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1950 FIFA World Cup
IV Campeonato Mundial de Futebol

1950 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Brazil
Dates 24 June – 16 July
Teams 13 (from 3 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 6 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  Uruguay (2nd title)
Runner-up  Brazil
Third place  Sweden
Fourth place  Spain
Tournament statistics
Matches played 22
Goals scored 88 (4 per match)
Attendance 1,036,000 (47,091 per match)
Top scorer(s) Brazil Ademir (8 goals)
1938
1954

The 1950 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil from 24 June to 16 July, was the fourth FIFA World Cup, and the first staged in 12 years due to World War II. Brazil was chosen as the host country by FIFA in July 1946. It was also the first tournament that the trophy itself would be referred to as the Jules Rimet Cup, to mark the 25th anniversary of Rimet's presidency of FIFA. It was won by Uruguay, who had won the inaugural competition in 1930, clinching the cup by beating the hosts Brazil 2–1 in the deciding match of the four-team final group (this was the only tournament not decided by a one-match final).

Contents

Background

Because of World War II, the World Cup had not been staged since 1938; the planned World Cups of 1942 and 1946 were both cancelled. After the war, FIFA were keen to resurrect the competition as soon as possible, and they began making plans for a World Cup tournament to take place. In the aftermath of the war, much of Europe lay in ruins. As a result, FIFA had some difficulties finding a country interested in hosting the event, since many governments believed that the world scenario did not favour a sportive celebration, and also (more importantly) that the resources that would have to be put into organizing the World Cup could not be diverted from other more urgent fronts. For some time, the World Cup was at risk of not being held for sheer lack of interest from the international community, until Brazil presented a bid at the 1946 FIFA Congress, offering to host the event on condition that the tournament take place in 1950 (it was originally planned to take place in 1949).[1] Brazil and Germany had been the leading bidders to host the cancelled 1942 World Cup; since both the 1934 and 1938 tournaments had been held in Europe, football historians generally agree that the 1942 event would most likely have been awarded to a South American host country. Brazil's new bid was very similar to the mooted 1942 bid and was quickly accepted.

Qualification

Participating countries after 3 of the 16 qualifying countries withdrew.

Having secured a host nation, FIFA would still dedicate some time to persuading countries to send their national teams to compete. Italy was of particular interest: the Italians were the long-standing defending champions (winners in 1938), but the country was reconstructing from the end of World War II, and at first there was little to no interest from the country in participating. The Italians were finally persuaded to attend, although rumours have had it that FIFA had to cover all travelling expenses in order for Italy's national team to be able to come to Brazil and play.[citation needed]

With Italy and Austria, two successful pre-war teams had not been subject to international sanctions, while Japan, still under occupation, and occupied and partitioned Germany had not been permitted in time to compete or qualify. The French-occupied Saarland had been accepted by FIFA two weeks before the World Cup, several months before (West) Germany's DFB was reinstated, while Soviet-occupied East Germany had not even founded a football association yet.

The British nations were invited to take part, having rejoined FIFA four years earlier, after 17 years of self-imposed exile. It was decided to use the 1949-1950 British Home Championship as a qualifying group, with whoever finished first and second qualifying. England finished first and Scotland second, but the Scots withdrew as they were not British Champions.

Two other teams, Turkey and India, also withdrew after qualifying, with India refusing to go because FIFA would not allow the team to play barefoot. France and Portugal were invited as replacements but declined. Initially France agreed to play but they worked out that the venues for their two group matches were over 3,000 kilometres away from each other. The French told the Brazilians that they would stay at home unless the arrangements were changed. The Brazilian Federation refused and France withdrew. Therefore, even though 16 teams were originally going to participate, after the withdrawals only 13 teams were left to take part.

