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168 BC: Wikis

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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Centuries: 3rd century BC2nd century BC1st century BC
Decades: 190s BC  180s BC  170s BC  – 160s BC –  150s BC  140s BC  130s BC
Years: 171 BC 170 BC 169 BC168 BC167 BC 166 BC 165 BC
168 BC by topic
Politics
State leaders – Sovereign states
Birth and death categories
Births – Deaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
168 BC in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 168 BC
Ab urbe condita 586
Armenian calendar N/A
Bahá'í calendar -2011 – -2010
Bengali calendar -760
Berber calendar 783
Buddhist calendar 377
Burmese calendar -805
Byzantine calendar 5341 – 5342
Chinese calendar [[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
(2469/2529)
— to —
[[Sexagenary cycle|]]年
(2470/2530)
Coptic calendar -451 – -450
Ethiopian calendar -175 – -174
Hebrew calendar 3593 – 3594
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat -112 – -111
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2934 – 2935
Holocene calendar 9833
Iranian calendar 789 BP – 788 BP
Islamic calendar 813 BH – 812 BH
Japanese calendar
Korean calendar 2166
Thai solar calendar 376

Events

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By place

Greece

  • The king of Illyria, Gentius, is defeated at Scodra by a Roman force under Lucius Anicius Gallus and then brought to Rome as a captive to be interned in Iguvium. This loss removes Illyria as an important ally for Macedonia and effectively weakens Perseus of Macedon in his battle with Rome.
  • The Roman general, Lucius Aemilius Paulus, is elected consul and arrives in Thessaly to lead the Roman army which has been trapped by Perseus' forces.
  • June 22—The Battle of Pydna (in southern Macedonia) gives Roman forces under Lucius Aemilius Paulus a crushing victory over Perseus and his Macedonian forces, thus ending the Third Macedonian War. Perseus is captured by the Romans and will spend the rest of his life in captivity at Alba Fucens, near Rome.
  • The Macedonian kingdom is broken up by the Romans into four smaller states, and all the Greek cities which have offered aid to Macedonia, even just in words, are punished. The Romans take hundreds of prisoners from the leading families of Macedonia, including the historian Polybius.

Egypt

Seleucid Empire

  • The fleet of the Seleucid king Antiochus IV wins a victory off Cyprus, whose governor then surrenders the island to him.
  • Antiochus IV then invades Egypt again and occupies Lower Egypt and his forces camp outside Alexandria. However, the Roman ambassador in Alexandria, Gaius Popillius Laenas, intervenes. He presents Antiochus IV with an ultimatum that he evacuate Egypt and Cyprus immediately. Antiochus, taken by surprise, asks for time to consider. Popillius, however, draws a circle in the earth (i.e. "a line in the sand") around the king with his walking stick and demands an unequivocal answer before Antiochus leaves the circle. Fearing the consequences of a war with Rome, the king agrees to comply with the ambassador's demands. In return, the Romans agree that Antiochus IV can retain southern Syria, to which Egypt has laid claim, thus enabling Antiochus IV to preserve the territorial integrity of his realm.
  • Jason removes Menelaus as High Priest in Jerusalem, which Antiochus IV regards as an affront to his majesty.

Births

  • Tiberius Sempronius Gracchus, Roman politician who would create turmoil in the Republic through his attempts to legislate agrarian reforms in the Roman Republic (d. 133 BC)

Deaths


Simple English

Events

  • June 22 - Third Macedonian War ends with the Battle of Pydna. Romans under Lucius Aemilius Paullus (awarded the surname "Macedonicus" for this victory) defeat and capture Perseus of Macedon when he surrendered. This ends the Antigonid dynasty, one of the three successor empires created upon the death of Alexander the Great, and starts Roman domination of Greece.



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