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1954 FIFA World Cup
FIFA Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1954 Schweiz (German)
Championnat du Monde de Football 1954 (French)
Campionato mondiale di calcio 1954 (Italian)

1954 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country  Switzerland
Dates 16 June – 4 July
Teams 16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s) (in 6 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  West Germany (1st title)
Runner-up  Hungary
Third place  Austria
Fourth place  Uruguay
Tournament statistics
Matches played 26
Goals scored 140 (5.38 per match)
Attendance 889,500 (34,212 per match)
Top scorer(s) Hungary Sándor Kocsis (11 goals)
1950
1958

The 1954 FIFA World Cup, the fifth staging of the World Cup, was held in Switzerland from 16 June to 4 July. As the year saw the 50th anniversary of FIFA, it was appropriate for football's premier competition to be played in the home of its governing body, and Switzerland was chosen as hosts in July 1946. The tournament was won by West Germany, who defeated Hungary 3–2 in the final, giving them their first title.

Contents

Qualification

Qualifying countries.

Summary

For the first time there was television coverage, and special coins were issued to mark the event. 16 teams qualified for the tournament and an unusual system was used in the first stage. The 16 teams were divided into four groups: each group comprised two of the eight seeded teams based on world rankings (Austria, Brazil, England, France, Hungary, Italy, Turkey and Uruguay), plus two unseeded teams.

The official 1954 FIFA World Cup poster.

With seeding determined before the teams had even qualified for the final tournament, the organizers had to replace Spain with Turkey, the team that unexpectedly knocked the Spaniards out. [1] The draw took place in Zürich, on 30 November 1953.

Instead of a conventional round-robin where each team would play three matches, the seeded teams as well as the unseeded teams were spared from playing each other as the unseeded teams were squared up only against the seeded ones in a chance to qualify, so each team played only 2 group matches, unless tied for the second qualifying position by points, which required a play-off. Extra time was played for any games that was tied after 90 minutes, with the result being a draw if the scores were still level after 120 minutes. The two teams finishing at the top of their group went through to the quarter-finals. Uruguay and Austria both won their games, thus finished the group level on points in the qualifying positions, and drew lots to determine who they would play in the next round, as did Brazil and Yugoslavia.

Consequently Switzerland and Italy played each other twice with Switzerland winning the play-off 4–1. The Germans, who had been reinstated as full FIFA members only in 1950 and were unseeded, won the first of two encounters with the seeded Turkish convincingly in Berne at Wankdorf stadium. The Koreans, as the other unseeded team, lost 0–7 and 0–9, with Germany being denied the chance to play such an easy opponent. Sepp Herberger the German coach gambled against the seeded team of Hungary by sending in a reserve side to take an expected 3–8 loss, with the only consequence being the additional playoff game against Turkey that was won with ease. Hungary's team captain Ferenc Puskás, considered by many as the best player in the world in that time, was injured by German defender Werner Liebrich, and had to miss the next two matches of his team, only to show up in the final again, still being in a questionable condition. [2]

The quarter-finals saw the favourites Hungary beat Brazil 4–2 in one of the most violent matches in football history, which became infamous as the Battle of Berne. Meanwhile, the World Cup holders Uruguay sent England out of the tournament, also by 4–2. Germany dispatched Yugoslavia 2–0, and Austria beat the host nation Switzerland in the game that saw the most goals in any World Cup match, 7–5.

One of the semi-finals saw Austria, against the DFB team which represented the Federal Republic of Germany, one of three German states of the time. The DFB had qualified against fellow Germans from the Saarland (which then was a French protectorate), while East Germany had not entered, cancelling international football games after the East German uprising of 1953. With the final at stake, West Germany won 6–1.

The other semi-final, one of the most exciting games of the tournament, saw Hungary go into the second half leading Uruguay 1–0, only for the game to be taken to extra time with a score after 90 minutes of 2–2. The deadlock was broken by Sándor Kocsis with two late goals to take Hungary through to the final, beating a team that had not previously lost a World Cup game. Uruguay then went on to be beaten for a second time as Austria secured third place.

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Final: "The Miracle of Bern"

The Wankdorf Stadion in Berne saw 60,000 people cram inside to watch the final between West Germany and Hungary, a rematch of a first round game, which Hungary had won 8–3 against the reserves of the German team. The Golden Team of the Hungarians were favourites, as they were unbeaten for a record of 32 consecutive matches but they had two tough play-off matches. It had started raining on game day - in Germany this was dubbed "Fritz-Walter-Wetter" (Fritz Walter's weather) because the German team captain Fritz Walter was said to play his best in rainy weather. Adi Dassler had provided shoes with exchangeable studs.

