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1876 Democratic National Convention
1876 Presidential Election
SamuelJTilden.png ThomasAHendricks-small.png
Date(s) June 27-June 29
City St. Louis, Missouri
Venue Merchants Exchange Building
Presidential Nominee Samuel Tilden of New York
Vice Presidential Nominee Thomas Hendricks of Indiana
1872  ·  1880

The 1876 Democratic National Convention assembled in St. Louis just nine days after the conclusion of the Republican National Convention. The convention opened with three contenders, Bourbon Democrat Samuel J. Tilden of New York, Thomas Hendricks of Indiana and Union General Winfield S. Hancock of Pennsylvania. Tilden led on the first vote, but was strongly opposed by John Kelley, the leader of New York's Tammany Hall. Kelley's opposition was not enough to stop the nomination, and Tilden won on the second ballot. Thomas Hendricks was picked to be Tilden's running mate.

It was the first Democratic or Republican national convention west of the Mississippi River. St. Louis was notified in February 1876 that it had been selected. Among the events was a fireworks display from the top of the Old Courthouse.


The Conventon

The convention was called to order by Democratic National Committee chairman Augustus Schell. Henry Watterson served as the temporary convention chairman and General John A. McClernand served as permanent convention president.

Candidates gallery

Tilden/Hendricks campaign poster

The 12th Democratic National Convention assembled in St. Louis in June 1876. This was the first political convention held west of the Mississippi River. Five thousand people jammed the auditorium in St. Louis, for the sweet smell of victory was in the air, the first in twenty years for the Democrats. The platform, with its sharp cry for immediate and sweeping reforms, sent the delegates into an ecstasy of political fervor. The historical conjuction of Tilden, the country's greatest reformer, with the crying need for reform brought Tilden more than four hundred votes on the first ballot and the nomination by a landslide on the second.

Tilden defeated Thomas Hendricks, Winfield S. Hancock, and William Allen for the Presidential nomination. Although Tilden was strongly opposed by John Kelley, the leader of New York's Tammany Hall, he was still able to defeat his opponents for the nomination. Thomas Hendricks was nominated for Vice President.

It is claimed that his nomination was received by the voting Democrats with more enthusiasm than any leader since Andrew Jackson.[1]

Presidential Ballot
Ballot 1st 2nd
Samuel J. Tilden 401.5 535
Thomas A. Hendricks 140.5 85
Winfield Scott Hancock 75 58
William Allen 54 54
Thomas F. Bayard 33 4
Joel Parker 18 0
James Broadhead 16 0
Allen G. Thurman 3 2

Source: US President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

Vice Presidential Ballot
Thomas A. Hendricks 730
Abstaining 8

Source: US Vice President - D Convention. Our Campaigns. (August 26, 2009).

See also



External links

Preceded by
Democratic National Conventions Succeeded by


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