1955 Formula One season: Wikis

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1955 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1954 Next: 1956
Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1955 Formula One season included the 6th FIA Formula One World Championship season, which commenced on January 16, 1955, and ended on September 11 after seven races. Juan Manuel Fangio retained his title in a season that was curtailed by tragedies.

Contents

Season summary

Mercedes again dominated the season, with Fangio taking four races, and his new team mate Moss the British Grand Prix. Ferrari won at Monaco after the Mercedes broke down and Ascari crashed into the harbour. Although Ascari was apparently unscathed, the double World Champion crashed fatally at Monza while testing sportscars four days later.

The disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June which killed Pierre Levegh and over 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German, Spanish and Swiss Grands Prix.[1]

Moss' win at Aintree took the title battle to the final round, fittingly at Monza. A mechanical failure ended Moss's challenge, and an entertaining battle, handing Fangio his third title.

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix January 16 Oscar Gálvez Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
2 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 22 Monaco France Maurice Trintignant Italy Ferrari Report
3 United States Indianapolis 500 May 30 Indianapolis United States Bob Sweikert United States Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix June 5 Spa-Francorchamps Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
5 Netherlands Dutch Grand Prix June 19 Zandvoort Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
6 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 16 Aintree United Kingdom Stirling Moss Germany Mercedes Report
7 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 11 Monza Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report

Teams and Drivers

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1955 FIA World Championship.

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1955 Driver line-ups

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
Germany Daimler-Benz Mercedes W196 Mercedes L8 C Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1-2, 4-7
Germany Karl Kling 1, 4-7
United Kingdom Stirling Moss 1-2, 4-7
Germany Hans Herrmann 1-2
France André Simon 2
Italy Piero Taruffi 6-7
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 625
555
Ferrari L4 E Italy Umberto Maglioli 1, 7
Argentina José Froilán González 1
France Maurice Trintignant 1-2, 4-7
United States Harry Schell 2
Italy Piero Taruffi 2, 4
Belgium Paul Frère 2, 4
United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 5-7
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 5-7
Italy Giuseppe Farina 1-2, 4, 7
Lancia D50 Lancia V8
Italy Luigi Villoresi 7
Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P France Jean Behra 1-2, 4-7
Argentina Roberto Mieres 1-2, 4-7
Italy Sergio Mantovani 1
Italy Luigi Musso 1-2, 4-7
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy 1, 7
Argentina Clemar Bucci 1
United States Harry Schell 1
Italy Cesare Perdisa 2, 4
France André Simon 6
United Kingdom Peter Collins 7
United Kingdom Horace Gould 7
Uruguay Alberto Uria Maserati A6GCM Maserati L6 P Uruguay Alberto Uria 1
Italy Scuderia Lancia Lancia D50 Lancia V8 P Italy Alberto Ascari 1-2
Italy Luigi Villoresi 1-2, 4
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 1-2, 4
Monaco Louis Chiron 2
Italy Piero Valenzano 4
France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini L6 E France Élie Bayol 1-2, 4
Argentina Pablo Birger 1
Argentina Jesús Iglesias 1
France Robert Manzon 2, 4-6
France Jacques Pollet 2, 5, 7
Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 5-7
France Mike Sparken 6
France Jean Lucas 7
France Ecurie Rosier Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P France Louis Rosier 2, 4-5
United Kingdom Vandervell Products Ltd Vanwall VW 55 Vanwall L4 P United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 2, 4
United Kingdom Ken Wharton 2, 4, 6-7
United States Harry Schell 6-7
United Kingdom Stirling Moss Ltd Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Lance Macklin 2, 6
Belgium Johnny Claes 4
United Kingdom Peter Walker 5
United States John Fitch 7
United Kingdom Ted Whiteaway HWM 53 Alta L4 D United Kingdom Ted Whiteaway 2
Belgium Ecurie Filipinetti Gordini T16 Gordini L6 E Belgium Jacques Swaters 4
Thailand Prince Bira Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P Thailand Prince Bira 4
Belgium Equipe Nationale Belge Ferrari 625
500
Ferrari L4 E Belgium Olivier Gendebien 4
Belgium Johnny Claes 5
United Kingdom Gould's Garage Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Horace Gould 5-6
United Kingdom Connaught Engineering Connaught B Alta L4 D United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine 6
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 6
United Kingdom Rob Walker Racing Team Connaught B Alta L4 D United Kingdom Tony Rolt 6
United Kingdom Peter Walker 6
United Kingdom Leslie Marr Connaught B Alta L4 D United Kingdom Leslie Marr 6
United Kingdom Cooper Car Company Cooper T40 Bristol L6 D Australia Jack Brabham 6
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Peter Collins 6
United Kingdom Gilby Engineering Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Roy Salvadori 6
Italy Scuderia Volpini Arzani-Volpini F1 Maserati L4 P Italy Luigi Piotti 7

