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1929 Barcelona International Exposition: Wikis

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The 1929 Barcelona International Exposition (also 1929 Barcelona Universal Exposition, short Expo 1929) was held in Barcelona (Spain), from May 20, 1929 to January 15, 1930.[1] Its cost was about 130 million pesetas (25,083,921 dollars).[1] It took place on Montjuic hill, comprising an 118 ha (291,58 acre) area.[1]

Among the participating countries, the most relevant were Germany, Belgium, Denmark, France, Hungary, Italy, Norway, Romania and Switzerland. Also American and Japanese private expositors had taken part of it.[1]

In Barcelona, the previous 1888 Universal Exposition implied city’s economic, architectural and technological growth and development, including the reconstruction of the Parc de la Ciutadella, the main public park of this city. A new exposition proposal was projected to show its technological progress and feature the modern Catalonian industry. This exhibition required the urbanisation of Montjuic and its adjacent areas and the renovation of public spaces, principally the Plaça d'Espanya.

The exposition involved the city’s urbanistic development[2] and the consolidation of early 20th century cultural movements as well, like the Noucentisme. Besides, it implied the insertion of avant-garde tendencies like the rationalism, like the Barcelona Pavilion, designed by German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.[2] The exposition also conceived the erection of several emblematic buildings and structures like the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya,[2] the Font màgica de Montjuïc,[2] the Teatre Grec[2] and the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys.[2]

The exposition's enclosure.

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Barcelone 1929" (in French). Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. http://www.webcitation.org/5kAsB87k8. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  
  2. ^ a b c d e f Francesc-Xavier Mingorance i Ricart. "La Exposición Internacional de Barcelona de 1929" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2009-09-30. http://www.webcitation.org/5kAsBWrg2. Retrieved 2009-09-27.  

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