Summary

Originally, the tournament format would be that the 16 teams be divided into four first round groups (or "pools" as they were then called) of four teams, with the group winners advancing to a final group stage, playing in round-robin format to determine the winner. However, because only 13 teams competed, this left two first round groups with four teams, another with three teams, and the last group with only two teams. The draw took place in Rio de Janeiro, on 22 May 1950.[2] In fact, the entire tournament was arranged in such a way that the four first round groups had no geographical basis. Hence, several teams were obliged to cover large distances to complete their program, although Brazil was allowed to play two of its three group matches in Rio de Janeiro while its other game was in (comparatively) nearby São Paulo.

A combined Great Britain team had recently beaten the rest of Europe 6-1 in an exhibition match and England went into the competition as one of the favourites. However, it was not to be, as they went crashing out in a shock 1-0 defeat by the United States (when the score appeared in English newspapers, many thought it was a misprint) which, combined with their 1-0 defeat by Spain, led to England being eliminated.

The final group stage involved the teams who won their groups: Brazil, Spain, Sweden, and 1930 FIFA World Cup champions Uruguay, who were making their first World Cup appearance since winning the inaugural tournament. The World Cup winner would be the team that managed to finish on top of this group. The final group's six matches were shared between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. Brazil played all its final group matches at the Estádio do Maracanã in Rio while the games that didn't involve the host nation were played in São Paulo. Brazil won their first two matches with a 7-1 thrashing of Sweden and 6-1 rout of Spain. Before the decisive match, Brazil was sitting on top of the final group and had one game left to play against Uruguay, in second and only a point behind. On July 16, before a huge home crowd of 199,954 (some estimated as 205,000) in the Estádio do Maracanã, the host nation only had to draw against Uruguay and the trophy would be theirs. After such crushing victories over Spain and Sweden, it looked certain they would take the title, especially as the home nation went ahead in the second minute of the second half, thanks to a goal from Friaça. However, Uruguay equalised and then with just over 11 minutes left to play, went ahead 2-1 when Alcides Ghiggia squeaked a goal past Moacyr Barbosa, and Uruguay was crowned World Cup champions for a second time. This stunning defeat surprised Brazil and is referred to as the Maracanazo.

The average attendance of nearly 61,000 per game, aided greatly by eight matches (including five featuring hosts Brazil) held in the newly-built Maracanã, set a record that would not be broken until 1994. Not counting the Maracanã matches, the average attendance was a still-impressive 37,500. However, the only venues that saw crowds comparable to or greater than those in recent World Cups were the Maracanã and São Paulo. Other venues saw considerably smaller crowds.

Venues

Six cities hosted the tournament:

Belo Horizonte Curitiba Porto Alegre
Estádio Sete de Setembro Estádio Durival de Britto Estádio dos Eucaliptos
Independ13.JPG Vila Capanema aérea 2.jpg
Recife Rio de Janeiro São Paulo
Estádio Ilha do Retiro Estádio do Maracanã Estádio do Pacaembu
Sport - Panorâmica da Ilha.jpg Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro.jpg Estadio Pacaembu3.jpg

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1950 FIFA World Cup squads.

Match officials

Europe
Americas
  • Bolivia Alfredo Alvarez
  • Brazil Alberto da Gama Malcher
  • Brazil Mario Gardelli
  • Brazil Mario Gonçalves Viana
  • Chile Sergio Bustamante
  • Mexico Estevez Texada
  • Paraguay Cayetano de Nicola
  • Paraguay Mario Ruben Heyen
  • United States Prudencio Garcia
  • Uruguay Esteban Marino

Results

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First round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Brazil 3 2 1 0 8 2 5
 Yugoslavia 3 2 0 1 7 3 4
 Switzerland 3 1 1 1 4 6 3
 Mexico 3 0 0 3 2 10 0
24 June 1950
15:00 BRT
Brazil  4 – 0  Mexico Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~81,000
Referee: George Reader (England)
Ademir Goal 30'79'[3]
Jair Goal 65'
Baltazar Goal 71'
Report

