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1934 FIFA World Cup
Campionato Mondiale di Calcio

1934 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Italy
Dates 27 May – 10 June
Teams 16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 8 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Italy (1st title)
Runner-up  Czechoslovakia
Third place  Germany
Fourth place  Austria
Tournament statistics
Matches played 17
Goals scored 70 (4.12 per match)
Attendance 358,000 (21,059 per match)
Top scorer(s) Czechoslovakia Oldřich Nejedlý (5 goals)

The 1934 FIFA World Cup, or the World's Cup[1] as it was known then, was the second football World Cup staged, and hosted by Italy from 27 May to 10 June. Italy was chosen as hosts by FIFA at the Stockholm congress of October 1932. It was the first World Cup for which teams would have to qualify in order to take part. 32 nations entered the competition, and after qualification, 16 teams participated in the finals tournament. Italy became the second World Cup champions, beating Czechoslovakia in the final, 2–1.

Contents

Qualification and participants

Qualifying countries

After a lengthy decision-making process in which FIFA's executive committee met eight times,[2] Italy was chosen as the host nation at a meeting in Stockholm on 9 October 1932.[3] The decision was taken by the executive committee without a ballot of members.[3] The Italian bid was chosen in preference to one from Sweden;[4] the Italian government assigned a budget of 3.5 million lire to the tournament.[5] 32 countries applied to enter the tournament, so qualifying matches were required to thin the field to 16.[3] Even so, there were several notable absentees. Reigning World Cup holders Uruguay declined to participate, in protest at the refusal of several European countries to travel to South America for the previous World Cup, which Uruguay hosted in 1930.[6] As a result, the 1934 World Cup is the only one in which the reigning champions did not participate.[7] The Home Nations, in a period of self-imposed exile from FIFA, also refused to participate. Football Association committee member Charles Sutcliffe's view was typical of British attitudes: "the national associations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland have quite enough to do in their own International Championship which seems to me a far better World Championship than the one to be staged in Rome".[8]

Despite their role as hosts, Italy were still required to qualify, the first and only time the host nation was not granted automatic qualification.[3] The qualifying matches were arranged on a geographical basis. Withdrawals by Chile and Peru meant Argentina and Brazil qualified without playing a single match.[9]

Only ten of the 32 entrants, and four of the 16 qualified teams (Brazil, Argentina, United States and Egypt, the first African team to qualify for a World Cup finals tournament), were from outside Europe. The last place in the finals was contested between the United States and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Rome, which the United States won.[10]

Italy as hosts

Like the Berlin Olympics two years later, the 1934 World Cup was a high-profile instance of a sporting event being used for overt political gain. Benito Mussolini was keen to use the tournament as a means of promoting fascism.

The number of supporters travelling from other countries was higher than at any previous tournament, including 7,000 from the Netherlands and 10,000 each from Austria and Switzerland.[11]

Eight cities hosted the tournament:

Summary

The group stage used in the first World Cup was discarded in favour of a straight knockout tournament. Hosts and favourites Italy won handsomely, defeating the USA 7–1; the New York Times correspondent wrote that "only the fine goal-tending of Julius Hjulian of Chicago kept the score as low as it was".[12]

Eight European teams—Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland—advanced to the quarter-finals.

In the quarter-finals, the first replayed match in World Cup history took place, after Italy and Spain drew 1-1 after extra time. The match was played in a highly aggressive manner. Rough play injured the Spanish goalkeeper Ricardo Zamora in the first match, leaving him unable to participate in the replay.[13] Italy won the replay 1-0, their play so physical that at least three Spaniards had to depart the field with injuries.[14] Italy then went on to beat Austria in the semifinals by the same score. Meanwhile, Czechoslovakia secured their place in the final by beating Germany 3-1.

The Stadium of the National Fascist Party was the venue for the final. With 70 minutes played, the Czechoslovakians were ahead 1-0. The Italians managed to score before the final whistle, and then added another goal in extra time to be crowned World Cup Winners.