Card autographed by coach Sepp Herberger and the 11 German players that appeared in the final

The final saw Hungary's Ferenc Puskás playing again even though he was not fully fit. Despite this he put his team ahead after only 6 minutes and with Zoltán Czibor adding another two minutes later it seemed that the pre-tournament favourites would take the title. However, with a quick goal from Max Morlock in the 10th and the equalizer of Helmut Rahn in the 19th, the tide began to turn.

The second half saw telling misses from the Hungarian team. Barely 6 minutes before the end of the match, the popular German radio reporter Herbert Zimmermann gave the most famous German piece of commentary, recommending Rahn should kick from the backfield, which he did. The second goal from Rahn gave Germany a 3–2 lead while the Hungarian reporter György Szepesi burst into tears. Later, Zimmermann called Puskás offside before he kicked the ball into Toni Turek's net with 2 minutes left. While referee Ling pointed to the centre spot, linesman Griffiths signalled offside. After a one-minute consultation, referee Ling disallowed the claimed equalizer.

The Germans were handed the Jules Rimet trophy and the title of World Cup winners while the crowd sang along to the tunes of the national anthems of Germany. In Germany the success is known as The Miracle of Bern, upon which a 2003 film of the same name was based. For the Hungarians, the defeat was a disaster, and remains controversial due to referee errors and claims of doping.

One controversy concerns the 2–2. Hungarian goalie Gyula Grosics jumped to catch Fritz Walter's corner shot, but in plain sight of the camera, Hans Schäfer obstructed him, thus the ball could reach Rahn unhindered. The second controversy concerns allegations of doping to explain the better condition of the German team in the second half. Though teammates steadfastly denied this rumour, German historian Guido Knopp claimed in a 2004 documentary for German public channel ZDF[3] that the players were injected with shots of vitamin C at half-time, using a needle earlier taken from a Soviet sports doctor, which would also explain the wave of jaundice among team members following the tournament.

Most controversial was the offside ruling for Puskás's intended 87th minute equalizer. The camera filming the official footage was in a bad position to judge the situation, only eyewitnesses claimed that the referee was wrong, including German replacement player Alfred Pfaff[4]. However, since then, footage evidencing no offside surfaced (shown on North German regional public channel NDR in 2004[5]).

The 11 goals scored by Kocsis of Hungary not only led the World Cup but bettered the previous record (set by Brazilian Ademir in the previous tournament) by two goals. Kocsis' mark was then broken by Just Fontaine's 13 goals in 1958. Despite not winning the 1954 tournament, the fourth place finish and their two previous World Cup titles made Uruguay the most successful World Cup nation for eight years, until Brazil won their second title in 1962. Hungary's 9–0 result against Korea during the group stages remains to this day the biggest margin of victory in FIFA World Cup history, later equalled by Yugoslavia winning 9–0 against Zaire in 1974 and again Hungary winning 10–1 against El Salvador in 1982.

Germany's victory in the match is considered one of the greatest upsets of all time and one of the finest achievements in German sporting history. The German team was made up of amateur players as Germany did not have a professional league at this time, while the Hungarians were de jure amateurs, like in any communist country that time, and playing football as professionals, mainly for Budapesti Honvéd FC and later for major clubs like Real Madrid and Barcelona in Spain, and were ranked best in the world. This is the only time a team has won the World Cup with amateur footballers and will likely be the only time ever.

Venues

SpielorteSoccerWM1954.png

Six cities hosted the tournament:

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1954 FIFA World Cup squads.

Results

First round

Group 1

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Brazil 2 1 1 0 6 1 3
 Yugoslavia 2 1 1 0 2 1 3
 France 2 1 0 1 3 3 2
 Mexico 2 0 0 2 2 8 0
16 June 1954
18:00 CET
Brazil  5 – 0  Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 13,000
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Baltazar Goal 23'
Didi Goal 30'
Pinga Goal 34'43'
Julinho Goal 69'
Report

16 June 1954
18:00 CET
Yugoslavia  1 – 0  France Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 27,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Milutinović Goal 15' Report

19 June 1954
17:00 CET
Brazil  1 – 1
(a.e.t.)
 Yugoslavia Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Didi Goal 69' Report Zebec Goal 48'

19 June 1954
17:10 CET
France  3 – 2  Mexico Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 19,000
Referee: Manuel Asensi (Spain)
Vincent Goal 19'
Cárdenas Goal 49' (o.g.)
Kopa Goal 88' (pen.)
Report Lamadrid Goal 54'
Balcázar Goal 85'

Group 2

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Hungary 2 2 0 0 17 3 4
 West Germany 2 1 0 1 7 9 2
 Turkey 2 1 0 1 8 4 2
 Korea Republic 2 0 0 2 0 16 0
17 June 1954
18:00 CET
West Germany  4 – 1  Turkey Wankdorf Stadium, Berne
Attendance: 39,000
Referee: Jose da Costa Vieira (Portugal)
Schäfer Goal 14'
Klodt Goal 52'
O. Walter Goal 60'
Morlock Goal 84'
Report Suat Goal 2'

