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1492, Columbus opens the route to the New World for Spain. Beginning of the Modern Age.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 14th century · 15th century · 16th century
Decades: 1400s 1410s 1420s 1430s 1440s
1450s 1460s 1470s 1480s 1490s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was the century which lasted from 1401 to 1500.

Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, falls to emerging Ottoman Turks, forcing Western Europeans to find a new trade route.

Spanish and Portuguese explorations led to discovery of the Americas and the sea passage along Cape of Good Hope to India for the European civilization. After this discoveries, transportation increased between all continents of the earth.

The Papacy was split in two parts in Europe for decades, until the Council of Constance.

Tamerlane established a major empire in the Middle East and Central Asia, in order to revive the Mongolian Empire. The Inca Empire rose to prominence in South America

The 15th century was a bridge between the Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the Early modern period.

Contents

Events

Joan of Arc, a French peasant girl, directly influenced the result of the Hundred Years' War.
Matthias Corvinus of Hungary The renaissance king, His mercenary standing army (the Black Army) had the strongest military potential of its era
Modern painting of Mehmed II marching on Constantinople in 1453
The Siege of Rhodes (1480). Ships of the Hospitaliers in the forefront, and Turkish camp in the background.

Significant people

Isabella of Castile helped unify Spain via a dynastic marriage with Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469.
King Henry VII, (1457–1509), the founder of the royal house of Tudor
Sir John Everett Millais, The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower, 1483, Royal Holloway collection, 1878

Visual artists, architects, sculptors, printmakers, illustrators

An African giraffe being led into a Ming Dynasty zoo, a Chinese painting by She Du, 1414 AD, during the reign of the Yongle Emperor.

See links above for Italian Renaissance painting and Renaissance sculpture.

Literature

Musicians and Composers

Exploration

Science, invention and philosophy

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

List of 15th century inventions

References

  1. ^ Mueller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Durers, Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-012815-2.
  2. ^ also sometimes in contemporary documents Barthélemy de Cler, der Clers, Deick d'Ecle, d'Eilz – Harthan, John, The Book of Hours, p.93, 1977, Thomas Y Crowell Company, New York, ISBN 0690016549
  3. ^ Unterkircher, Franz (1980). King René's Book of Love (Le Cueur d'Amours Espris). New York: G. Braziller. ISBN 0-8076-0989-7.  
  4. ^ Tolley
  5. ^ Brigstocke, 2001, p. 338
  6. ^ "Hans Holbein". Catholic Encyclopedia. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07385a.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-18.  
  7. ^ Platt, Colin (1996). King Death: The Black Death and its aftermath in late-medieval England. London: UCL Press Limited. ISBN 1-85728-313-9.  
  8. ^ "Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni, Conte" in Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, volume 15, copyright 1991. Grolier Inc., ISBN 0-7172-5300-7
  9. ^ Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486) http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/pico.html

Sources

Tolley, Thomas (2001). "Eyck, Barthélemy d'". in Hugh Brigstocke. The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-866203-3.  

Decades and years


, Columbus opens the route to the New World for Spain. Beginning of the Modern Age.]]

Millennium: [[2Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: millennium|2Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: millennium]]
Centuries: [[14Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century|14Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century]]Template:· [[15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century|15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century]]Template:· [[16Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century|16Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst: century]]
Decades: 1400s 1410s 1420s 1430s 1440s
1450s 1460s 1470s 1480s 1490s
Categories: [[:Category:15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:-century births|Births]] – [[:Category:15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:-century deaths|Deaths]]
[[:Category:15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:-century establishments|Establishments]] – [[:Category:15Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:Template:Safesubst:-century disestablishments|Disestablishments]]

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was the century which lasted from 1401 to 1500.

Constantinople, the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, falls to emerging Ottoman Turks, forcing Western Europeans to find a new trade route.

Spanish and Portuguese explorations led to discovery of the Americas and the sea passage along Cape of Good Hope to India for the European civilization. After this discovery, transportation increased between all continents of the earth.

The Papacy was split in two parts in Europe for decades, until the Council of Constance.

Tamerlane established a major empire in the Middle East and Central Asia, in order to revive the Mongolian Empire. The Inca Empire rose to prominence in South America.

The 15th century was a bridge between the Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the Early modern period.

Contents

Events

, a French peasant girl, directly influenced the result of the Hundred Years' War.]]

The renaissance king, His mercenary standing army (the Black Army) had the strongest military potential of its era]] 
marching on Constantinople in 1453]]

]]

(1480). Ships of the Hospitaliers in the forefront, and Turkish camp in the background.]]

Significant people

helped unify Spain via a dynastic marriage with Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1469.]]

, (1457–1509), the founder of the royal house of Tudor]] , The Two Princes Edward and Richard in the Tower, 1483, Royal Holloway collection, 1878]]

Visual artists, architects, sculptors, printmakers, illustrators

giraffe being led into a Ming Dynasty zoo, a Chinese painting by She Du, 1414 AD, during the reign of the Yongle Emperor.]] 

See links above for Italian Renaissance painting and Renaissance sculpture.

Literature

File:Francois Villon
Francois Villon, from the Grand Testament de Maistre François Villon, Paris, 1489

Musicians and Composers

(right), with Guillaume Dufay]]

Exploration

[[File:|thumb|upright|Vasco da Gama, c. 1524]]

Science, invention and philosophy

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

List of 15th century inventions

References

  1. ^ Mueller, Peter O. (1993) Substantiv-Derivation in Den Schriften Albrecht Durers, Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 3-11-012815-2.
  2. ^ also sometimes in contemporary documents Barthélemy de Cler, der Clers, Deick d'Ecle, d'Eilz – Harthan, John, The Book of Hours, p.93, 1977, Thomas Y Crowell Company, New York, ISBN 0690016549
  3. ^ Unterkircher, Franz (1980). King René's Book of Love (Le Cueur d'Amours Espris). New York: G. Braziller. ISBN 0-8076-0989-7. 
  4. ^ Tolley
  5. ^ Brigstocke, 2001, p. 338
  6. ^ "Hans Holbein". Catholic Encyclopedia. http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07385a.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-18. 
  7. ^ Platt, Colin (1996). King Death: The Black Death and its aftermath in late-medieval England. London: UCL Press Limited. ISBN 1-85728-313-9. 
  8. ^ "Pico della Mirandola, Giovanni, Conte" in Grolier Encyclopedia of Knowledge, volume 15, copyright 1991. Grolier Inc., ISBN 0-7172-5300-7
  9. ^ Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486) http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~wldciv/world_civ_reader/world_civ_reader_1/pico.html

Sources

Tolley, Thomas (2001). "Eyck, Barthélemy d'". In Hugh Brigstocke. The Oxford Companion to Western Art. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-866203-3. 

Decades and years








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