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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s1920s1930s 1940s 1950s
Years: 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

The 1920s was the decade that started on January 1, 1920 and ended on December 31, 1929. It is sometimes referred to as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age, when speaking about the United States, Canada or the United Kingdom. In Europe the decade is sometimes referred to as the "Golden Twenties" [1] because of the economic boom following World War I.

Since the end of the 20th century, the economic strength during the 1920s has drawn close comparison with the 1950s and 1990s, especially in the United States. These three decades are regarded as periods of economic prosperity, which lasted throughout nearly each entire decade. Each of the three decades followed a tremendous event that occurred in the previous decade (World War I and Spanish flu in the 1910s, World War II in the 1940s, and the end of the Cold War in the late 1980s).

However, not all countries enjoyed this prosperity. The Weimar Republic, like many other European countries, had to face a severe economic downturn in the opening years of the decade, because of the enormous debt caused by the war as well as the Treaty of Versailles. Such a crisis would culminate with a devaluation of the Mark in 1923, eventually leading to severe economic problems and, in the long term, favour the rise of the Nazi Party.

Additionally, the decade was characterized by the rise of radical political movements, especially in regions that were once part of empires. Communism began attracting large numbers of followers following the success of the October Revolution and the Bolsheviks' determination to win the subsequent Russian Civil War. The Bolsheviks would eventually adopt a policy of mixed economics, from 1921 to 1928, and also give birth to the Soviet Union, at the end of 1922. The 1920s marked the first time in the United States that the population in the cities surpassed the population of rural areas. This was due to rapid urbanization starting in the 1920s.

The 1920s also experienced the rise of the Far right and fascism in Europe and elsewhere, being perceived as a solution to prevent the spread of Communism. The knotty economic problems also favoured the rise of dictators in Eastern Europe and the Balkans, such as Józef Piłsudski in the Second Polish Republic and Peter and Alexander Karađorđević in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The devastating Wall Street Crash in October 1929 drew a line under the prosperous 1920s.

Contents

War, peace and politics

Wars

Internal conflicts

Major political changes

  • The rise of Communism following World War I.

Decolonization and independence

  • Irish Free State gains independence from the United Kingdom in 1922.
  • Egypt officially becomes an independent country in 1922, though it still remains under military and political influence of the British Empire.

International issues

See also Social issues of the 1920s

United States

Prohibition agents destroying barrels of alcohol.

Europe

Asia

Africa

Billy Gillian led by black people in Africa including African Americans.[2]

Economics

Crowd gathering on Wall Street after the 1929 crash.

Technology

Popular Culture

Film

Movie poster for The Jazz Age (1929) with the slogan 'A Scathing Indictment of the Bewidered Children of Pleasure....Riding the Gilded Juggernaut of Jazz & Gin'

Music

  • "The Jazz Age" — jazz and jazz-influenced dance music widely popular.

Radio

  • First commercial radio station in the U.S. (KDKA 1020 AM) goes on air in Pittsburgh in 1920; radio quickly becomes a popular entertainment medium.

Arts

Literature

Architecture

Bauhaus College in Dessau

Miscellaneous trends

People

World leaders

Science

Literature

Entertainers

Charlie Chaplin during the 1920s

Musicians

Film makers

Artists

Sports figures

Babe Ruth in 1920.

Endnotes

References

Other resources

  • Robert Sobel The Great Bull Market: Wall Street in the 1920s. (1968)

Simple English

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 19th century20th century21st century
Decades: 1890s 1900s 1910s1920s1930s 1940s 1950s
Years: 1920 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929
Categories: BirthsDeathsArchitecture
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

The 1920s was the decade that started on January 1, 1920 and ended on December 31, 1929. This decade was known as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age.

The most important events

Important people

World leaders








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