17 June 1954
18:00 CET
Hungary  9 – 0  Korea Republic Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
Puskás Goal 12'89'
Lantos Goal 18'
Kocsis Goal 24'36'50'
Czibor Goal 59'
Palotás Goal 75'83'
Report

20 June 1954
16:50 CET
Hungary  8 – 3  West Germany St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 65,000
Referee: Ling (England)
Kocsis Goal 3'21'67'78'
Puskás Goal 17'
Hidegkuti Goal 50'54'
J. Tóth Goal 73'
Report Pfaff Goal 25'
Rahn Goal 77'
Herrmann Goal 81'

20 June 1954
17:00 CET
Turkey  7 – 0  Korea Republic Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Esteban Marino (Uruguay)
Suat Goal 10'30'
Lefter Goal 24'
Burhan Goal 37'64'70'
Erol Goal 76'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 CET
West Germany  7 – 2  Turkey Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 18,000
Referee: Raymond Vincenti (France)
O. Walter Goal 7'
Schäfer Goal 12'79'
Morlock Goal 30'60'77'
F. Walter Goal 62'
Report Mustafa Goal 21'
Lefter Goal 82'

Group 3

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Uruguay 2 2 0 0 9 0 4
 Austria 2 2 0 0 6 0 4
 Czechoslovakia 2 0 0 2 0 7 0
 Scotland 2 0 0 2 0 8 0
16 June 1954
18:00 CET
Uruguay  2 – 0  Czechoslovakia Wankdorf Stadium, Berne
Attendance: 20,500
Referee: Ellis (England)
Míguez Goal 72'
Schiaffino Goal 81'
Report

16 June 1954
18:00 CET
Austria  1 – 0  Scotland Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Laurent Franken (Belgium)
Probst Goal 33' Report

19 June 1954
16:50 CET
Uruguay  7 – 0  Scotland St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Borges Goal 17'47'57'
Míguez Goal 30'83'
Abbadie Goal 54'85'
Report

19 June 1954
17:00 CET
Austria  5 – 0  Czechoslovakia Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Vasa Stefanovic (Yugoslavia)
Stojaspal Goal 3'70'
Probst Goal 4'21'24'
Report

Group 4

Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 England 2 1 1 0 6 4 3
 Switzerland 2 1 0 1 2 3 2
 Italy 2 1 0 1 5 3 2
 Belgium 2 0 1 1 5 8 1
17 June 1954
17:50 CET
Switzerland  2 – 1  Italy Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Mario Viana (Brazil)
Ballaman Goal 18'
Hügi Goal 78'
Report Boniperti Goal 44'

17 June 1954
18:10 CET
England  4 – 4
(a.e.t.)
 Belgium St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 40,000
Referee: Emil Schmetzer (West Germany)
Broadis Goal 26'63'
Lofthouse Goal 36'91'
Report Anoul Goal 5'71'
Coppens Goal 67'
Dickinson Goal 94' (o.g.)

20 June 1954
17:00 CET
Italy  4 – 1  Belgium Cornaredo Stadium, Lugano
Attendance: 26,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Pandolfini Goal 41' (pen.)
Galli Goal 48'
Frignani Goal 58'
Lorenzi Goal 78'
Report Anoul Goal 81'

20 June 1954
17:10 CET
England  2 – 0  Switzerland Wankdorf Stadium, Berne
Attendance: 50,000
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Mullen Goal 43'
Wilshaw Goal 69'
Report
Play-off
23 June 1954
18:00 CET
Switzerland  4 – 1  Italy St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 30,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Hügi Goal 14'85'
Ballaman Goal 48'
Fatton Goal 90'
Report Nesti Goal 67'

Knockout stage

Quarterfinals Semifinals Final
                   
27 June - Bern        
  Brazil  2
30 June – Lausanne
  Hungary  4  
  Hungary (a.e.t.)  4
26 June - Basel
    Uruguay  2  
  Uruguay  4
4 July – Bern
  England  2  
  Hungary  2
27 June – Geneva
    West Germany  3
  Yugoslavia  0
30 June - Basel
  West Germany  2  
  West Germany  6 Third place
26 June - Lausanne
    Austria  1  
  Austria  7   Uruguay  1
  Switzerland  5     Austria  3
3 July - Zürich

Quarter-finals

26 June 1954
17:00 CET
Austria  7 – 5  Switzerland Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Charlie Faultless (Scotland)
Wagner Goal 25'27'53'
A. Körner Goal 26'34'
Ocwirk Goal 32'
Probst Goal 76'
Report Ballaman Goal 16'39'
Hügi Goal 17'19'58'

26 June 1954
17:00 CET
Uruguay  4 – 2  England St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Carl Erich Steiner (Austria)
Borges Goal 5'
Varela Goal 39'
Schiaffino Goal 46'
Ambrois Goal 78'
Report Lofthouse Goal 16'
Finney Goal 67'

27 June 1954
17:00 CET
Brazil  2 – 4  Hungary Wankdorf Stadium, Berne
Attendance: 60,000
Referee: Ellis (England)
Djalma Santos Goal 18' (pen.)
Julinho Goal 65'
Report Hidegkuti Goal 4'
Kocsis Goal 7'88'
Lantos Goal 60' (pen.)