25 June 1950
18:00 BRT
Yugoslavia  3 – 0  Switzerland Estadio Sete de Setembro, Belo Horizonte
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Giovanni Galeati (Italy)
Mitić Goal 58'[4]
Tomašević Goal 78'
Ognjanov Goal 84'
Report

28 June 1950
15:00 BRT
Brazil  2 – 2  Switzerland Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~42,000
Referee: Ramon Azon Roma (Spain)
Alfredo Goal 3'
Baltazar Goal 32'[5]
Report Fatton Goal 17'88'

28 June 1950
18:15 BRT
Mexico  1 – 4  Yugoslavia Estádio dos Eucaliptos, Porto Alegre
Attendance: ~11,000
Referee: Reginald Leafe (England)
Ortíz Goal 87' (pen.) Report Bobek Goal 19'
Ž. Čajkovski Goal 23'51'[6][7]
Tomašević Goal 81'

1 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Brazil  2 – 0  Yugoslavia Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~142,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Ademir Goal 3'
Zizinho Goal 69'[8]
Report

2 July 1950
15:40 BRT
Mexico  1 – 2  Switzerland Estádio dos Eucaliptos, Porto Alegre
Attendance: ~3,500
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Casarín Goal 75' Report Bader Goal 10'
Tamini Goal 37'[9]

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Spain 3 3 0 0 6 1 6
 England 3 1 0 2 2 2 2
 Chile 3 1 0 2 5 6 2
 United States 3 1 0 2 4 8 2
25 June 1950
15:00 BRT
England  2 – 0  Chile Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~30,000
Referee: Karel van der Meer (Netherlands)
Mortensen Goal 39'
Mannion Goal 51'
Report

25 June 1950
15:00 BRT
Spain  3 – 1  United States Estádio Durival de Britto, Curitiba
Attendance: ~9,000
Referee: Mario Vianna (Brazil)
Basora Goal 75'78'
Zarra Goal 85'
Report Souza Goal 17'

29 June 1950
15:00 BRT
Spain  2 – 0  Chile Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~20,000
Referee: Alberto Malcher (Brazil)
Basora Goal 17'
Zarra Goal 30'
Report

29 June 1950
18:00 BRT
United States  1 – 0  England Estádio Independência, Belo Horizonte
Attendance: ~10,000
Referee: Generoso Datillo (Italy)
Gaetjens Goal 38' Report

2 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Spain  1 – 0  England Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~74,000
Referee: Giovanni Galeati (Italy)
Zarra Goal 48'[10] Report

2 July 1950
18:00 BRT
Chile  5 – 2  United States Estádio Ilha do Retiro, Recife
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Mario Gardelli (Brazil)
Robledo Goal 16'
Cremaschi Goal 32'61'82'
Prieto Goal 54'
Report Wallace Goal 47'
Maca Goal 48' (pen.)

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Sweden 2 1 1 0 5 4 3
 Italy 2 1 0 1 4 3 2
 Paraguay 2 0 1 1 2 4 1
 India withdrew
25 June 1950
15:00 BRT
Sweden  3 – 2  Italy Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~50,000
Referee: Jean Lutz (Switzerland)
Jeppson Goal 25'68'
Andersson Goal 33'
Report Carapellese Goal 7'
Muccinelli Goal 75'

29 June 1950
15:30 BRT
Sweden  2 – 2  Paraguay Estádio Durival de Britto, Curitiba
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Robert Mitchell (Scotland)
Sundqvist Goal 17'
Palmér Goal 25'
Report López Goal 34'
López Fretes Goal 74'

2 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Italy  2 – 0  Paraguay Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~26,000
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Carapellese Goal 12'
Pandolfini Goal 62'
Report

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Uruguay 1 1 0 0 8 0 2
 Bolivia 1 0 0 1 0 8 0
 Scotland withdrew
 Turkey withdrew
2 July 1950
18:00 BRT
Uruguay  8 – 0  Bolivia Estádio Independência, Belo Horizonte
Attendance: ~5,000
Referee: George Reader (England)
Míguez Goal 14'40'51'
Schiaffino Goal 17'53'
Vidal Goal 18'
Pérez Goal 83'
Ghiggia Goal 87'
Report

