1956 Formula One season: Wikis

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1956 FIA Formula One World Championship season
Previous: 1955 Next: 1957
Index: Races by country | Races by season

The 1956 Formula One season featured the seventh FIA World Championship of Drivers [1] as well as numerous non-championship races for Formula One cars. The championship series commenced on January 22, 1956 and ended on September 2 after eight races. Juan Manuel Fangio won his third consecutive title, the fourth of his career.

Contents

Season summary

Fangio joined Ferrari after Mercedes-Benz, with whom he had won the 1954 title, withdrew from the sport. Ferrari acquired the folded Lancia team's D50 cars and put together a strong team containing Fangio, Eugenio Castellotti, Luigi Musso and Peter Collins. Fangio won the opening race after commandeering Musso's car after his own car had broken down. Collins and Fangio's team-mate at Mercedes, Stirling Moss - now driving for Maserati provided the biggest challenge to his title defence, each winning two races. In an open season the British Connaughts, Vanwalls and BRMs also showed some signs of promise.

Going into the final race of the season, Fangio had an eight-point lead over Collins and the consistent Jean Behra, driving for Maserati. The only way he could lose the title would be to not finish and have either Collins or Behra win, with a fastest lap. Fangio and Behra both retired, and with Musso unwilling to share his car with Fangio, Collins had a great chance of winning his first title. Collins, in a remarkable act of sportsmanship, instead chose to hand his car over to Fangio to allow the Argentine to finish second in the race and win his third title in a row.

Points were given to top 5 finishers (8, 6, 4, 3, 2). 1 point was given for fastest lap. Only the best five scores counted towards the world championship. Points for shared drives were divided equally between the drivers, regardless of who had driven more laps.

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver(s) Constructor Report
1 Argentina Argentine Grand Prix January 22 Oscar Gálvez Italy Luigi Musso / Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
2 Monaco Monaco Grand Prix May 13 Monaco United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
3 United States Indianapolis 500 May 30 Indianapolis United States Pat Flaherty United States Watson-Offenhauser Report
4 Belgium Belgian Grand Prix June 3 Spa-Francorchamps United Kingdom Peter Collins Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
5 France French Grand Prix July 1 Reims United Kingdom Peter Collins Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
6 United Kingdom British Grand Prix July 14 Silverstone Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
7 Germany German Grand Prix August 5 Nürburgring Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
8 Italy Italian Grand Prix September 2 Monza United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report

Teams and Drivers

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1956 FIA World Championship.

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1956 Driver line-ups

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
Italy Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P United Kingdom Stirling Moss 1-2, 4-8
France Jean Behra 1-2, 4-8
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy 1
Brazil Chico Landi 1
Italy Gerino Gerini 1
Argentina José Froilán González 1
Italy Cesare Perdisa 2, 4-7
Spain Paco Godia 4-8
Italy Piero Taruffi 5
Italy Umberto Maglioli 7-8
Italy Luigi Villoresi 8
Sweden Jo Bonnier 8
Italy Luigi Piotti Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P Italy Luigi Piotti 1, 7-8
Italy Luigi Villoresi 5-7
United Kingdom Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 1, 4
2, 6
BRM P25 BRM L4 D
United Kingdom Tony Brooks 2, 4-6
United Kingdom Ron Flockhart 6
Uruguay Alberto Uria Maserati A6GCM Maserati L6 P Uruguay Alberto Uria 1
Uruguay Oscar Gonzalez 1
France Equipe Gordini Gordini T16
T32
Gordini L6
Gordini L4
Gordini L8
E France Robert Manzon 1-2, 5-8
France Élie Bayol 1-2
Belgium André Pilette 2, 5, 7
Brazil Hermano da Silva Ramos 2, 5-6, 8
Belgium André Milhoux 7
France André Simon 8
Italy Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari D50
555
Ferrari V8
Ferrari L4
E