27 June 1954
17:00 CET
Yugoslavia  0 – 2  West Germany Charmilles Stadium, Geneva
Attendance: 20,000
Referee: Istvan Zsolt (Hungary)
Report Horvat Goal 9' (o.g.)
Rahn Goal 85'

Semi-finals

30 June 1954
18:00 CET
Hungary  4 – 2
(a.e.t.)
 Uruguay Stade Olympique de la Pontaise, Lausanne
Attendance: 37,000
Referee: Benjamin Griffiths (Wales)
Czibor Goal 13'
Hidegkuti Goal 46'
Kocsis Goal 111'116'
Report Hohberg Goal 75'86'

30 June 1954
18:00 CET
West Germany  6 – 1  Austria St. Jakob Stadium, Basel
Attendance: 58,000
Referee: Vincenzo Orlandini (Italy)
Schäfer Goal 31'
Morlock Goal 47'
F. Walter Goal 54' (pen.)64' (pen.)
O. Walter Goal 61'89'
Report Probst Goal 51'

Third place match

3 July 1954
17:00 CET
Uruguay  1 – 3  Austria Hardturm Stadium, Zürich
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Raymon Wyssling (Switzerland)
Hohberg Goal 22' Report Stojaspal Goal 16' (pen.)
Cruz Goal 59' (o.g.)
Ocwirk Goal 89'

Final

4 July 1954
17:00 CET
Hungary  2 – 3  West Germany Wankdorf Stadium, Berne
Attendance: 60,000
Referee: William Ling (England)
Puskás Goal 6'
Czibor Goal 8'
Report Morlock Goal 10'
Rahn Goal 18'84'

Awards

 1954 FIFA World Cup Winners 

West Germany
First title

Scorers

11 goals

6 goals

4 goals

Own goals

3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

In film

The final scene of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's film The Marriage of Maria Braun takes place during the finals of the 1954 World Cup; in the scene's background, the sports announcer is celebrating West Germany's victory and shouting "Deutschland ist wieder was!" (Germany is something again) - which the film uses as the symbol of Germany's recovery from the ravages of WWII.

Sönke Wortmann's 2003 German box-office hit The Miracle of Bern (in German: Das Wunder von Bern) re-tells the story of the German team's route to victory through the eyes of a young boy who admires the key player of the final, Helmut Rahn.

References

External links


Simple English

The 1954 FIFA World Cup was a football (soccer) sporting event that was held in Switzerland in 1954. Germany won the trophy after beating Hungary in the final.

Contents

Participants

Asia

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

Round 1

Group A

PosTeamBRAYUGFRAMEXPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Brazil-1-1-5-02110613Round 2
2Yugoslavia1-1-1-0-2110213Round 2
3France-0-1-3-22101332
4Mexico0-5-2-3-2002280

Group B

PosTeamHUNFRGTURKORPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Hungary-8-3-9-022001734Round 2
2West Germany3-8-4-1-2101792Round 2
2Turkey-1-4-7-02101842
4Korea Republic0-9-0-7-20020160

Playoff for Round 2

Group C

PosTeamURUAUTTCHSCOPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1Uruguay--2-07-02200904Round 2
2Austria--5-01-02200604Round 2
3Czechoslovakia0-20-5--2002070
4Scotland0-70-1--2002080

Group D

PosTeamENGSUIITABELPWDLGFGAPtsNote
1England-2-0-4-42110643Round 2
2Switzerland0-2-2-1-2101232Round 2
2Italy-1-2-4-12101532
4Belgium4-4-1-4-2011581

Playoff for Round 2

Round 2

Quarterfinals

Austria 7 – 5 Switzerland
England 2 – 4 Uruguay
Yugoslavia 0 – 2 West Germany
Hungary Template:Country data Hungary 1949-1956 4 – 2 Template:Country data Brazil (1889-1960) Brazil

Semifinals

West Germany 6 – 1 Austria
Hungary Template:Country data Hungary 1949-1956 4 – 2 (a.e.t.) Uruguay

3rd place

Austria 3 – 1 Uruguay

Final

West Germany 3 – 2 Template:Country data Hungary 1949-1956 Hungary

West Germany won the championship for the 1st time. In Germany the final is called Das Wunder von Bern (The Miracle of Berne) because of the unexpected win over the largely favoured Hungary.

References

FIFA


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