McLean (DR) Resigned in 1816 William Henry Harrison (DR) Seated October 8, 1816
New York
21st
Peter B. Porter (DR) Resigned January 23, 1816 Archibald S. Clarke (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Massacusetts
11th
Elijah Brigham (F) Died February 22, 1816 Benjamin Adams (F) Seated December 2, 1816
Pennsylvania
9th
Thomas Burnside (DR) Resigned April, 1816 William P. Maclay (DR) Seated October 8, 1816
North Carolina
8th
Richard Stanford (DR) Died April 9, 1816 Samuel Dickens (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Maryand
5th
William Pinkney (DR) Resigned April 18, 1816 to accept position as Minister Plenipotentiary to Russia Peter Little (DR) Seated September 2, 1816
Vermont
At-large
Daniel Chipman (F) Resigned May 5, 1816 Vacant until next Congress
New York
20th
Enos T. Throop (DR) Resigned June 4, 1816 Daniel Avery (DR) Seated September 30, 1816
Virginia
18th
Thomas Gholson, Jr. (DR) Died July 4, 1816 Thomas M. Nelson (DR) Seated December 4, 1816
Kentucky
1st
James Clark (DR) Resigned August, 1816 Thomas Fletcher (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Missouri Territory
At-large
Rufus Easton Served until August 5, 1816 John Scott Seated August 6, 1816
Illinois Territory
At-large
Benjamin Stephenson Term ended September 3, 1816 Nathaniel Pope Seated September 5, 1816
Virginia
23rd
John Clopton (DR) Died September 11, 1816 John Tyler (DR) Seated December 17, 1816
South Carolina
9th
William Mayrant (DR) Resigned October 21, 1816 Stephen D. Miller (DR) Seated January 2, 1817
North Carolina
5th
William R. King (DR) Resigned November 4, 1816 Charles Hooks (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Georgia
At-large
Alfred Cuthbert (DR) Resigned November 9, 1816 Zadock Cook (DR) Seated December 2, 1816
Indiana Territory Jonathan Jennings (Territorial delegate) Indiana was admitted to the Union on December 11, 1816 William Hendricks (DR) Seated December 11, 1816
Indiana
At-large
Missouri Territory
At-large
John Scott Election declared illegal and the seat vacant January 13, 1817 Vacant until next Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links


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