1938 FIFA World Cup qualification: Wikis

  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A total of 37 teams entered the 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. For the first time the title holders and the host country were given automatic qualification. Therefore, France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.

Due to the Spanish Civil War, Spain withdrew from the competition. The remaining 34 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 9 - Europe: 11 places, contested by 23 teams (including Egypt and Palestine).
  • Groups 10 and 11 - The Americas: 2 places, contested by 9 teams.
  • Group 12 - Asia: 1 place, contested by 2 teams.

However, due to the withdrawal of Austria after qualifying (they had been annexed by Germany), only 15 teams actually competed in the final tournament. FIFA did not offer participation to the runner-up of the group that Austria had played in, Latvia.

A total of 21 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 22 qualifying matches were played, and 96 goals were scored (an average of 4.36 per match).

Contents

Format

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Group 1 had 4 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3, 4 and 7 had 2 teams each. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify.
  • Group 5: had 2 teams. The teams played against each other once on neutral ground. The group winner would qualify.
  • Groups 6 and 8 had 3 teams each. The strongest team of each group was seeded. There would be two rounds of play:
    • First Round: The seeded team received a bye and advanced to the Final Round directly. The remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: The seeded team played against the winner of the First Round at home. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 9 had 3 teams. The teams played against each other once. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Group 10 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 7 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.

Key:

  • Teams highlighted in green qualified for the finals.
  • Teams highlighted in Orange qualified for the final phase of their group.

Group 1

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Germany 6 3 3 0 0 11 1 11.0
2  Sweden 4 3 2 0 1 11 7 1.57
3  Estonia 2 3 1 0 2 4 11 0.36
4  Finland 0 3 0 0 3 0 7 0.00





Germany and Sweden qualified.

Group 2

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Norway 3 2 1 1 0 6 5 1.20
2  Ireland 1 2 0 1 1 5 6 0.83

Norway qualified.

Group 3

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Poland 2 2 1 0 1 4 1 4.00
2  Yugoslavia 2 2 1 0 1 1 4 0.25

Poland finished above Yugoslavia on goal average, and thus qualified.

Group 4

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Romania qualified
 Egypt withdrew

Egypt withdrew, so Romania qualified automatically.

Group 5

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Switzerland 2 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00
2  Portugal 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50

Switzerland qualified.

Group 6

First round

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Greece 4 2 2 0 0 4 1 4.00
2 Palestinian territories Palestine, British Mandate 0 2 0 0 2 1 4 0.25

Greece qualifies for final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Hungary 2 1 1 0 0 11 1 11.0
2  Greece 0 1 0 0 1 1 11 0.09

Hungary qualified.

Group 7

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Czechoslovakia 3 2 1 1 0 7 1 7.00
2  Bulgaria 1 2 0 1 1 1 7 0.14

Czechoslovakia qualified.

Group 8

First round

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Latvia 4 2 2 0 0 9 3 3.00
2  Lithuania 0 2 0 0 2 3 9 0.33

Latvia qualified for the final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Austria 2 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00
2  Latvia 0 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50

Austria qualified, but was later incorporated by Germany during the Anschluss. FIFA offered the place to England, who had opted not to enter the competition, but they declined, but FIFA decided not to allow anyone else to qualify, leaving the World Cup one team short.

Group 9

Pos. Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Netherlands 3 2 1 1 0 5 1 5.00
2  Belgium 3 2 1 1 0 4 3 1.33
3  Luxembourg 0 2 0 0 2 2 7 0.29


Netherlands and Belgium qualified.

Group 10

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Brazil qualified
 Argentina withdrew

Argentina withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.

Group 11

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Cuba qualified
 Colombia withdrew
 Costa Rica withdrew
Netherlands Dutch Guiana withdrew
 El Salvador withdrew
 Mexico withdrew
 United States withdrew

Colombia, Costa Rica, Dutch Guiana, El Salvidor, Mexico, and the United States all withdrew, so Cuba qualified automatically.

Group 12

Rank Team Pts Pld W D L GF GA GAv
1  Dutch East Indies qualified
 Japan withdrew

Japan withdrew, so the Dutch East Indies qualified automatically.

Qualified teams

Qualifying countries


Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
 Belgium 3rd 3 1934
 Brazil 3rd 3 1934
 Cuba 1st 1
 Czechoslovakia 2nd 2 1934
 Dutch East Indies 1st 1
 France (h) 3rd 3 1934
 Germany 2nd 2 1934
 Hungary 2nd 2 1934
 Italy (c) 2nd 2 1934
 Netherlands 2nd 2 1934
 Norway 1st 1
 Poland 1st 1
 Romania 3rd 3 1934
 Sweden 2nd 2 1934
 Switzerland 2nd 2 1934
  •  Austria withdrew after qualifying.

(h) - qualified automatically as hosts

(c) - qualified automatically as defending champions

Notes

  • It was originally intended that the World Cup would be held alternately between the continents of South America and Europe. However Jules Rimet, the creator of the World Cup, convinced FIFA to hold the competition in France, his home country. Because of this controversy, many American countries, including Argentina (the most likely hosts if the event was held in South America), Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Mexico, Dutch Guiana, Uruguay, and the United States all withdrew or refused to enter.

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message