1955 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
ITA
Italy
Pts.
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1 Ret 1 1 2 1 40 (41)
2 United Kingdom Stirling Moss 4† / Ret 9 2 2 1 Ret 23
3 Italy Eugenio Castellotti Ret† 2 Ret 5 6† / Ret 3 12
4 France Maurice Trintignant 2† / 3† / Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 8 11.33
5 Italy Nino Farina 2† / 3† 4 3 DNS 10.33
6 Italy Piero Taruffi 8† WD 4 2 9
7 United States Bob Sweikert 1 8
8 Argentina Roberto Mieres 5 Ret 5† 4 Ret 7 7
9 France Jean Behra 6† / Ret† / Ret 3† / Ret† 5† / Ret 6 Ret 4 6
10 Italy Luigi Musso 7† / Ret† Ret 7 3 5 Ret 6
11 Germany Karl Kling 4† / Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 5
12 United States Jimmy Davies 3 4
13 United States Tony Bettenhausen 2† 3
14 United States Paul Russo 2† 3
15 Belgium Paul Frère 8† 4 3
16 United States Johnny Thomson 4 3
17 Argentina José Froilán González 2 2
18 Italy Cesare Perdisa 3† / Ret† 8 2
19 Italy Luigi Villoresi Ret† / Ret 5 WD DNS 2
20 Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Ret† / Ret 5 2
21 Italy Umberto Maglioli 3† 6 1.33
22 Germany Hans Herrmann 4† DNQ 1
23 United States Walt Faulkner 5† 1
24 United States Bill Homeier 5† 1
25 United States Bill Vukovich Ret 1
26 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ret Ret 7 6† 10 0
27 United States Harry Schell 6† / 7† / Ret† Ret DNS 9† / Ret Ret 0
28 Monaco Louis Chiron 6 0
29 United States Andy Linden 6 0
30 France Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret 0
31 United States Al Herman 7 0
32 France Mike Sparken 7 0
33 Italy Sergio Mantovani 7† / Ret† 0
34 Brazil Hernando da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret 0
35 United Kingdom Lance Macklin DNQ 8 0
36 United States Pat O'Connor 8 0
37 France Louis Rosier Ret 9 9 0
38 United Kingdom Ken Wharton WD 9† Ret 0
39 United States Jimmy Daywalt 9 0
40 United States John Fitch 9 0
41 United States Pat Flaherty 10 0
42 United States Duane Carter 11 0
43 Belgium Johnny Claes DNS 11 0
44 United States Chuck Weyant 12 0
45 United States Eddie Johnson 13 0
46 United States Jim Rathmann 14 0
France Robert Manzon Ret WD Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Horace Gould Ret Ret Ret 0
Italy Alberto Ascari Ret Ret 0
France Élie Bayol Ret Ret WD 0
France André Simon Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Peter Collins Ret Ret 0
United Kingdom Peter Walker Ret Ret† 0
Argentina Jesus Iglesias Ret 0
Argentina Pablo Birger Ret 0
Uruguay Alberto Uria Ret 0
United States Don Freeland Ret 0
United States Cal Niday Ret 0
United States Art Cross Ret 0
United States Shorty Templeman Ret 0
United States Sam Hanks Ret 0
United States Keith Andrews Ret 0
United States Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
United States Eddie Russo Ret 0
United States Ray Crawford Ret 0
United States Jimmy Bryan Ret 0
United States Jack McGrath Ret 0
United States Al Keller Ret 0
United States Johnny Boyd Ret 0
United States Ed Elisian Ret 0
United States Rodger Ward Ret 0
United States Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
United States Jimmy Reece Ret 0
United States Fred Agabashian Ret 0
United Kingdom Kenneth McAlpine Ret 0
Australia Jack Brabham Ret 0
United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Ret 0
United Kingdom Leslie Marr Ret 0
France Jean Lucas Ret 0
Argentina Clemar Bucci Ret† 0
United Kingdom Tony Rolt Ret† 0
United Kingdom Ted Whiteaway DNQ 0
United Kingdom Jack Fairman DNS 0
Italy Luigi Piotti DNS 0
Italy Piero Valenzano WD 0
Belgium Jacques Swaters WD 0
Thailand Prince Bira WD 0
Belgium Olivier Gendebien WD 0
Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
NED
Netherlands
GBR
United Kingdom
ITA
Italy
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
  • * Fastest lap (1 point awarded)
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races also held in 1955, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
Argentina Gran Premio Ciudad de Buenos Aires Buenos Aires January 30 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Germany Mercedes Report
Italy VII Gran Premio del Valentino Valentino Park March 27 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Lancia Report
France XVI Pau Grand Prix Pau April 11 France Jean Behra Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom III Glover Trophy Goodwood April 11 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Maserati Report
France IV Grand Prix de Bordeaux Bordeaux April 25 France Jean Behra Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom VII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone May 7 United Kingdom Peter Collins Italy Maserati Report
Italy VIII Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo May 8 Italy Alberto Ascari Italy Lancia Report
France XVII Grand Prix d'Albi Albi May 29 France André Simon Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom III Curtis Trophy Snetteron May 29 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom III Cornwall MRC Formula 1 Race Davidstow May 30 United Kingdom Leslie Marr United Kingdom Connaught-Alta Report
United Kingdom III London Trophy Crystal Palace July 30 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom III Daily Record Trophy Charterhall August 6 United Kingdom Bob Gerard Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom III RedeX Trophy Snetterton August 13 United States Harry Schell United Kingdom Vanwall Report
United Kingdom II Daily Telegraph Trophy Aintree September 3 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom II International Gold Cup Oulton Park September 24 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom I Avon Trophy Castle Combe October 1 United States Harry Schell United Kingdom Vanwall Report
Italy V Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse October 23 United Kingdom Tony Brooks United Kingdom Connaught-Alta Report

