A cross (A), planted on the high road, directs travellers to the
gate of the monastery. reached by an avenue of trees. On one side
of the gate-house (B) is a long building (C), probably the almonry,
with a dormitory above for the lower class of guests. On the other
side is a chapel (D). As soon as the porter heard a stranger knock
at the gate, he rose, saying, Deo gratias, the opportunity for the
exercise of hospitality being regarded as a cause for thankfulness.
On opening the door he welcomed the new arrival with a blessing
—Benedicite. He fell on his knees before him, and then went to
inform the abbot. However important the abbot's occupations might
be, he at once hastened to receive him whom heaven had sent. He
also threw himself at his guest's feet, and conducted him to the
chapel (D) purposely built close to the gate. After a short prayer,
the abbot committed the guest to the care of the brother
hospitaller, whose duty it was to provide for his wants and conduct
the beast on which he might be riding to the stable (F), built
adjacent to the inner gatehouse (E). This inner gate conducted into
the base court (T), round which were placed the barns, stables,
cow-sheds, &c. On the eastern side stood the dormitory of the
lay brothers, fratres conversi (G), detached from the cloister,
with cellars and storehouses below. At H, also outside the monastic
buildings proper, was the abbot's house, and annexed to it the
guest-house. For these buildings there was a separate door of
entrance into the church (S). The large cloister, with its
surrounding arcades, is seen at V. On the south end projects the
refectory (K), with its kitchen at I, accessible from the base
court. The long gabled building on the east side of the cloister
contained on the ground floor the chapter-house and calefactory,
with the monks' dormitory above (M), communicating with the south
transept of the church. At L was the staircase to the dormitory.
The small cloister is at W, where were the carols or cells of the
scribes, with the library (P) over, reached by a turret staircase.
At R we see a portion of the infirmary. The whole precinct is
surrounded by a strong buttressed wall (XXX), pierced with
FIG. 8.—Bird's-eye view of
A. Cross. H. Abbot's house. R. Infirmary.
B. Gate-house. I. Kitchen. S. Door to the church
C. Almonry. K. Refectory. for the lay brothers.
D. Chapel. L. Staircase to dormitory.
E. Inner gate-house. T. Base court.
F. Stable. M. Dormitory. V. Great cloister.
G. Dormitory of lay N. Church. W. Small cloister.
brethren. P. Library. X. Boundary wall.
through which streams of water are introduced. It will be
noticed that the choir of the church is short, and has a square end
instead of the usual apse. The tower, in accordance with the
Cistercian rule, is very low. The windows throughout accord with
the studied simplicity of the order.