|16th Brigade (Aviation)|
|Allegiance||Commonwealth of Australia|
|Part of||Australian Defence Force|
The 16th Brigade (Aviation) currently commands most of the Australian Army's aviation units. As a formation of the Australian Army, the 16th Brigade has been raised and disbanded a number of times since it was first raised during World War I, when it existed only briefly in 1917 and did not participate in any fighting. It was raised again in 1939 for service during World War II, during which it saw action in Libya, Greece and New Guinea before being disbanded in 1946 after the conflict had ended. On 2 April 2002 the Brigade was raised once again, this time as an aviation unit, through the amalgamation of the Aviation Support Group and the 1st Division's Aviation unit.
The 16th Brigade (Aviation) currently consists of: 
|Boeing CH-47 Chinook||United States||Transport helicopter||CH-47D||6|
|Eurocopter Tiger||European Union||Attack helicopter||Tiger ARH||15 + 7|
|Sikorsky S-70 Blackhawk||United States||Utility helicopter||S-70A-9||35|
The 16th Infantry Brigade was formed in England, on the Salisbury Plain, as part of the 6th Division on 17 March 1917. The unit it did not see any action and was disbanded on 19 October 1917 due to manpower shortages in the AIF.
The 16th Infantry Brigade was reformed on 13 October 1939, again as part of the 6th Division. The 16th Brigade fought in the Western Desert Campaign in Libya, the Battle of Greece, the Kokoda Track campaign and the Battle of Buna–Gona in Papua, and in the Aitape–Wewak campaign in New Guinea.