Results

First Round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
27 May – Rome            
  Italy  7
31 May – Florence
(replayed 1 June)
  United States  1  
  Italy  1 (1)
27 May – Genoa
    Spain  1 (0)  
  Spain  3
3 June – Milan
  Brazil  1  
  Italy  1
27 May – Turin
    Austria  0  
  Austria (a.e.t.)  3
31 May – Bologna
  France  2  
  Austria  2
27 May – Naples
    Hungary  1  
  Hungary  4
10 June – Rome
  Egypt  2  
  Italy (a.e.t.)  2
27 May – Trieste
    Czechoslovakia  1
  Czechoslovakia  2
31 May – Turin
  Romania  1  
  Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Milan
    Switzerland  2  
  Netherlands  2
3 June – Rome
  Switzerland  3  
  Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Florence
    Germany  1   Third place
  Germany  5
31 May – Milan 7 June – Naples
  Belgium  2  
  Germany  2   Germany  3
27 May – Bologna
    Sweden  1     Austria  2
  Sweden  3
  Argentina  2  
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First round

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Spain  3 – 1  Brazil Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa
Attendance: ~25,000
Referee: Alfred Birlem (Germany)
Iraragorri Goal 18' (pen.)25'[15]
Lángara Goal 29'
(Report) Leônidas Goal 55'

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Hungary  4 – 2  Egypt Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli, Naples
Attendance: ~12,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Teleki Goal 11'
Toldi Goal 27'61'[16]
Vincze Goal 53'
(Report) Fawzi Goal 31'39'[17]

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Switzerland  3 – 2  Netherlands Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: ~40,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Kielholz Goal 7'43'[18]
Abegglen Goal 69'
(Report) Smit Goal 19'
Vente Goal 84'

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Italy  7 – 1  United States Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: ~13,000
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)
Schiavio Goal 18'29'64'
Orsi Goal 20'69'
Ferrari Goal 63'
Meazza Goal 90'[19]
(Report) Donelli Goal 57'

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Czechoslovakia  2 – 1  Romania Stadio Littorio, Trieste
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Jean Langenus (Belgium)
Puč Goal 50'
Nejedlý Goal 67'
(Report) Dobay Goal 11'

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Sweden  3 – 2  Argentina Stadio Littorale, Bologna
Attendance: ~15,000
Referee: Eugen Braun (Austria)
Jonasson Goal 9'67'
Kroon Goal 79'
(Report) Belis Goal 4'
Galateo Goal 48'[20]

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Austria  3 – 2
(a.e.t.)
 France Stadio Benito Mussolini, Turin
Attendance: ~20,000
Referee: Johannes van Moorsel (Netherlands)
Sindelar Goal 44'
Schall Goal 93'
Bican Goal 109'
(Report) Nicolas Goal 18'
Verriest Goal 116' (pen.)[21]

27 May 1934
16:30 CET
Germany  5 – 2  Belgium Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)
Kobierski Goal 25'
Siffling Goal 49'
Conen Goal 66'70'87'
(Report) Voorhoof Goal 29'43'

Quarter-finals

31 May 1934
16:30 CET
Austria  2 – 1  Hungary Stadio Littoriale, Bologna
Attendance: ~25,000
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)
Horvath Goal 8'
Zischek Goal 51'
(Report) Sárosi Goal 60' (pen.)

31 May 1934
16:30 CET
Italy  1 – 1
(a.e.t.)
 Spain Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: ~35,000
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)
Ferrari Goal 44' (Report) Regueiro Goal 30'

Replay:

1 June 1934
16:30 CET
Italy  1 – 0  Spain Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: ~45,000
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)
Meazza Goal 11' (Report)

31 May 1934
16:30 CET
Germany  2 – 1  Sweden Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: ~15,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Hohmann Goal 60'63' (Report) Dunker Goal 82'

31 May 1934
16:30 CET
Czechoslovakia  3 – 2  Switzerland Stadio Benito Mussolini, Turin
Attendance: ~12,000
Referee: Alois Beranek (Austria)
Svoboda Goal 24'
Sobotka Goal 49'
Nejedlý Goal 82'
(Report) Kielholz Goal 18'
Jaeggi Goal 78'

Semi-finals

3 June 1934
16:30 CET
Italy  1 – 0  Austria Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: ~60,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Guaita Goal 19' (Report)

3 June 1934
16:30 CET
Czechoslovakia  3 – 1  Germany Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: ~10,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Nejedlý Goal 19'71'80'[22][23][24] (Report) Noack Goal 62'[25]

Third place match

7 June 1934
18:00 CET
Germany  3 – 2  Austria Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli, Naples
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Albino Carraro (Italy)
Lehner Goal 1'42'[26]
Conen Goal 27'[18]
(Report) Horvath Goal 28'[27]
Sesta Goal 54'[28]

Final

10 June 1934
17:30 CET
Italy  2 – 1
(a.e.t.)
 Czechoslovakia Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: ~45,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Orsi Goal 81'
Schiavio Goal 95'
(Report) Puč Goal 76'[29]
 1934 FIFA World Cup Winners 

Italy
First title

Scorers

5 goals
4 goals
3 goals
2 goals
1 goal
1 goal (cont.)