Notes

  1. ^ Lang, Mike (1981). Grand Prix! Vol 1. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 82. ISBN 0-85429-276-4. 

Simple English

The 1955 Formula One season was the 6th of the championship. The champion was Juan Manuel Fangio in a close battle.

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver Constructor Report
1 Argentine Grand Prix January 16 Oscar Gálvez Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Report
2 Monaco Grand Prix May 22 Monaco Maurice Trintignant Ferrari Report
3 Indianapolis 500 May 30 Indianapolis Bob Sweikert Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser Report
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix June 5 Spa-Francorchamps Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Report
5 Dutch Grand Prix June 19 Zandvoort Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Report
6 British Grand Prix July 16 Aintree Stirling Moss Mercedes Report
7 Italian Grand Prix September 11 Monza Juan Manuel Fangio Mercedes Report

1955 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos. Driver ARG
MON
500
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
NED
GBR
ITA
Pts.
1 Juan Manuel Fangio 1* Ret* 1* 1 2 1 40 (41)
2 Stirling Moss 4† / Ret 9 2 2 1* Ret* 23
3 Eugenio Castellotti Ret† 2 Ret 5 6† / Ret 3 12
4 Maurice Trintignant 2† / 3† / Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 8 11.33
5 Nino Farina 2† / 3† 4 3 DNS 10.33
6 Piero Taruffi 8† 4 2 9
7 Bob Sweikert 1 8
8 Roberto Mieres 5 Ret 5† 4* Ret 7 7
9 Jean Behra 6† / Ret† / Ret 3† / Ret† 5† / Ret 6 Ret 4 6
10 Luigi Musso 7† / Ret† Ret 7 3 5 Ret 6
11 Karl Kling 4† / Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 5
12 Jimmy Davies 3 4
13 Tony Bettenhausen 2† 3
14 Paul Russo 2† 3
15 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Paul Frère 8† 4 3
16 Johnny Thomson 4 3
17 José Froilán González 2† 2
18 Cesare Perdisa 3† / Ret† 8 2
19 Luigi Villoresi Ret† / Ret 5 DNS 2
20 Carlos Menditéguy Ret† / Ret 5 2
21 Umberto Maglioli 3† 6 1.33
22 Hans Herrmann 4† 1
23 Walt Faulkner 5† 1
24 Bill Homeier 5† 1
25 Bill Vukovich Ret* 1
26 Mike Hawthorn Ret Ret 7 6† 10 0
27 Harry Schell 6† / 7† / Ret† Ret 9† / Ret Ret 0
28 Louis Chiron 6 0
29 Andy Linden 6 0
30 Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret 0
31 Al Herman 7 0
32 Mike Sparken 7 0
33 Sergio Mantovani 7† / Ret† 0
34 Hernando da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret 0
35 Lance Macklin DNQ 8 0
36 Pat O'Connor 8 0
37 Louis Rosier Ret 9 9 0
38 Ken Wharton 9† Ret 0
39 Jimmy Daywalt 9 0
40 John Fitch 9 0
41 Pat Flaherty 10 0