Final round

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Uruguay 3 2 1 0 7 5 5
 Brazil 3 2 0 1 14 4 4
 Sweden 3 1 0 2 6 11 2
 Spain 3 0 1 2 4 11 1
9 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Brazil  7 – 1  Sweden Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~138,000
Referee: Arthur Ellis (England)
Ademir Goal 17'37'51'59'
Chico Goal 39'87'
Maneca Goal 85'
Report Andersson Goal 67' (pen.)

9 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Uruguay  2 – 2  Spain Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~44,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Ghiggia Goal 27'
Varela Goal 72'
Report Basora Goal 39'41'

13 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Brazil  6 – 1  Spain Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~152,000
Referee: Reginald Leafe (England)
Parra Goal 15' (o.g.)
Jair Goal 21'
Chico Goal 29'55'
Ademir Goal 57'
Zizinho Goal 74'
Report Igoa Goal 70'

13 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Uruguay  3 – 2  Sweden Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~8,000
Referee: Giovanni Galeati (Italy)
Ghiggia Goal 39'
Míguez Goal 77'84'
Report Palmér Goal 4'
Sundqvist Goal 41'

16 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Sweden  3 – 1  Spain Estádio do Pacaembu, São Paulo
Attendance: ~11,000
Referee: Karel van der Meer (Netherlands)
Sundqvist Goal 15'
Mellberg Goal 34'
Palmér Goal 79'
Report Zarra Goal 82'

16 July 1950
15:00 BRT
Uruguay  2 – 1  Brazil Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Attendance: ~199,954
Referee: George Reader (England)
Schiaffino Goal 66'
Ghiggia Goal 79'
Report Friaça Goal 47'

Awards

 1950 FIFA World Cup Winners 

Uruguay
Second title

Scorers

8 goals

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

own goal

Footnotes

  1. ^ Planet World Cup - 1950
  2. ^ History of the World Cup Final Draw
  3. ^ RSSSF credits the goal in the 30th minute as occurring in the 31st minute.
  4. ^ FIFA report credits this goal to Kosta Tomašević; RSSSF and Cris Freddi to Mitic.
  5. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 43rd minute.
  6. ^ FIFA credits the goal in the 23rd minute as occurring in the 22nd minute.
  7. ^ FIFA credit the goal in the 51st minute as occurring in the 62nd minute.
  8. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as occurring in the 89th minute.
  9. ^ RSSSF credits this goal to Charles Antenen in the 44th minute.
  10. ^ RSSSF credits this goal as coming in the 49th minute.

External links


Simple English

The 1950 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in Brazil in 1954. This competition was special compared to other FIFA World Cup tournaments as the winner was decided by winning a mini-league instead of a knock-out game. Uruguay won the trophy after finishing higher than Brazil, Sweden and Spain in the final group stage.

Contents

Participants

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

Round 1

Group A

PosTeamBRAYUGSUIMEXPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Brazil-2-02-24-03210825Round 2
2Yugoslavia0-2-3-04-13201734
3Switzerland2-20-3-2-13111463
4Mexico0-41-41-2-30032100

Group B

PosTeamESPENGCHIUSAPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Spain-1-02-03-13300616Round 2
2England0-1-2-00-13102222
3Chile0-20-2-5-23102562
4United States1-31-02-5-3102482

Group C

PosTeamSWEITAPARPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Sweden-3-22-22110543Round 2
2Italy2-3-2-02101432
3Paraguay2-20-2-2011241

Group D

PosTeamURUBOLPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Uruguay-8-01100802Round 2
2Bolivia0-8-1001080

Round 2

PosTeamURUBRASWEESPPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Uruguay-2-13-22-23210755championship
2Brazil1-2-7-16-132011444
3Sweden2-31-7-3-131026112
4Spain2-21-61-3-30124111

References


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