P

Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1-2, 4-8
Italy Eugenio Castellotti 1-2, 4-8
Italy Luigi Musso 1-2, 7-8
United Kingdom Peter Collins 1-2, 4-8
Belgium Olivier Gendebien 1, 5-6
Belgium Paul Frère 4
Belgium André Pilette 4
Spain Alfonso de Portago 5-8
Germany Wolfgang von Trips 8
France Ecurie Rosier Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P France Louis Rosier 2, 4-8
United Kingdom Vandervell Products Ltd Vanwall VW 2 Vanwall L4 P France Maurice Trintignant 2, 4, 6, 8
United States Harry Schell 2, 4-6, 8
United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 5
United Kingdom Colin Chapman 5
Argentina José Froilán González 6
Italy Piero Taruffi 8
United Kingdom Gould's Garage Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Horace Gould 2, 4-8
Italy Scuderia Centro Sud Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P Monaco Louis Chiron 2
Italy Luigi Villoresi 4
Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio 6
United States Harry Schell 7
Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 8
Ferrari 500 Ferrari L4 Italy Giorgio Scarlatti 2, 7
Italy Piero Scotti Connaught B Alta L4 P Italy Piero Scotti 4-5
France Automobiles Bugatti Bugatti T251 Bugatti L8 E France Maurice Trintignant 5
France André Simon Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P France André Simon 5
Italy Scuderia Guastella Maserati 250F Maserati L6 P Italy Umberto Maglioli 6
Italy Gerino Gerini 8
United Kingdom Connaught Engineering Connaught B Alta L4 P


A

United Kingdom Archie Scott-Brown 6, 8
United Kingdom Desmond Titterington 6
United Kingdom Jack Fairman 6, 8
United Kingdom Mike Oliver 6
United Kingdom Les Leston 8
United Kingdom Ron Flockhart 8
United Kingdom Bob Gerard Cooper T23 Bristol L6 D United Kingdom Bob Gerard 6
United Kingdom Gilby Engineering Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Roy Salvadori 6-8
United Kingdom Bruce Halford Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D United Kingdom Bruce Halford 6-8
Australia Jack Brabham Maserati 250F Maserati L6 D Australia Jack Brabham 6
United Kingdom Emeryson Cars Emeryson 56 Alta L4 D United Kingdom Paul Emery 6
Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio Maserati A6GCM Maserati L6 P Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio 7

1956 Drivers Championship final standings

Championship points were awarded at each round on an 8-6-4-3-2 basis to the first five finishers with an additional point awarded to the driver setting the fastest lap of the race. Only the best five round results were counted.

Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
ITA
Italy
Pts.
1 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio 1*† / Ret 2*† / 4† Ret 4* 1 1* 2† / 8† 30 (33)
2 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Ret 1 3*† / Ret 5† / Ret Ret* 2 1* 27 (28)
3 United Kingdom Peter Collins Ret 2† 1 1 2† / Ret Ret† / Ret 2† 25
4 France Jean Behra 2 3 7 3 3 3 Ret† / Ret 22
5 United States Pat Flaherty 1 8
6 Italy Eugenio Castellotti Ret 4† / Ret Ret 2 10† Ret† / Ret 8† / Ret 7.5
7 United States Sam Hanks 2 6
8 Belgium Paul Frère 2 6
9 Spain Paco Godia Ret 7 8 4 4 6
10 United Kingdom Jack Fairman 4 5 5
11 Italy Luigi Musso 1† Ret Ret† Ret 4
12 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn 3 10† Ret 4
13 United Kingdom Ron Flockhart Ret 3 4
14 United States Don Freeland 3 4
15 Spain Alfonso de Portago Ret 2† / 10† Ret† Ret 3
16 Italy Cesare Perdisa 7 3† 5† 7 Ret 3
17 United States Harry Schell Ret 4 10† / Ret Ret Ret Ret 3
18 United States Johnnie Parsons 4 3
19 France Louis Rosier Ret 8 6 Ret 5 2
20 Italy Luigi Villoresi 5 Ret 6 Ret Ret† 2
21 Brazil Hernando da Silva Ramos 5 8 Ret Ret 2
22 United Kingdom Horace Gould 8 Ret 5 Ret 2
23 Belgium Olivier Gendebien 5 Ret 2
24 United States Dick Rathmann 5 2
25 Italy Gerino Gerini 4† 10 1.5
26 Brazil Chico Landi 4† 1.5
27 United States Paul Russo Ret* 1
28 Belgium André Pilette 6† 6 11 Ret 0
29 Italy Luigi Piotti Ret 6 0
30 United States Bob Sweikert 6 0
31 Uruguay Oscar Gonzalez 6† 0
32 Uruguay Alberto Uria 6† 0
33 France Élie Bayol 6† 0
34 United States Bob Veith 7 0
35 Switzerland Toulo de Graffenried 7 0
36 United States Rodger Ward 8 0
37 France Robert Manzon Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 0
38 France André Simon Ret 9 0
39 United States Jimmy Reece 9 0
40 United States Cliff Griffith 10 0
41 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Ret Ret 11 0
42 United States Gene Hartley 11 0
43 United Kingdom Bob Gerard 11 0
44 United States Fred Agabashian 12 0
45 United States Bob Christie 13 0
46 United States Al Keller 14 0
47 United States Eddie Johnson 15 0
48 United States Billy Garrett 16 0
49 United States Duke Dinsmore 17 0
50 United States Pat O'Connor 18 0
51 United States Jimmy Bryan 19 0
Switzerland Ottorino Volonterio NC 0
France Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
Italy Umberto Maglioli Ret Ret Ret† 0
United Kingdom Bruce Halford Ret DSQ Ret 0
Argentina José Froilán González Ret Ret 0
Italy Piero Taruffi Ret Ret 0
Italy Giorgio Scarlatti DNQ Ret 0
Argentina Carlos Menditeguy Ret 0
United States Jim Rathmann Ret 0
United States Johnnie Tolan Ret 0
United States Tony Bettenhausen Ret 0
United States Jimmy Daywalt Ret 0
United States Jack Turner Ret 0
United States Keith Andrews Ret 0
United States Andy Linden Ret 0
United States Al Herman Ret 0
United States Ray Crawford Ret 0
United States Johnny Boyd Ret 0
United States Troy Ruttman Ret 0
United States Johnny Thomson Ret 0
Italy Piero Scotti Ret 0
United Kingdom Desmond Titterington Ret 0
United Kingdom Tony Brooks Ret 0
United Kingdom Archie Scott-Brown Ret 0
United Kingdom Paul Emery Ret 0
Australia Jack Brabham Ret 0
Belgium Andre Milhoux Ret 0
United States Les Leston Ret 0
United States Ed Elisian Ret† 0
United States Eddie Russo Ret† 0
Sweden Joakim Bonnier Ret† 0
United Kingdom Colin Chapman DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
Argentina
MON
Monaco
500
United States
BEL
Belgium
FRA
France
GBR
United Kingdom
GER
Germany
ITA
Italy
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)
  • * Fastest lap (1 point awarded)
  • † Position shared between more drivers of the same car
  • Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races also held in 1956, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
Argentina X Gran Premio Ciudad de Buenos Aires Mendoza February 5 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
United Kingdom IV Glover Trophy Goodwood April 2 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
Italy VI Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse April 15 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Italy Lancia-Ferrari Report
United Kingdom XI BARC Aintree 200 Aintree April 21 United Kingdom Stirling Moss Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom VII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone May 5 United Kingdom Stirling Moss United Kingdom Vanwall Report
Italy IX Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo May 6 France Robert Manzon France Gordini Report
United Kingdom I Aintree 100 Aintree June 24 United Kingdom Horace Gould Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom I Vanwall Trophy Snetterton July 22 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori Italy Maserati Report
France IV Grand Prix de Caen Caen August 26 United States Harry Schell Italy Maserati Report
United Kingdom II Sussex Trophy Goodwood September 8 United Kingdom Roy Salvadori United Kingdom Cooper-Climax Report
United Kingdom I BRSCC Formula 1 Race Brands Hatch October 14 United Kingdom Archie Scott Brown United Kingdom Connaught-Alta Report

Notes and references

  1. ^ FIA Yearbook, 1974, page 119

External links


Simple English

The 1956 Formula One season was the 7th of the championship. The champion was Juan Manuel Fangio in a close battle.

Season review

Round Race Date Location Winning driver(s) Constructor Report
1 Argentine Grand Prix January 22 Oscar Gálvez Luigi Musso / Juan Manuel Fangio Lancia-Ferrari Report
2 Monaco Grand Prix May 13 Monaco Stirling Moss Maserati Report
3 Indianapolis 500 May 30 Indianapolis Pat Flaherty Watson-Offenhauser Report
4 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgian Grand Prix June 3 Spa-Francorchamps Peter Collins Lancia-Ferrari Report
5 French Grand Prix July 1 Reims Peter Collins Lancia-Ferrari Report
6 British Grand Prix July 14 Silverstone Juan Manuel Fangio Lancia-Ferrari Report
7 German Grand Prix August 5 Nürburgring Juan Manuel Fangio Lancia-Ferrari Report
8 Italian Grand Prix September 2 Monza Stirling Moss Maserati Report

