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Games of the V Olympiad
Host city Stockholm, Sweden
Nations participating 28
Athletes participating 2,407 (2,359 men, 48 women)
Events 102 in 14 sports
Opening ceremony May 5
Closing ceremony July 22
Officially opened by King Gustaf V
Stadium Stockholms Olympiastadion

The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. For the first time, competitors in the Games came from all five continents symbolized in the Olympic rings. Also for the first time since 1896, all athletic events were held within a reasonably short time span of about one month, from late June to late July (though the opening ceremony was still held much earlier). It was the last time that solid gold medals were awarded; modern medals are usually gold plated silver. The main arena was Stockholms Olympiastadion.

A winter sports week for the 1912 Games featuring figure skating was rejected by organizers because they wanted to promote the Nordic Games, a quadrennial sporting event, instead.

Contents

Highlights

  • Francisco Lázaro, a Portuguese runner died from a heart attack while running the marathon, the first athlete in the history of the modern Olympics to die during competition.
  • A Greco-Roman Wrestling bout between Klein and Asikainen lasted 11 hours and forty minutes—the world's longest wrestling match.[1][2] After Klein finally took the victory, he was too tired to compete in the final. Thus Johansson, the other wrestler to make the final-three to determine the medals, whose only loss in the elimination rounds had been the double loss to Asikainen, became the gold medalist.
  • American Jim Thorpe won the pentathlon and the newly created decathlon. He was disqualified because of violation of the rules of amateurism, even though these rules were applied inconsistently at the time.[3] After evidence concerning these inconsistencies was presented to the International Olympic Committee, the IOC decided in 1982 to posthumously reinstate Thorpe's name as the true winner of the contests he had won, and to present his heirs with duplicate medals.[4].
  • The U.S. Olympic Team included 14 members of the Irish American Athletic Club, including gold medalists George Bonhag, Abel Kiviat, Patrick McDonald and Mel Sheppard.[5]
  • Swedish marksman Oscar Swahn became the oldest Olympic gold medalist (up to that time), at the age of 64, in the deer-shooting event.
  • Women's events in swimming and diving were introduced.
Opening Ceremony
  • Sweden, as the host country, refused to allow boxing events.
  • Future World War II General George S. Patton took part in the first modern pentathlon competition. Modern pentathlon was the idea of Pierre de Coubertin.
  • In athletics, electric timing devices were first used.
  • This was the last Olympics where "private entries" were allowed (ie not part of a country's officially selected team). Arnold Jackson was one such, winning the 1500m by 0.1 second, ahead of an American trio, who were strong favourites, in what was acclaimed at the time as "the greatest race ever run". He was aged 21 at the time. No one younger has ever won this event.
  • Ewart Douglas Horsfall won his first two gold medals for Great Britain in rowing. He has widely been considered Britain's greatest rower prior to Steve Redgrave.
  • 1912 saw the first art competitions at the Olympic Games, a tradition that was to be kept up until 1948. Only two persons have won Olympic medals in both sport and art competitions. Walter Winans, an American who lived in England, won a gold medal as a marksman at the 1908 Summer Olympics in the running deer (double shot) competition. In 1912, he won another shooting medal — silver this time — in the running deer team competition as well as a gold medal for his sculpture An American trotter. The other Olympian with successes in both fields is Alfréd Hajós of Hungary. As a swimmer, he won two gold medals at the 1896 Athens Olympics. Twenty-eight years later, he was awarded a silver medal in architecture for his stadium design, co-designed with Dezső Lauber.

Medals awarded

Jim Thorpe in action at the 1912 Olympics.

Demonstration sport

Participating nations

Participants

28 nations competed in Stockholm.

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1912 Games.

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 United States 25 19 19 63
2 Sweden (host nation) 24 24 17 65
3 Great Britain 10 15 16 41
4 Finland 9 8 9 26
5 France 7 4 3 14
6 Germany 5 13 7 25
7 South Africa 4 2 0 6
8 Norway 4 1 4 9
9 Canada 3 2 3 8
Hungary 3 2 3 8

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Ancient art back in Athens BBC story, 16 March 2004
  2. ^ The World's Longest Wrestling Match (thelongestlistofthelongeststuffatthelongestdomainnameatlonglast.com)
  3. ^ Botelho, Greg.Roller-coaster life of Indian icon, sports' first star, CNN.com, July 14, 2004, accessed April 23, 2007.
  4. ^ Anderson, Dave. "Jim Thorpe's Family Feud", The New York Times, February 7, 1983, accessed April 23, 2007.
  5. ^ http://www.sports-reference.com/olympics/countries/USA/summer/1912/

References

External links

Preceded by
London
Summer Olympic Games
Stockholm

V Olympiad (1912)
Succeeded by
Berlin

Simple English

The 1912 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the V Olympiad, were held in 1912 in Stockholm, Sweden. For the first time, athletes in the Games came from all five continents symbolized in the Olympic rings. It was also the last time that solid gold medals were given to winners; modern medals are usually silver covered in gold. The main arena was Stockholms Olympiastadion.

Participating nations

28 nations competed in Stockholm.

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Olympic Games
Summer Games: 1896, 1900, 1904, 1906, 1908, 1912, (1916), 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016, 2020, 2024, 2028
Winter Games: 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, (1940), (1944), 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964, 1968, 1972, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1994, 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, 2014, 2018, 2022
Athens 2004Turin 2006Beijing 2008Vancouver 2010London 2012Sochi 2014Rio 2016

Games in italics will be held in the future, and those in (brackets) were cancelled because of war. See also: Ancient Olympic Games

Youth Olympic Games
Summer Games:2010, 2014, 2018
Winter Games:2012, 2016
Singapore 2010Innsbruck 2012Nanjing 2014








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