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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century18th century19th century
Decades: 1740s  1750s  1760s  – 1770s –  1780s  1790s  1800s
Years: 1772 1773 177417751776 1777 1778
1775 in topic:
Subjects:     ArchaeologyArchitecture
ArtLiterature (Poetry) – MusicScience
Countries:   CanadaGreat Britain
Leaders:   State leadersColonial governors
Category: EstablishmentsDisestablishments
BirthsDeathsWorks

Year 1775 (MDCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Contents

Events of 1775

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Summary

The American Revolution begins this year, with the first military engagement being the April 19 Battles of Lexington and Concord on the day after Paul Revere's now-legendary ride. The Second Continental Congress takes various steps toward organizing an American government, appointing George Washington commander-in-chief (June 14), Benjamin Franklin postmaster general (July 26) and creating a Continental Navy (October 13) and a Marine force (November 10) as landing troops for it, but as yet the 13 colonies have not declared independence, and both the British (June 12) and American (July 15) governments make separate moves toward reconciliation, although on July 6, Congress issues the Declaration of the Causes and Necessity of Taking Up Arms and on August 23, King George III of England declares the American colonies in rebellion, announcing it to Parliament on November 10. Two months into the colonial siege of Boston, at the Battle of Bunker Hill, just north of Boston, British forces on June 17 are victorious, but only after severe casualties and after Colonial forces run out of ammunition, Fort Ticonderoga is taken by American forces in New York Colony's northern frontier, and American forces unsuccessfully invade Canada, with an attack on Montreal defeated by British forces on November 13 and an attack on Quebec repulsed December 31.

Human knowledge and mastery over nature advances when James Watt builds a successful prototype of a steam engine, and a scientific expedition continues as Captain James Cook claims the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands in the south Atlantic Ocean for Britain. Nature's power over humanity is dramatically demonstrated when the Independence Hurricane (August 29 – September 13) devastates the east coast of North America, killing 4,170, and when, on the western side of the North American continent, Tseax Cone erupts in the future British Columbia, as well as when a smallpox epidemic begins in New England. Smallpox was then cured by scientist Edward Jenner. Not to mention the U.S.Marines were created

January–June

July–December

August 18: Tucson is founded.

Undated

Births

1775 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar 1775
MDCCLXXV
Ab urbe condita 2528
Armenian calendar 1224
ԹՎ ՌՄԻԴ
Bahá'í calendar -69 – -68
Bengali calendar 1182
Berber calendar 2725
Buddhist calendar 2319
Burmese calendar 1137
Byzantine calendar 7283 – 7284
Chinese calendar 甲午年十一月三十日
(4411/4471-11-30)
— to —
乙未年十一月初十日
(4412/4472-11-10)
Coptic calendar 1491 – 1492
Ethiopian calendar 1767 – 1768
Hebrew calendar 5535 – 5536
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1830 – 1831
 - Shaka Samvat 1697 – 1698
 - Kali Yuga 4876 – 4877
Holocene calendar 11775
Iranian calendar 1153 – 1154
Islamic calendar 1188 – 1189
Japanese calendar An'ei 4
(安永4年)
Korean calendar 4108
Thai solar calendar 2318

Deaths

References

  1. ^ "Battles of Lexington and Concord" (history), Britannica Student Encyclopedia, 2006, Britannica.com/ebi webpage: Brit-EBI-454: states "The American Revolution began on April 19, 1775, with the Battles of Lexington and Concord."

Quotes

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

This page is a placeholder for a page about the year 1775. The Wikiquote community has not yet come to a consensus on what this page, and calendar-year pages generally, ought to say. Please discuss any suggestions for the contents of year pages at the Village pump. In the meantime, Wikipedia's 1775 article offers a list of noteworthy events of this year.

Simple English

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century - 18th century - 19th century
Decades: 1740s  1750s  1760s  - 1770s -  1780s  1790s  1800s
Years: 1772 1773 1774 - 1775 - 1776 1777 1778

Events

Births

Deaths

  • krc:1775 джыл

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