42 Duane Carter 11 0
43 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Johnny Claes 11 0
44 Chuck Weyant 12 0
45 Eddie Johnson 13 0
46 Jim Rathmann 14 0
Robert Manzon Ret Ret Ret 0
Horace Gould Ret Ret Ret 0
Alberto Ascari Ret Ret 0
Elie Bayol Ret Ret 0
Andre Simon Ret Ret 0
Peter Collins Ret Ret 0
Peter Walker Ret Ret† 0
Jesus Iglesias Ret 0
Pablo Birger Ret 0
Alberto Uria Ret 0
Don Freeland Ret 0
Cal Niday Ret 0
Art Cross Ret 0
Shorty Templeman Ret 0
Sam Hanks Ret 0
Keith Andrews Ret 0
Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
Eddie Russo Ret 0
Ray Crawford Ret 0
Jimmy Bryan Ret 0
Jack McGrath Ret 0
Al Keller Ret 0
Johnny Boyd Ret 0
Ed Elisian Ret 0
Rodger Ward Ret 0
Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
Jimmy Reece Ret 0
Fred Agabashian Ret 0
Kenneth McAlpine Ret 0
Jack Brabham Ret 0
Roy Salvadori Ret 0
Leslie Marr Ret 0
Jean Lucas Ret 0
Clemar Bucci Ret† 0
Tony Rolt Ret† 0
Ted Whiteaway DNQ 0
Pos. Driver ARG
MON
500
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
NED
GBR
ITA
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(starting in 2003)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
  • * Fastest lap (1 point awarded)
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races also held in 1955, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
VII Gran Premio del Valentino Valentino Park March 27 Alberto Ascari Lancia Report
XVI Grand Prix de Pau Pau April 11 Jean Behra Maserati Report
III Glover Trophy Goodwood April 11 Roy Salvadori Maserati Report
IV Grand Prix de Bordeaux Bordeaux April 25 Jean Behra Maserati Report
VII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone May 7 Peter Collins Maserati Report
VIII Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo May 8 Alberto Ascari Lancia Report
XVII Grand Prix d'Albi Albi May 29 André Simon Maserati Report
III Curtis Trophy Snetteron May 29 Roy Salvadori Maserati Report
III Cornwall M.R.C. Formula 1 Race Davidstow May 30 Leslie Marr Connaught-Alta Report
III London Trophy Crystal Palace July 30 Mike Hawthorn Maserati Report
III Daily Record Trophy Charterhall August 6 Bob Gerard Maserati Report
III RedeX Trophy Snetterton August 13 Harry Schell Vanwall Report
II Daily Telegraph Trophy Aintree September 3 Roy Salvadori Maserati Report
II International Gold Cup Oulton Park September 24 Stirling Moss Maserati Report
I Avon Trophy Castle Combe October 1 Harry Schell Vanwall Report
V Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse October 23 Tony Brooks Connaught-Alta Report


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