References

  1. ^ FIFA book of statutes, Roma 1934, prtd. Gebr. Fey & Kratz, Zürich, FIFA internal libray no. C br. 18, 1955
  2. ^ Freddi, Complete Book of the World Cup 2006, p. 15
  3. ^ a b c d Hunt, World Cup Stories, p. 23
  4. ^ "History of FIFA - The first FIFA World Cup". FIFA. http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/history/fifa/historyfifa4.html. Retrieved 2009-12-01.  
  5. ^ Goldblatt, The Ball is Round, p. 255
  6. ^ Crouch, The World Cup: The Complete History, p. 16
  7. ^ Glanville, The Story of the World Cup, p. 25
  8. ^ Taylor, The Leaguers, p. 217
  9. ^ Crouch, The World Cup: The Complete History, p. 14
  10. ^ "World Cup 1934". ESPN. http://soccernet.espn.go.com/world-cup/feature?id=696758&cc=5739&ver=global. Retrieved 2010-01-01.  
  11. ^ Murray & Murray, The World's Game, p69
  12. ^ Wangerin, Soccer in a Football World, p. 98
  13. ^ Baker, Sports in the Western World, p248
  14. ^ Wilson, Inverting the Pyramid, p71
  15. ^ RSSSF credits the goal in the 25th minute to Isidro Lángara.
  16. ^ RSSSF credits the 27th minute goal as occurring in the 31st minute.
  17. ^ RSSSF credits the 31st minute goal as occurring in the 35th minute.
  18. ^ a b RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 29th minute.
  19. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 89th minute.
  20. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 46th minute.
  21. ^ RSSSF credits this penalty as occurring in the 118th minute.
  22. ^ RSSSF credits the 19th minute goal as occurring in the 21st minute.
  23. ^ FIFA initially credits the 71st minute goal to Rudolf Krčil, but changed it to Nejedlý in 2006 [1]. RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 69th minute.
  24. ^ RSSSF credits the 80th minute goal as occurring in the 81st minute.
  25. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 59th minute.
  26. ^ RSSSF credits the 1st minute goal as occurring in the 4th minute
  27. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 30th minute.
  28. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 55th minute.
  29. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 71st minute.

Bibliography

  • Baker, William Joseph (1988). Sports in the Western World. Champaign: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252060427.  
  • Crouch, Terry (2002). The World Cup: The Complete History. London: Aurum. ISBN 1-85410-843-3.  
  • Freddi, Cris (2006). Complete Book of the World Cup 2006. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-722916-X.  
  • Glanville, Brian (2005). The Story of the World Cup. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-22944-1.  
  • Goldblatt, David (2007). The Ball is Round: A Global History of Football. London: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-101582-8.  
  • Hunt, Chris (2006). World Cup Stories: The history of the FIFA World Cup. Ware: Interact. ISBN 0-9549819-2-8.  
  • Murray, Bill; Murray, William J. (1998). The World's Game: A History of Soccer. Champaign: University of Illinois Press. ISBN 9780252067181.  
  • Taylor, Matthew (2005). The leaguers: the making of professional football in England, 1900–1939. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 9780853236399.  
  • Wangerin, Dave (2006). Soccer in a Football World. London: WSC Books. ISBN 9780954013479.  
  • Wilson, Jonathan (2008). Inverting the Pyramid: The History of Football Tactics. London: Orion. ISBN 978-1-4091-0204-5.  

External links


Simple English

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in Italy in 1934. Italy won the trophy after beating Czech in the final.

Contents

Participants

Africa

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

First Round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
27 May – Rome            
 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy  7
31 May – Florence
(replayed 1 June)
  United States  1  
 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy  1 (1)
27 May – Genoa
    Spain  1 (0)  
  Spain  3
3 June – Milan
  Brazil  1  
 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy  1
27 May – Turin
    Austria  0  
  Austria (a.e.t.)  3
31 May – Bologna
  France  2  
  Austria  2
27 May – Naples
    Hungary  1  
  Hungary  4
10 June – Rome
  Egypt  2  
 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Italy (a.e.t.)  2
27 May – Trieste
    Czechoslovakia  1
  Czechoslovakia  2
31 May – Turin
  Romania  1  
  Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Milan
    Switzerland  2  
  Netherlands  2
3 June – Rome
  Switzerland  3  
  Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Florence
    Germany  1   Third place
  Germany  5
31 May – Milan 7 June – Naples
 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium  2  
  Germany  2   Germany  3
27 May – Bologna
    Sweden  1     Austria  2
  Sweden  3
 File:Flag of Argentina (alternative).svg Argentina  2  

Final

 Italy won the championship.

References


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