1956 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos. Driver ARG
MON
500
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
FRA
GBR
GER
ITA
Pts.
1 Juan Manuel Fangio 1*† / Ret 2*† / 4† Ret 4* 1 1* 2† / 8† 30 (33)
2 Stirling Moss Ret 1 3*† / Ret 5† / Ret Ret* 2 1* 27 (28)
3 Peter Collins Ret 2† 1 1 2† / Ret Ret† / Ret 2† 25
4 Jean Behra 2 3 7 3 3 3 Ret† / Ret 22
5 Pat Flaherty 1 8
6 Eugenio Castellotti Ret 4† / Ret Ret 2 10† Ret† / Ret 8† / Ret 7.5
7 Sam Hanks 2 6
8 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Paul Frère 2 6
9 Paco Godia Ret 7 8 4 4 6
10 Jack Fairman 4 5 5
11 Luigi Musso 1† Ret Ret† Ret 4
12 Mike Hawthorn 3 10† Ret 4
13 Ron Flockhart Ret 3 4
14 Don Freeland 3 4
15 Alfonso de Portago Ret 2† / 10† Ret† Ret 3
16 Cesare Perdisa 7 3† 5† 7 Ret 3
17 Harry Schell Ret 4 10† / Ret Ret Ret Ret 3
18 Johnnie Parsons 4 3
19 Louis Rosier Ret 8 6 Ret 5 2
20 Luigi Villoresi 5 Ret 6 Ret Ret 2
21 Hernando da Silva Ramos 5 8 Ret Ret 2
22 Horace Gould 8 Ret 5 Ret 2
23 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Olivier Gendebien 5 Ret 2
24 Dick Rathmann 5 2
25 Gerino Gerini 4† 10 1.5
26 Chico Landi 4† 1.5
27 Paul Russo Ret* 1
28 File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Andre Pilette 6† 6 11 Ret 0
29 Luigi Piotti Ret 6 0
30 Bob Sweikert 6 0
31 Oscar Gonzalez 6† 0
32 Alberto Uria 6† 0
33 Elie Bayol 6† 0
34 Bob Veith 7 0
35 Toulo de Graffenried 7 0
36 Rodger Ward 8 0
37 Robert Manzon Ret 9 9 Ret Ret 0
38 Andre Simon Ret 9 0
39 Jimmy Reece 9 0
40 Cliff Griffith 10 0
41 Roy Salvadori Ret Ret 11 0
42 Gene Hartley 11 0
43 Bob Gerard 11 0
44 Fred Agabashian 12 0
45 Bob Christie 13 0
46 Al Keller 14 0
47 Eddie Johnson 15 0
48 Billy Garrett 16 0
49 Duke Dinsmore 17 0
50 Pat O'Connor 18 0
51 Jimmy Bryan 19 0
Ottorino Volonterio NC 0
Maurice Trintignant Ret Ret Ret Ret Ret 0
Umberto Maglioli Ret Ret Ret† 0
Bruce Halford Ret DSQ Ret 0
José Froilán González Ret Ret 0
Piero Taruffi Ret Ret 0
Giorgio Scarlatti DNQ Ret 0
Carlos Menditéguy Ret 0
Jim Rathmann Ret 0
Johnnie Tolan Ret 0
Tony Bettenhausen Ret 0
Jimmy Daywalt Ret 0
Jack Turner Ret 0
Keith Andrews Ret 0
Andy Linden Ret 0
Al Herman Ret 0
Ray Crawford Ret 0
Johnny Boyd Ret 0
Troy Ruttman Ret 0
Johnny Thomson Ret 0
Piero Scotti Ret 0
Desmond Titterington Ret 0
Tony Brooks Ret 0
Archie Scott-Brown Ret 0
Paul Emery Ret 0
Jack Brabham Ret 0
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Andre Milhoux Ret 0
Les Leston Ret 0
Ed Elisian Ret† 0
Eddie Russo Ret† 0
Colin Chapman DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
MON
500
BEL
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg
FRA
GBR
GER
ITA
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(starting in 2003)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
Withdrew entry before the event (WD)


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